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postgraduate thesis: Overexpression of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma

TitleOverexpression of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chan, H. [陳漢文]. (2012). Overexpression of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961736
AbstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common tumors worldwide. In contrast to other cancers, the prognosis of HCC is extremely poor, with less that 5% of 5-year survival rate worldwide. From our previous studies, we isolated Chromodomain Helicases/ATPase DNA binding protein1-Like (CHD1L) gene from chromosome 1q21, and characterized it as a specific oncogene in HCC. By using 2D-PAGE and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry approach, Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein (TCTP) was identified as a CHD1L target, which was preferentially expressed in CHD1L-transfected cells. TCTP is a highly conserved protein and expressed in almost all mammalian tissues. It has been reported that TCTP interacts with microtubules in a cell-cycle-dependent manner, and functions as a prosurvival factor and inhibiting apoptosis. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of HCC progression, the effect of TCTP overexpression in HCC and the mechanism by which TCTP regulated cell-cycle progression were elucidated in this study. CHD1L is a unique oncogene belongs to SNF2-like subfamily. Mechanistic studies found that CHD1L protein directly binds to the promoter region (nt -733 to -1,027) of TCTP and activated TCTP transcription. Investigation of clinical HCC specimens found that overexpression of TCTP was not only significantly associated with the advanced tumor stage (P = 0.037) and overall survival time of HCC patients (P = 0.034), but also an independent marker associated with poor prognostic outcomes. Functional studies demonstrated that TCTP has tumorigenic abilities and overexpression of TCTP contributed to the mitotic defects of tumor cells. Further mechanistic studies demonstrated that TCTP promoted the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation of Cdc25c during mitotic progression, which caused the failure in the dephosphorylation of Cdk1 on Tyr 15 and decreased Cdk1 activity. The consequence of chromosome missegregation and mitotic catastrophe results in aneuploidy, which is frequently observed in cancer. In addition, the correlation between TCTP overexpression and metastatic potential of HCC was elucidated by examined the expression levels of TCTP using a tissue microarray (TMA) containing 60 pairs of primary HCCs and their matched metastases. Further studies demonstrated that overexpression of TCTP shows high incidence of extrahepatic metastasis and positive correlation was found between TCTP and MMP-2 or MMP-9 (Spearmen correlation coefficient=0.466, and 0.352, respectively, P<0.001 for both). In vitro functional studies showed that TCTP protein associated with promoter regions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and activates their transcriptions. Molecular analyses revealed that TCTP served as a JunD coactivator and formed complexes with JunD and bind with consensus AP-1 sites on MMP-2 and MMP-9 promoters to enhance their expression in HCC cells. More importantly, high co-expression of TCTP and MMP-2 or MMP-9 was significantly associated with poor disease-free survival (log rank= 8.146, and 11.677 respectively, P =0.017 and 0.003 respectively). In summary, two novel molecular mechanisms (CDH1L/TCTP/Cdc25C/Cdk1) and (TCTP/JunD/MMP-2, MMP-9) were revealed during HCC progression and metastasis. Also, the prognostic value of TCTP and MMP-2 or MMP-9 coexpression for HCC was highlight in this study.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectTumor proteins
Oncogenes
Liver - Cancer - Genetic aspects
Dept/ProgramClinical Oncology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193056

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, Hon-man-
dc.contributor.author陳漢文-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-14T10:12:20Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-14T10:12:20Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationChan, H. [陳漢文]. (2012). Overexpression of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961736-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193056-
dc.description.abstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common tumors worldwide. In contrast to other cancers, the prognosis of HCC is extremely poor, with less that 5% of 5-year survival rate worldwide. From our previous studies, we isolated Chromodomain Helicases/ATPase DNA binding protein1-Like (CHD1L) gene from chromosome 1q21, and characterized it as a specific oncogene in HCC. By using 2D-PAGE and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry approach, Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein (TCTP) was identified as a CHD1L target, which was preferentially expressed in CHD1L-transfected cells. TCTP is a highly conserved protein and expressed in almost all mammalian tissues. It has been reported that TCTP interacts with microtubules in a cell-cycle-dependent manner, and functions as a prosurvival factor and inhibiting apoptosis. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of HCC progression, the effect of TCTP overexpression in HCC and the mechanism by which TCTP regulated cell-cycle progression were elucidated in this study. CHD1L is a unique oncogene belongs to SNF2-like subfamily. Mechanistic studies found that CHD1L protein directly binds to the promoter region (nt -733 to -1,027) of TCTP and activated TCTP transcription. Investigation of clinical HCC specimens found that overexpression of TCTP was not only significantly associated with the advanced tumor stage (P = 0.037) and overall survival time of HCC patients (P = 0.034), but also an independent marker associated with poor prognostic outcomes. Functional studies demonstrated that TCTP has tumorigenic abilities and overexpression of TCTP contributed to the mitotic defects of tumor cells. Further mechanistic studies demonstrated that TCTP promoted the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation of Cdc25c during mitotic progression, which caused the failure in the dephosphorylation of Cdk1 on Tyr 15 and decreased Cdk1 activity. The consequence of chromosome missegregation and mitotic catastrophe results in aneuploidy, which is frequently observed in cancer. In addition, the correlation between TCTP overexpression and metastatic potential of HCC was elucidated by examined the expression levels of TCTP using a tissue microarray (TMA) containing 60 pairs of primary HCCs and their matched metastases. Further studies demonstrated that overexpression of TCTP shows high incidence of extrahepatic metastasis and positive correlation was found between TCTP and MMP-2 or MMP-9 (Spearmen correlation coefficient=0.466, and 0.352, respectively, P<0.001 for both). In vitro functional studies showed that TCTP protein associated with promoter regions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and activates their transcriptions. Molecular analyses revealed that TCTP served as a JunD coactivator and formed complexes with JunD and bind with consensus AP-1 sites on MMP-2 and MMP-9 promoters to enhance their expression in HCC cells. More importantly, high co-expression of TCTP and MMP-2 or MMP-9 was significantly associated with poor disease-free survival (log rank= 8.146, and 11.677 respectively, P =0.017 and 0.003 respectively). In summary, two novel molecular mechanisms (CDH1L/TCTP/Cdc25C/Cdk1) and (TCTP/JunD/MMP-2, MMP-9) were revealed during HCC progression and metastasis. Also, the prognostic value of TCTP and MMP-2 or MMP-9 coexpression for HCC was highlight in this study.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshTumor proteins-
dc.subject.lcshOncogenes-
dc.subject.lcshLiver - Cancer - Genetic aspects-
dc.titleOverexpression of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) predisposes to hepatocellular carcinoma-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4961736-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineClinical Oncology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4961736-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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