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postgraduate thesis: Evidence-based clinical guidelines for applying topical anaesthetics to reduce injection pain in healthy children

TitleEvidence-based clinical guidelines for applying topical anaesthetics to reduce injection pain in healthy children
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chan, Y. [陳如倩]. (2013). Evidence-based clinical guidelines for applying topical anaesthetics to reduce injection pain in healthy children. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088255
AbstractAccording to the World Health Organization, life-threatening infectious diseases, even in remote and vulnerable locations, can be minimised through immunisation. Vaccines interact with the immune system to produce an immune response similar to that produced by natural infection. However, about 10% of the population avoid vaccination and other needle procedures because of “needle fear”. Because of the prevalence of injection pain and more concern about the adequacy of pain management, and with the steadily increasing number of recommended childhood immunisation, we identified a need for evidence-based guidelines on pain management to be developed in our local setting through translational nursing practice. After a critical appraisal of randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews, it is highly recommended that “topical anaesthetics are effective in reducing vaccination pain” (Grade A recommendation, based on level I evidence by SIGN). In order to facilitate practice from evidence, the implementation potential, transferability, feasibility and cost-benefit ratio - has been examined, and an evidence-based guideline has been developed simultaneously for the new practice. With the identification of stakeholders and the development of a communication plan, potential users of the guideline and pilot testing are discussed. Innovation outcomes and their effectiveness are examined and explored. It is expected that, through this translational nursing practice, vaccination induced pain and distress among healthy children can be managed well, according to the best evidence and up-to-date recommendations.
DegreeMaster of Nursing
SubjectPain - Treatment
Pediatric anesthesia
Dept/ProgramNursing Studies
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193045

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChan, Yue-sin-
dc.contributor.author陳如倩-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-14T10:12:18Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-14T10:12:18Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationChan, Y. [陳如倩]. (2013). Evidence-based clinical guidelines for applying topical anaesthetics to reduce injection pain in healthy children. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088255-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193045-
dc.description.abstractAccording to the World Health Organization, life-threatening infectious diseases, even in remote and vulnerable locations, can be minimised through immunisation. Vaccines interact with the immune system to produce an immune response similar to that produced by natural infection. However, about 10% of the population avoid vaccination and other needle procedures because of “needle fear”. Because of the prevalence of injection pain and more concern about the adequacy of pain management, and with the steadily increasing number of recommended childhood immunisation, we identified a need for evidence-based guidelines on pain management to be developed in our local setting through translational nursing practice. After a critical appraisal of randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews, it is highly recommended that “topical anaesthetics are effective in reducing vaccination pain” (Grade A recommendation, based on level I evidence by SIGN). In order to facilitate practice from evidence, the implementation potential, transferability, feasibility and cost-benefit ratio - has been examined, and an evidence-based guideline has been developed simultaneously for the new practice. With the identification of stakeholders and the development of a communication plan, potential users of the guideline and pilot testing are discussed. Innovation outcomes and their effectiveness are examined and explored. It is expected that, through this translational nursing practice, vaccination induced pain and distress among healthy children can be managed well, according to the best evidence and up-to-date recommendations.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshPain - Treatment-
dc.subject.lcshPediatric anesthesia-
dc.titleEvidence-based clinical guidelines for applying topical anaesthetics to reduce injection pain in healthy children-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5088255-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Nursing-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineNursing Studies-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5088255-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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