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postgraduate thesis: The role of ALDH and SOX2 as tumour initiating cell markers in non-small cell lung cancer

TitleThe role of ALDH and SOX2 as tumour initiating cell markers in non-small cell lung cancer
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chui, T. [崔董庸]. (2013). The role of ALDH and SOX2 as tumour initiating cell markers in non-small cell lung cancer. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5091320
AbstractThe abundance of tumour initiating cells (TIC) has been suggested to be an important prognostic indicator in cancers. Both SOX2 and ALDH have been individually reported to be putative TIC markers but their combined status is unclear and their usefulness in the prognostication of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)has not been reported. This study investigated the patterns of ALDH and SOX2 protein expression in NSCLC using immunohistochemistry. Expression was graded using semi-automated signal capturing and image analysis software. ALDH and SOX2 were expressed in 41% and 43% of all NSCLC, respectively. ALDH was expressed in 36% of adenocarcinomas (AD)and 65% of squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), while SOX2 was expressed in 36% of AD and 80% of SCC., respectively. Taking all cases into consideration, the expression of ALDH and SOX2 significantly correlated with each other (p=0.003). No prognostic value of the abundance of ALDH and SOX2-expressing cancer cells was found with regard to all NSCLC or in AD. In contrast, for SCC, a significantly better prognosis with longer cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free survival was found in tumours with higher ALDH expression, while a longer CSS was found in those with higher SOX2 expression. Contrary to the hypothesis that a high TIC content indicated by high combined ALDH and SOX2 expression would predict poor patient outcome, amongst all NSCLC, the combined phenotype of SOX2+/ALDH-was associated with the worst prognosis compared with the SOX2+/ALDH+(p=0.026) and SOX-/ALDH-(p=0.048),while no significant difference was observed with the SOX-/ALDH+ phenotypes. In view of the tight correlation between ALDH and SOX2 protein levels, in vitro studies were performed to investigate whether ALDH could be an upstream regulator of SOX2 expression. Pharmacological inhibition of ALDH enzyme function led to down-regulation of SOX2 mRNA and nuclear protein expression in lung cancer cell lines, indicating a regulatory role of ALDH on the SOX2 stemness pathway in lung cancer. In summary, the findings implicate complex factors are likely to be involved in determining the expression levels of ALDH and SOX2 in clinical lung cancers and their mechanisms affecting patient survival remain to be clarified. Further investigations on the specificity of ALDH/SOX2 as TIC marker, TIC interaction with the tumour micro-environment, and potential complex antagonistic functions of ALDH in TIC maintenance are required.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectTranscription factors
Aldehyde dehydrogenase
Lungs - Cancer
Dept/ProgramPathology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193557

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChui, Tung-yung-
dc.contributor.author崔董庸-
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-13T23:10:38Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-13T23:10:38Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationChui, T. [崔董庸]. (2013). The role of ALDH and SOX2 as tumour initiating cell markers in non-small cell lung cancer. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5091320-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193557-
dc.description.abstractThe abundance of tumour initiating cells (TIC) has been suggested to be an important prognostic indicator in cancers. Both SOX2 and ALDH have been individually reported to be putative TIC markers but their combined status is unclear and their usefulness in the prognostication of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)has not been reported. This study investigated the patterns of ALDH and SOX2 protein expression in NSCLC using immunohistochemistry. Expression was graded using semi-automated signal capturing and image analysis software. ALDH and SOX2 were expressed in 41% and 43% of all NSCLC, respectively. ALDH was expressed in 36% of adenocarcinomas (AD)and 65% of squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), while SOX2 was expressed in 36% of AD and 80% of SCC., respectively. Taking all cases into consideration, the expression of ALDH and SOX2 significantly correlated with each other (p=0.003). No prognostic value of the abundance of ALDH and SOX2-expressing cancer cells was found with regard to all NSCLC or in AD. In contrast, for SCC, a significantly better prognosis with longer cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free survival was found in tumours with higher ALDH expression, while a longer CSS was found in those with higher SOX2 expression. Contrary to the hypothesis that a high TIC content indicated by high combined ALDH and SOX2 expression would predict poor patient outcome, amongst all NSCLC, the combined phenotype of SOX2+/ALDH-was associated with the worst prognosis compared with the SOX2+/ALDH+(p=0.026) and SOX-/ALDH-(p=0.048),while no significant difference was observed with the SOX-/ALDH+ phenotypes. In view of the tight correlation between ALDH and SOX2 protein levels, in vitro studies were performed to investigate whether ALDH could be an upstream regulator of SOX2 expression. Pharmacological inhibition of ALDH enzyme function led to down-regulation of SOX2 mRNA and nuclear protein expression in lung cancer cell lines, indicating a regulatory role of ALDH on the SOX2 stemness pathway in lung cancer. In summary, the findings implicate complex factors are likely to be involved in determining the expression levels of ALDH and SOX2 in clinical lung cancers and their mechanisms affecting patient survival remain to be clarified. Further investigations on the specificity of ALDH/SOX2 as TIC marker, TIC interaction with the tumour micro-environment, and potential complex antagonistic functions of ALDH in TIC maintenance are required.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshTranscription factors-
dc.subject.lcshAldehyde dehydrogenase-
dc.subject.lcshLungs - Cancer-
dc.titleThe role of ALDH and SOX2 as tumour initiating cell markers in non-small cell lung cancer-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5091320-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePathology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5091320-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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