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postgraduate thesis: Polymerase activity of chimeric polymerase : a determining factor for an influenza virus to be a pandemic strain

TitlePolymerase activity of chimeric polymerase : a determining factor for an influenza virus to be a pandemic strain
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chin, W. [錢永康]. (2012). Polymerase activity of chimeric polymerase : a determining factor for an influenza virus to be a pandemic strain. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4979918
AbstractThe influenza polymerase is a complex of three subunits, polymerase basic protein 2 (PB2), polymerase basic protein 1 (PB1) and polymerase acidic protein (PA). It associates with the viral RNA segment and nucleoprotein (NP) to form a viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex which is important for transcription and replication of the viral genome. Concurrently, the previous three influenza pandemics viruses contain reassorted vRNP of different origins. This leads to the aim of study to investigate the role of polymerase in the pandemic viruses. By reconstitution of vRNPs in human cells, it was demonstrated that vRNPs of H2N2 and H3N2 pandemic viruses had higher polymerase activity than the H2N2 seasonal viruses in-between them. The recombinant virus with H2N2 pandemic vRNP also showed faster growth kinetics in the early stage of viral replication and better adaptability to the selective environment with neuraminidase inhibitor than the recombinant virus with H2N2 seasonal vRNP, which had a lower polymerase activity. Reconstitution of chimeric vRNPs of H2N2 pandemic and seasonal viruses revealed that PB2, PB1 and PA were responsible for the difference in polymerase activity between them. Five residues, one in PB2, three in PB1 and one in PA were identified to be significant for the polymerase activity change. These polymerase subunits and residues may act as part of the determining factors for the H2N2 pandemic virus. Furthermore, PB2-627 has been shown to have stringent host specificity and affect polymerase activity and viral replication. Recombinant viruses in mammalian and avian cells with random mutation were generated at this position. It showed that the amino acids at this position are not restricted to those appear in the nature for generating viable viruses. It was also observed that the avian-derived viruses generally had lower polymerase activity and reduced growth kinetics in mammalian cells, while part of the mammalian-derived viruses had lower polymerase activity and reduced growth kinetics in avian cells. This consolidated the role of PB2-627 on host specificity and demonstrated the possibility of some novel amino acids for this position, which may play a role in the future influenza pandemic. The 2009 H1N1 pandemic virus contains a reassorted vRNP with subunits of avian, human and swine origins. This prompts me to compare the polymerase activity of all the 81 possible combinations of chimeric vRNPs of three different origins. The results were statistically analyzed and several single subunit factors and interactions between vRNP subunits were identified to significantly affect the polymerase activity. In order to reduce the effort and resources required, a fractional factorial design of 27 experimental runs was developed to substitute the 81-combination full factorial design for identifying the significant single subunit factors that affect the polymerase activity. Overall, this study identified some factors that may contribute to a pandemic virus and allows us to have better understanding of the role of polymerase in a pandemic virus. These findings may contribute to evaluating the pandemic potential of the novel virus that emerges or may emerge in the nature and enhances the preparedness towards the next pandemic influenza.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectRNA polymerases
Influenza viruses
Nucleoproteins
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193398

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChin, Wing-hong-
dc.contributor.author錢永康-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-31T23:09:26Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-31T23:09:26Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationChin, W. [錢永康]. (2012). Polymerase activity of chimeric polymerase : a determining factor for an influenza virus to be a pandemic strain. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4979918-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193398-
dc.description.abstractThe influenza polymerase is a complex of three subunits, polymerase basic protein 2 (PB2), polymerase basic protein 1 (PB1) and polymerase acidic protein (PA). It associates with the viral RNA segment and nucleoprotein (NP) to form a viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex which is important for transcription and replication of the viral genome. Concurrently, the previous three influenza pandemics viruses contain reassorted vRNP of different origins. This leads to the aim of study to investigate the role of polymerase in the pandemic viruses. By reconstitution of vRNPs in human cells, it was demonstrated that vRNPs of H2N2 and H3N2 pandemic viruses had higher polymerase activity than the H2N2 seasonal viruses in-between them. The recombinant virus with H2N2 pandemic vRNP also showed faster growth kinetics in the early stage of viral replication and better adaptability to the selective environment with neuraminidase inhibitor than the recombinant virus with H2N2 seasonal vRNP, which had a lower polymerase activity. Reconstitution of chimeric vRNPs of H2N2 pandemic and seasonal viruses revealed that PB2, PB1 and PA were responsible for the difference in polymerase activity between them. Five residues, one in PB2, three in PB1 and one in PA were identified to be significant for the polymerase activity change. These polymerase subunits and residues may act as part of the determining factors for the H2N2 pandemic virus. Furthermore, PB2-627 has been shown to have stringent host specificity and affect polymerase activity and viral replication. Recombinant viruses in mammalian and avian cells with random mutation were generated at this position. It showed that the amino acids at this position are not restricted to those appear in the nature for generating viable viruses. It was also observed that the avian-derived viruses generally had lower polymerase activity and reduced growth kinetics in mammalian cells, while part of the mammalian-derived viruses had lower polymerase activity and reduced growth kinetics in avian cells. This consolidated the role of PB2-627 on host specificity and demonstrated the possibility of some novel amino acids for this position, which may play a role in the future influenza pandemic. The 2009 H1N1 pandemic virus contains a reassorted vRNP with subunits of avian, human and swine origins. This prompts me to compare the polymerase activity of all the 81 possible combinations of chimeric vRNPs of three different origins. The results were statistically analyzed and several single subunit factors and interactions between vRNP subunits were identified to significantly affect the polymerase activity. In order to reduce the effort and resources required, a fractional factorial design of 27 experimental runs was developed to substitute the 81-combination full factorial design for identifying the significant single subunit factors that affect the polymerase activity. Overall, this study identified some factors that may contribute to a pandemic virus and allows us to have better understanding of the role of polymerase in a pandemic virus. These findings may contribute to evaluating the pandemic potential of the novel virus that emerges or may emerge in the nature and enhances the preparedness towards the next pandemic influenza.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshRNA polymerases-
dc.subject.lcshInfluenza viruses-
dc.subject.lcshNucleoproteins-
dc.titlePolymerase activity of chimeric polymerase : a determining factor for an influenza virus to be a pandemic strain-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4979918-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4979918-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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