File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Electro-chemo-mechanics of anodic porous alumina nano-honeycombs: self-ordered growth and actuation

TitleElectro-chemo-mechanics of anodic porous alumina nano-honeycombs: self-ordered growth and actuation
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Ngan, AHW
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Cheng, C. [程川]. (2013). Electro-chemo-mechanics of anodic porous alumina nano-honeycombs : self-ordered growth and actuation. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5089958
AbstractSelf-ordered anodic porous alumina with a nano-honeycomb structure has recently been extensively used as templates for the synthesis of various nanomaterials for diverse applications. However, due to the insufficient knowledge on the combined electro-chemo-mechanical processes, the formation mechanism of self-ordering has been under debate for decades without clear conclusions. Also, fast fabrication of highly self-ordered and mechanically stable anodic porous alumina is still a challenge. Furthermore, the actuation behavior of anodic porous alumina upon external mechanical and electrical triggering in an electrochemical cell has not been exploited. In this work, firstly, we investigated the self-ordering mechanism by establishing a kinetics model involving the Laplacian electric potential distribution and a continuity equation for current density within the oxide body. Current densities governed by the Cabrera-Mott equation are formed by ion migration within the oxide as well as across the interfaces. The pore channel growth, due to electric-field-assisted reactions, is governed by Faraday’s law. Real-time evolution of pre-patterned pore channel growth was simulated in two-dimensional cases by finite element method. The simulations revealed a parameter domain within which pre-patterned pore channels will continue to grow in a stable manner during the subsequent anodization if the pre-patterns are commensurate with the self-ordered configurations, or these are driven into stable if the pre-patterns do not initially match the self-ordered configurations. This was verified in experimentally observed pore channel growth under the guidance of pre-patterns made by focused-ion-beam milling. Furthermore, the simulations revealed that ionization reaction on (001) oriented Al grain is relatively easier than that on (101) grain, which results in stable and unstable pore channel growth on (001) and (101) Al grains, respectively, both of which were observed from the simulations and experiments. Secondly, a scheme on quantitative evaluation of self-ordering qualities in anodic porous alumina has been developed, based on which we systematically searched the optimum self-ordering conditions, by varying the key anodization factors, including substrate grain orientation, electrolyte concentration, temperature, voltage, and time. A high acid concentration and high temperature anodization method was found. Compared with conventional methods, the present method can realize fast formation of highly self-ordered, and mechanically stable anodic porous alumina under a continuous range of anodization voltage with tunable interpore distances. Thirdly, reversible bending was found in anodic porous alumina-Al composites upon cyclic electric actuation, as directly observed by an optical microscope and detected by in situ nanoindentation. The bending is thought to be the result of charge-induced surface stresses in the nanoporous alumina. The results suggest a new type of composite materials for applications as micro-scale actuators to transform electrical energy into mechanical energy. Furthermore, the composite exhibits significant softening during in situ nanoindentation when the estimated maximum stress underneath the indenter is exerted on the metal/oxide interface. Softening was further verified by in situ microindentation. Electron microscopy examination indicated that the softening is due to a combination of high compression stress and electric field acting near the interface, which enhance ionization reaction and cause the interface to move faster into the substrate.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectAluminum - Anodic oxidation.
Nanostructured materials - Mechanical properties.
Dept/ProgramMechanical Engineering
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192813

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorNgan, AHW-
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Chuan-
dc.contributor.author程川-
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-24T02:00:46Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-24T02:00:46Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationCheng, C. [程川]. (2013). Electro-chemo-mechanics of anodic porous alumina nano-honeycombs : self-ordered growth and actuation. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5089958-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192813-
dc.description.abstractSelf-ordered anodic porous alumina with a nano-honeycomb structure has recently been extensively used as templates for the synthesis of various nanomaterials for diverse applications. However, due to the insufficient knowledge on the combined electro-chemo-mechanical processes, the formation mechanism of self-ordering has been under debate for decades without clear conclusions. Also, fast fabrication of highly self-ordered and mechanically stable anodic porous alumina is still a challenge. Furthermore, the actuation behavior of anodic porous alumina upon external mechanical and electrical triggering in an electrochemical cell has not been exploited. In this work, firstly, we investigated the self-ordering mechanism by establishing a kinetics model involving the Laplacian electric potential distribution and a continuity equation for current density within the oxide body. Current densities governed by the Cabrera-Mott equation are formed by ion migration within the oxide as well as across the interfaces. The pore channel growth, due to electric-field-assisted reactions, is governed by Faraday’s law. Real-time evolution of pre-patterned pore channel growth was simulated in two-dimensional cases by finite element method. The simulations revealed a parameter domain within which pre-patterned pore channels will continue to grow in a stable manner during the subsequent anodization if the pre-patterns are commensurate with the self-ordered configurations, or these are driven into stable if the pre-patterns do not initially match the self-ordered configurations. This was verified in experimentally observed pore channel growth under the guidance of pre-patterns made by focused-ion-beam milling. Furthermore, the simulations revealed that ionization reaction on (001) oriented Al grain is relatively easier than that on (101) grain, which results in stable and unstable pore channel growth on (001) and (101) Al grains, respectively, both of which were observed from the simulations and experiments. Secondly, a scheme on quantitative evaluation of self-ordering qualities in anodic porous alumina has been developed, based on which we systematically searched the optimum self-ordering conditions, by varying the key anodization factors, including substrate grain orientation, electrolyte concentration, temperature, voltage, and time. A high acid concentration and high temperature anodization method was found. Compared with conventional methods, the present method can realize fast formation of highly self-ordered, and mechanically stable anodic porous alumina under a continuous range of anodization voltage with tunable interpore distances. Thirdly, reversible bending was found in anodic porous alumina-Al composites upon cyclic electric actuation, as directly observed by an optical microscope and detected by in situ nanoindentation. The bending is thought to be the result of charge-induced surface stresses in the nanoporous alumina. The results suggest a new type of composite materials for applications as micro-scale actuators to transform electrical energy into mechanical energy. Furthermore, the composite exhibits significant softening during in situ nanoindentation when the estimated maximum stress underneath the indenter is exerted on the metal/oxide interface. Softening was further verified by in situ microindentation. Electron microscopy examination indicated that the softening is due to a combination of high compression stress and electric field acting near the interface, which enhance ionization reaction and cause the interface to move faster into the substrate.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50899582-
dc.subject.lcshAluminum - Anodic oxidation.-
dc.subject.lcshNanostructured materials - Mechanical properties.-
dc.titleElectro-chemo-mechanics of anodic porous alumina nano-honeycombs: self-ordered growth and actuation-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5089958-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMechanical Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5089958-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats