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postgraduate thesis: Effects of limestone fines on performance of concrete

TitleEffects of limestone fines on performance of concrete
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Kwan, AKH
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Mckinley, M. [麥兒]. (2013). Effects of limestone fines on performance of concrete. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5090011
AbstractThe production of high-performance concrete having all-rounded high performance has been promoted for the last few decades. Meanwhile, environmental concerns have quested for minimizing cement consumption to reduce carbon footprint. However, contradictory requirements are often imposed on the mix parameters in order to satisfy all the required performance attributes and environmental limitations. The addition of inert fillers such as limestone fines (LF) is a promising way to overcome these difficulties. In this thesis, the packing density and overall performance of mortar and concrete containing different amounts of LF are investigated. The test results revealed that blending of fine aggregate with LF or with both LF and cement could significantly increase the packing density because the LF and cement particles are much smaller than the aggregate particles and are thus able to fill into the voids between the aggregate particles. However, LF with similar fineness as cement has no filling effect for increasing the packing density when added to cement to a mortar mix in which the powder content is already enough to fill the voids between aggregate particles. Its filling effect is contributed mainly by filling into the paste to increase the paste volume. In fact, the addition of LF to mortar would slightly decrease the packing density, significantly decrease the water film thickness (WFT) and significantly increase the paste film thickness (PFT). The actual effects of LF volume on the packing density, WFT and PFT are dependent on the cement paste volume. In-depth analysis of the test results showed that the apparently complicated effects of the LF volume are caused by the corresponding changes in the WFT and PFT of the mortar. The overall effects of LF are dependent on the net outcome of the decrease in WFT and the increase in PFT due to the addition of LF. The addition of LF would increase the flow spread when the WFT is relatively large as the decrease in WFT has smaller effect than the increase in PFT, increase the cohesiveness when the LF volume is relatively small as the decrease in WFT has greater effect and increase the early strength provided the WFT would not become too small. However, the addition of LF would always decrease the flow rate because the decrease in WFT always has greater effect than the increase in PFT. Finally, the possible use of LF as cement paste replacement to reduce cement paste volume is studied. From the correlation of the ultimate shrinkage strain to the cement paste volume and W/C ratio, and to the concrete strength and cement paste volume, it may be concluded that cement paste replacement by the addition of LF would reduce the shrinkage of concrete by both decreasing the cement paste volume and increasing the concrete strength. Moreover, since the reduction in cement paste volume would allow less cement to be used, this would also lead to the production of concrete more ecological. More research on this possible usage of various inert fillers with different fineness is recommended.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectHigh strength concrete.
Dept/ProgramCivil Engineering
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192866

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorKwan, AKH-
dc.contributor.authorMckinley, Max.-
dc.contributor.author麥兒.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-24T02:01:17Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-24T02:01:17Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationMckinley, M. [麥兒]. (2013). Effects of limestone fines on performance of concrete. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5090011-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192866-
dc.description.abstractThe production of high-performance concrete having all-rounded high performance has been promoted for the last few decades. Meanwhile, environmental concerns have quested for minimizing cement consumption to reduce carbon footprint. However, contradictory requirements are often imposed on the mix parameters in order to satisfy all the required performance attributes and environmental limitations. The addition of inert fillers such as limestone fines (LF) is a promising way to overcome these difficulties. In this thesis, the packing density and overall performance of mortar and concrete containing different amounts of LF are investigated. The test results revealed that blending of fine aggregate with LF or with both LF and cement could significantly increase the packing density because the LF and cement particles are much smaller than the aggregate particles and are thus able to fill into the voids between the aggregate particles. However, LF with similar fineness as cement has no filling effect for increasing the packing density when added to cement to a mortar mix in which the powder content is already enough to fill the voids between aggregate particles. Its filling effect is contributed mainly by filling into the paste to increase the paste volume. In fact, the addition of LF to mortar would slightly decrease the packing density, significantly decrease the water film thickness (WFT) and significantly increase the paste film thickness (PFT). The actual effects of LF volume on the packing density, WFT and PFT are dependent on the cement paste volume. In-depth analysis of the test results showed that the apparently complicated effects of the LF volume are caused by the corresponding changes in the WFT and PFT of the mortar. The overall effects of LF are dependent on the net outcome of the decrease in WFT and the increase in PFT due to the addition of LF. The addition of LF would increase the flow spread when the WFT is relatively large as the decrease in WFT has smaller effect than the increase in PFT, increase the cohesiveness when the LF volume is relatively small as the decrease in WFT has greater effect and increase the early strength provided the WFT would not become too small. However, the addition of LF would always decrease the flow rate because the decrease in WFT always has greater effect than the increase in PFT. Finally, the possible use of LF as cement paste replacement to reduce cement paste volume is studied. From the correlation of the ultimate shrinkage strain to the cement paste volume and W/C ratio, and to the concrete strength and cement paste volume, it may be concluded that cement paste replacement by the addition of LF would reduce the shrinkage of concrete by both decreasing the cement paste volume and increasing the concrete strength. Moreover, since the reduction in cement paste volume would allow less cement to be used, this would also lead to the production of concrete more ecological. More research on this possible usage of various inert fillers with different fineness is recommended.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50900110-
dc.subject.lcshHigh strength concrete.-
dc.titleEffects of limestone fines on performance of concrete-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5090011-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCivil Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5090011-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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