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postgraduate thesis: A systematic review : cost-effectiveness of health informatics adoption for health care delivery

TitleA systematic review : cost-effectiveness of health informatics adoption for health care delivery
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yip, Y. [葉鎣婷]. (2013). A systematic review : cost-effectiveness of health informatics adoption for health care delivery. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098997
AbstractBACKGROUND: Health Information Technology (HIT) enhances patient safety, which can also help to reduce health care costs. When it is used to replace the paper-based records, it will alter the workflow of front line workers and facilitate the management of care. The data captured can be shared in a seamless manner throughout the whole patient care journey. Since a significant upfront investment is required in the implementation and the use of the Electronic Health Record (EHR), it is still recognized as one of the major barriers. Despite these factors, governments and private health care provider organizations are all moving to implement a myriad of HITs. Therefore, meaningful use (MU) is an important criterion when assessing HIT utilization. This study focuses on the review and synthesis of evidence relating to the cost and effectiveness of health informatics adoption for health care delivery. Taking these findings into account may increase the likelihood of successful and cost-effective HIT implementation. METHODS: Literature searches of BMJ, Science Direct, and PubMed as well as a manual search for grey literature via Google scholar were performed. The inclusion criteria were any studies, both quantitative and qualitative, that describe the cost-effectiveness of informatics via any type of HIT used during the provision of health care services. English publications from 2003 to 2013 with any type of study setting were included. Through this search, nine articles were chosen for the final analysis. RESULTS: Among the nine selected studies, eight of them concluded that the adoption of HIT may-be-cost-effective to health care delivery. One study found the adoption of HIT not effective. The studies did not provide sufficient and concrete evidence to prove cost-effectiveness of HIT adoption. DISCUSSION: There is insufficient evidence to support the cost-effectiveness of HIT adoption. The cost data from these studies are not available. Data quality, system design, and physician behavior are other concern for MU of health informatics. Health care organization and governments should engage with the end-users (e.g. medical & paramedical personnel and patients) during system design (or selection), adaptation and implementation. CONCLUSION: Stakeholders should be aware of the tradeoffs throughout the implementation process. HIT scope, design, development, implementation, and performance monitoring should be well planned right from the start. In the foreseeable future, formal economics evaluation reports of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) should be compulsory for stakeholders investing in Health Information Technologies.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectMedical informatics
Medical care
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193814

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYip, Ying-ting-
dc.contributor.author葉鎣婷-
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-27T23:10:48Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-27T23:10:48Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationYip, Y. [葉鎣婷]. (2013). A systematic review : cost-effectiveness of health informatics adoption for health care delivery. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5098997-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193814-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Health Information Technology (HIT) enhances patient safety, which can also help to reduce health care costs. When it is used to replace the paper-based records, it will alter the workflow of front line workers and facilitate the management of care. The data captured can be shared in a seamless manner throughout the whole patient care journey. Since a significant upfront investment is required in the implementation and the use of the Electronic Health Record (EHR), it is still recognized as one of the major barriers. Despite these factors, governments and private health care provider organizations are all moving to implement a myriad of HITs. Therefore, meaningful use (MU) is an important criterion when assessing HIT utilization. This study focuses on the review and synthesis of evidence relating to the cost and effectiveness of health informatics adoption for health care delivery. Taking these findings into account may increase the likelihood of successful and cost-effective HIT implementation. METHODS: Literature searches of BMJ, Science Direct, and PubMed as well as a manual search for grey literature via Google scholar were performed. The inclusion criteria were any studies, both quantitative and qualitative, that describe the cost-effectiveness of informatics via any type of HIT used during the provision of health care services. English publications from 2003 to 2013 with any type of study setting were included. Through this search, nine articles were chosen for the final analysis. RESULTS: Among the nine selected studies, eight of them concluded that the adoption of HIT may-be-cost-effective to health care delivery. One study found the adoption of HIT not effective. The studies did not provide sufficient and concrete evidence to prove cost-effectiveness of HIT adoption. DISCUSSION: There is insufficient evidence to support the cost-effectiveness of HIT adoption. The cost data from these studies are not available. Data quality, system design, and physician behavior are other concern for MU of health informatics. Health care organization and governments should engage with the end-users (e.g. medical & paramedical personnel and patients) during system design (or selection), adaptation and implementation. CONCLUSION: Stakeholders should be aware of the tradeoffs throughout the implementation process. HIT scope, design, development, implementation, and performance monitoring should be well planned right from the start. In the foreseeable future, formal economics evaluation reports of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) should be compulsory for stakeholders investing in Health Information Technologies.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshMedical informatics-
dc.subject.lcshMedical care-
dc.titleA systematic review : cost-effectiveness of health informatics adoption for health care delivery-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5098997-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5098997-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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