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postgraduate thesis: Theoretical studies of correlation effects in graphene and graphene layers

TitleTheoretical studies of correlation effects in graphene and graphene layers
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Zhang, F
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yuan, J. [袁杰]. (2013). Theoretical studies of correlation effects in graphene and graphene layers. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5089969
AbstractThis thesis discusses correlation effects in graphene and bilayer graphene. The discovery of graphene was awarded 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics. Graphene is one of the most intriguing topics around the world. Its flexibilities make it a very promising material in device physics. From theoretical point of view, graphene connects condensed matter physics to quantum field theory, and is an excellent candidate for model studies. Furthermore, it stimulates researches in low-dimensional electron systems. Bilayer graphene is an interesting variant of graphene, and is one of the new directions in developing low-dimensional systems. Due to honeycomb lattice symmetry, the low-energy effective Hamiltonian of a graphene is described by gapless Dirac equation a(_σ^→).p round K(K^1) point. In this thesis, symmetry of Dirac equation is reviewed. In graphene, there are four copies of gapless Dirac equations. In addition, spin-orbit couplings are also discussed by using point-group techniques. We calculate screening and collective modes by using lattice Green's functions within random phase approximations. Some typical models on honeycomb lattice are reviewed, including Haldane model and Kane-Mele model. Interaction effects are further discussed within the Hubbard and extended models. It is reported there are some interesting phases both in doped and undoped cases. Graphene ribbons are also discussed in this thesis: zigzag ribbons and armchair ones. We investigate the attractive-U Kane-Mele-Hubbard model by using a mean-field theory, and find strong superconducting correlations along the edge, analogous to edge magnetism in positive U case. We investigate mesoscopic spin Hall effect on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator using McMillan Green's function techniques, and discuss the robustness of edge states and stabilities against interactions in topological insulator. Bilayer graphene is also investigated. Our study follows the recent experiments and theoretical proposals. As suggested by previous works, quantum spin Hall state and layer antiferromagnetic state are two most possible candidates of the ground state. We propose by tiny doping, a half-metallic state can be realized based on layer antiferromagnetic state. The responses to in-plane and perpendicular magnetic fields are also reviewed.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectGraphene.
Dept/ProgramPhysics
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192824

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorZhang, F-
dc.contributor.authorYuan, Jie-
dc.contributor.author袁杰-
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-24T02:00:59Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-24T02:00:59Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationYuan, J. [袁杰]. (2013). Theoretical studies of correlation effects in graphene and graphene layers. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5089969-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192824-
dc.description.abstractThis thesis discusses correlation effects in graphene and bilayer graphene. The discovery of graphene was awarded 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics. Graphene is one of the most intriguing topics around the world. Its flexibilities make it a very promising material in device physics. From theoretical point of view, graphene connects condensed matter physics to quantum field theory, and is an excellent candidate for model studies. Furthermore, it stimulates researches in low-dimensional electron systems. Bilayer graphene is an interesting variant of graphene, and is one of the new directions in developing low-dimensional systems. Due to honeycomb lattice symmetry, the low-energy effective Hamiltonian of a graphene is described by gapless Dirac equation a(_σ^→).p round K(K^1) point. In this thesis, symmetry of Dirac equation is reviewed. In graphene, there are four copies of gapless Dirac equations. In addition, spin-orbit couplings are also discussed by using point-group techniques. We calculate screening and collective modes by using lattice Green's functions within random phase approximations. Some typical models on honeycomb lattice are reviewed, including Haldane model and Kane-Mele model. Interaction effects are further discussed within the Hubbard and extended models. It is reported there are some interesting phases both in doped and undoped cases. Graphene ribbons are also discussed in this thesis: zigzag ribbons and armchair ones. We investigate the attractive-U Kane-Mele-Hubbard model by using a mean-field theory, and find strong superconducting correlations along the edge, analogous to edge magnetism in positive U case. We investigate mesoscopic spin Hall effect on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator using McMillan Green's function techniques, and discuss the robustness of edge states and stabilities against interactions in topological insulator. Bilayer graphene is also investigated. Our study follows the recent experiments and theoretical proposals. As suggested by previous works, quantum spin Hall state and layer antiferromagnetic state are two most possible candidates of the ground state. We propose by tiny doping, a half-metallic state can be realized based on layer antiferromagnetic state. The responses to in-plane and perpendicular magnetic fields are also reviewed.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50899697-
dc.subject.lcshGraphene.-
dc.titleTheoretical studies of correlation effects in graphene and graphene layers-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5089969-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePhysics-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5089969-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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