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postgraduate thesis: Sorbitol dehydrogenase does not contribute to the ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative stress and retinal injury

TitleSorbitol dehydrogenase does not contribute to the ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative stress and retinal injury
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Tong, M. [湯文傑]. (2013). Sorbitol dehydrogenase does not contribute to the ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative stress and retinal injury. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5071282
AbstractDiabetic retinopathy (DR) was characterized by numerous hyperglycemia-dependent cellular and pathological changes in the retina, including retinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. To determine the role of the 2nd enzyme of polyol pathway in relation with the pathogenesis in ischemic retinopathy, SDH deficient mice, C57BL/LiA, that lacked SDH activity, was used to study the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy, which also included I/R injury. Wild type and SDH-deficient mice were subjected to I/R injury by transiently occluding middle cerebral artery for two hours and twenty-two hour of reperfusion. The rationale of this study was to investigate the effect by blocking the conversion of sorbitol to fructose by SDH null mutation (SDH -/-), leading to accumulation of sorbitol level and reduction of oxidative stress, as demonstrated by the polyol pathway. Results: After induction with transient MCAO, there was increase in the thickness of OLM to ILM ipsilateral SDH+/+ compared with contralateral SDH+/+ (from 84 +/- 1 to 96 +/- 2 μm) while that of ipsilateral SDH-/- compared with contralateral SDH -/- (from 77 +/- 2 to 90 +/- 2 μm) suggested that there was edema after ischemic reperfusion injury. The result showed that there was increased cellular edema in ipsilateral retina of both SDH +/+ and SDH -/- retina after transient MCAO. The level of immunoreactivity against Aquaporin-4 and nitrotyrosine in studying the presence of oxidative stress; glutamine synthetase and glutamate in studying the toxicity of astrocyte glutamate; sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) in studying the regulation Ca2+ homeostasis was determined using immunohistochemistry. For all the antibodies, there was similar immunoreactivity level between the contralateral side of both SDH+/+ and SDH -/- mice. For the SDH+/+ group, there was increase in signal in the ipsilateral retina in comparison with the contralateral one. On the other hand, for the SDH-/- group, similar result was observed. There was increase in signal and it was found more in the ipsilateral retina in comparison with the contralateral retina. Finally, in the ipsilateral retina of both SDH +/+ and SDH -/- mice, increased immunoreactivity was found in both but their difference was not statistically significant. This concluded that SDH deletion and subsequent accumulation of sorbitol metabolites did not contribute significantly in the role of pathogenesis of ischemic retinopathy especially in mice after I/R injury.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectSorbitol.
Dehydrogenases.
Oxidative stress.
Diabetic retinopathy.
Retina - Diseases - Pathogenesis.
Dept/ProgramAnatomy
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192786

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTong, Man-kit.-
dc.contributor.author湯文傑.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-24T02:00:24Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-24T02:00:24Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationTong, M. [湯文傑]. (2013). Sorbitol dehydrogenase does not contribute to the ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative stress and retinal injury. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5071282-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192786-
dc.description.abstractDiabetic retinopathy (DR) was characterized by numerous hyperglycemia-dependent cellular and pathological changes in the retina, including retinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. To determine the role of the 2nd enzyme of polyol pathway in relation with the pathogenesis in ischemic retinopathy, SDH deficient mice, C57BL/LiA, that lacked SDH activity, was used to study the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy, which also included I/R injury. Wild type and SDH-deficient mice were subjected to I/R injury by transiently occluding middle cerebral artery for two hours and twenty-two hour of reperfusion. The rationale of this study was to investigate the effect by blocking the conversion of sorbitol to fructose by SDH null mutation (SDH -/-), leading to accumulation of sorbitol level and reduction of oxidative stress, as demonstrated by the polyol pathway. Results: After induction with transient MCAO, there was increase in the thickness of OLM to ILM ipsilateral SDH+/+ compared with contralateral SDH+/+ (from 84 +/- 1 to 96 +/- 2 μm) while that of ipsilateral SDH-/- compared with contralateral SDH -/- (from 77 +/- 2 to 90 +/- 2 μm) suggested that there was edema after ischemic reperfusion injury. The result showed that there was increased cellular edema in ipsilateral retina of both SDH +/+ and SDH -/- retina after transient MCAO. The level of immunoreactivity against Aquaporin-4 and nitrotyrosine in studying the presence of oxidative stress; glutamine synthetase and glutamate in studying the toxicity of astrocyte glutamate; sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) in studying the regulation Ca2+ homeostasis was determined using immunohistochemistry. For all the antibodies, there was similar immunoreactivity level between the contralateral side of both SDH+/+ and SDH -/- mice. For the SDH+/+ group, there was increase in signal in the ipsilateral retina in comparison with the contralateral one. On the other hand, for the SDH-/- group, similar result was observed. There was increase in signal and it was found more in the ipsilateral retina in comparison with the contralateral retina. Finally, in the ipsilateral retina of both SDH +/+ and SDH -/- mice, increased immunoreactivity was found in both but their difference was not statistically significant. This concluded that SDH deletion and subsequent accumulation of sorbitol metabolites did not contribute significantly in the role of pathogenesis of ischemic retinopathy especially in mice after I/R injury.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50712822-
dc.subject.lcshSorbitol.-
dc.subject.lcshDehydrogenases.-
dc.subject.lcshOxidative stress.-
dc.subject.lcshDiabetic retinopathy.-
dc.subject.lcshRetina - Diseases - Pathogenesis.-
dc.titleSorbitol dehydrogenase does not contribute to the ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative stress and retinal injury-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5071282-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineAnatomy-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5071282-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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