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postgraduate thesis: Use of occlusive wrap to prevent hypothermia in premature infants immediately after birth

TitleUse of occlusive wrap to prevent hypothermia in premature infants immediately after birth
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yau, C. [邱靜雯]. (2013). Use of occlusive wrap to prevent hypothermia in premature infants immediately after birth. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088511
AbstractHypothermia at birth is strongly associated with mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. Unfortunately, infants are prone to hypothermia immediately after birth. A large proportion of preterm infants, especially those of gestational age at less than 30 weeks, experience different levels of hypothermia. A frequently used possible preventive measure is the application of an occlusive wrap immediately after birth. However, no systematic review on this preventive measure supports its translation into practice. This dissertation aimed to evaluate the current evidence on the application of occlusive warp for preterm infants. Four electronic databases, Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL, and Medline, were searched. Eight studies met the inclusion criteria of this dissertation. Data were extracted and the quality of the included studies was evaluated by the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Six studies were graded as high quality studies and showed that occlusive wrapping significantly prevented the incidence of hypothermia among the preterm infants smaller than 30 weeks. An evidence-based Superwarm guideline was developed, which was deemed to be transferable to the local setting of neonatal intensive care unit with similar target clients and philosophy of care as with those in the identified studies. Also, the proposed innovation was considered to be feasible after examination of staff competency, resources, and approval methods. The potential benefits to preterm infants, nurses, and also the hospital were high, and risks to the patient were minimal. The estimated set-up cost including manpower and consumable cost was $1,720, and the running cost was also $1,720 per year. A 12 -month implementation program scheduled including communication with stakeholders, training to the frontline nurses, and a pilot of the guideline. Patient outcomes will be measured by admission temperature, temperature one hour after admission, and mortality rate. Healthcare provider outcomes include compliance rate, workload, acceptance of the proposed guideline, job satisfaction, knowledge, and skill enhancement in thermoregulation of the preterm infants. The quality of patient care was also considered in the system outcomes. Guideline effectiveness will be evaluated by the increase in admission temperature, nurse and physician satisfaction, and controlled program expenditure.
DegreeMaster of Nursing
SubjectPremature infants - Care
Hypothermia - Prevention
Dept/ProgramNursing Studies
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193042

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYau, Ching-man-
dc.contributor.author邱靜雯-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-14T10:12:17Z-
dc.date.available2013-12-14T10:12:17Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationYau, C. [邱靜雯]. (2013). Use of occlusive wrap to prevent hypothermia in premature infants immediately after birth. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5088511-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/193042-
dc.description.abstractHypothermia at birth is strongly associated with mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. Unfortunately, infants are prone to hypothermia immediately after birth. A large proportion of preterm infants, especially those of gestational age at less than 30 weeks, experience different levels of hypothermia. A frequently used possible preventive measure is the application of an occlusive wrap immediately after birth. However, no systematic review on this preventive measure supports its translation into practice. This dissertation aimed to evaluate the current evidence on the application of occlusive warp for preterm infants. Four electronic databases, Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL, and Medline, were searched. Eight studies met the inclusion criteria of this dissertation. Data were extracted and the quality of the included studies was evaluated by the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Six studies were graded as high quality studies and showed that occlusive wrapping significantly prevented the incidence of hypothermia among the preterm infants smaller than 30 weeks. An evidence-based Superwarm guideline was developed, which was deemed to be transferable to the local setting of neonatal intensive care unit with similar target clients and philosophy of care as with those in the identified studies. Also, the proposed innovation was considered to be feasible after examination of staff competency, resources, and approval methods. The potential benefits to preterm infants, nurses, and also the hospital were high, and risks to the patient were minimal. The estimated set-up cost including manpower and consumable cost was $1,720, and the running cost was also $1,720 per year. A 12 -month implementation program scheduled including communication with stakeholders, training to the frontline nurses, and a pilot of the guideline. Patient outcomes will be measured by admission temperature, temperature one hour after admission, and mortality rate. Healthcare provider outcomes include compliance rate, workload, acceptance of the proposed guideline, job satisfaction, knowledge, and skill enhancement in thermoregulation of the preterm infants. The quality of patient care was also considered in the system outcomes. Guideline effectiveness will be evaluated by the increase in admission temperature, nurse and physician satisfaction, and controlled program expenditure.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshPremature infants - Care-
dc.subject.lcshHypothermia - Prevention-
dc.titleUse of occlusive wrap to prevent hypothermia in premature infants immediately after birth-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5088511-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Nursing-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineNursing Studies-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5088511-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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