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postgraduate thesis: RET transcriptional regulation by HOXB5 in Hirschsprung's disease

TitleRET transcriptional regulation by HOXB5 in Hirschsprung's disease
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhu, J. [朱江]. (2012). RET transcriptional regulation by HOXB5 in Hirschsprung's disease. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4979919
AbstractHirschsprung’s disease (HSCR) is the major enteric nervous system anomaly affecting newborns with high incidence in Asians. HSCR is a congenital complex genetic disorder characterized by a lack of enteric ganglia along a variable length of the intestine. The receptor tyrosine kinase gene (RET) is the major HSCR gene and cis-elements in the promoter and intron of RET gene are crucial for RET expression. Abnormal RET expression leading to insufficient RET activity causes defective development of the enteric nervous system and is implicated in the pathogenesis of the Hirschsprung’s disease. The human homeobox B5, HOXB5, has an important role in the development of enteric neural crest cells, and perturbation of HOXB5 signaling causes reduced RET expression and HSCR phenotypes in mice. To investigate the roles of HOXB5 in the regulation of RET expression and in the aetiology of HSCR, I sought to(i) elucidate the underlying mechanisms that HOXB5 mediates RET expression, and (ii) to examine the interactions between HOXB5 and other transcription factors including SOX10 and NKX2-1 that have been implicated in RET expression and HSCR. In this study, I demonstrated that HOXB5 binds to the RET promoter and regulates RET expression. HOXB5 and NKX2-1 forma protein complex and mediate RET expression in a synergistic manner. In contrast, HOXB5 cooperates in an additive manner with SOX10in trans-activation from RET promoter. ChIP assay further revealed that HOXB5 and NKX2-1 interact with the same chromatin region proximate to the transcription start site of RET, suggesting that these two factors may interact with each other and regulate the transcription of RET. In silico analysis, EMSA and ChIP analysis showed that HOXB5 also binds to an enhancer element (MCS+9.7)in the intron 1 of RET gene, and HSCR-associated SNPs have been identified in this enhancer element. To further access the HOXB5 trans-activity onMCS+9.7, RET mini-gene was constructed by ligating the RET promoter to the 5’and MCS+9.7 to the 3’of a luciferase gene. Luciferase assay indicated that MCS+9.7 enhances the HOXB5 trans-activation from the RET promoter. In addition, previously identified HSCR-associated SNPs inintron 1 markedly reduce the HOXB5 trans-activation from the RET mini-gene. Moreover, the result of IP-LC-MS/MS indicated that HOXB5 could form protein-protein complexes with nuclear proteins involved in the transcription initiation of genes with TATA-less promoter. This evidence suggested that HOXB5 may cooperate with other activators or co-factors in the remodeling of chromatin conformation, local histone modification and recruitment of essential transcription factors for RNA Polymerase II based transcription from TATA-less promoter, such as RET. My data indicated that HOXB5 in coordination with other transcription factors mediates RET expression. Therefore, defects in cis-or trans-regulation of RET by HOXB5 could lead to a reduction of RET expression and contribute to the manifestation of the HSCR phenotype.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectProtein-tyrosine kinase
Hirschsprung's disease - Genetic aspects
Genetic transcription - Regulation
Homeobox genes
Dept/ProgramSurgery
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193397

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Jiang-
dc.contributor.author朱江-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-31T23:09:26Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-31T23:09:26Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationZhu, J. [朱江]. (2012). RET transcriptional regulation by HOXB5 in Hirschsprung's disease. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4979919-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193397-
dc.description.abstractHirschsprung’s disease (HSCR) is the major enteric nervous system anomaly affecting newborns with high incidence in Asians. HSCR is a congenital complex genetic disorder characterized by a lack of enteric ganglia along a variable length of the intestine. The receptor tyrosine kinase gene (RET) is the major HSCR gene and cis-elements in the promoter and intron of RET gene are crucial for RET expression. Abnormal RET expression leading to insufficient RET activity causes defective development of the enteric nervous system and is implicated in the pathogenesis of the Hirschsprung’s disease. The human homeobox B5, HOXB5, has an important role in the development of enteric neural crest cells, and perturbation of HOXB5 signaling causes reduced RET expression and HSCR phenotypes in mice. To investigate the roles of HOXB5 in the regulation of RET expression and in the aetiology of HSCR, I sought to(i) elucidate the underlying mechanisms that HOXB5 mediates RET expression, and (ii) to examine the interactions between HOXB5 and other transcription factors including SOX10 and NKX2-1 that have been implicated in RET expression and HSCR. In this study, I demonstrated that HOXB5 binds to the RET promoter and regulates RET expression. HOXB5 and NKX2-1 forma protein complex and mediate RET expression in a synergistic manner. In contrast, HOXB5 cooperates in an additive manner with SOX10in trans-activation from RET promoter. ChIP assay further revealed that HOXB5 and NKX2-1 interact with the same chromatin region proximate to the transcription start site of RET, suggesting that these two factors may interact with each other and regulate the transcription of RET. In silico analysis, EMSA and ChIP analysis showed that HOXB5 also binds to an enhancer element (MCS+9.7)in the intron 1 of RET gene, and HSCR-associated SNPs have been identified in this enhancer element. To further access the HOXB5 trans-activity onMCS+9.7, RET mini-gene was constructed by ligating the RET promoter to the 5’and MCS+9.7 to the 3’of a luciferase gene. Luciferase assay indicated that MCS+9.7 enhances the HOXB5 trans-activation from the RET promoter. In addition, previously identified HSCR-associated SNPs inintron 1 markedly reduce the HOXB5 trans-activation from the RET mini-gene. Moreover, the result of IP-LC-MS/MS indicated that HOXB5 could form protein-protein complexes with nuclear proteins involved in the transcription initiation of genes with TATA-less promoter. This evidence suggested that HOXB5 may cooperate with other activators or co-factors in the remodeling of chromatin conformation, local histone modification and recruitment of essential transcription factors for RNA Polymerase II based transcription from TATA-less promoter, such as RET. My data indicated that HOXB5 in coordination with other transcription factors mediates RET expression. Therefore, defects in cis-or trans-regulation of RET by HOXB5 could lead to a reduction of RET expression and contribute to the manifestation of the HSCR phenotype.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshProtein-tyrosine kinase-
dc.subject.lcshHirschsprung's disease - Genetic aspects-
dc.subject.lcshGenetic transcription - Regulation-
dc.subject.lcshHomeobox genes-
dc.titleRET transcriptional regulation by HOXB5 in Hirschsprung's disease-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4979919-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineSurgery-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4979919-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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