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Conference Paper: Influence of parental factors on children oral health status

TitleInfluence of parental factors on children oral health status
Authors
KeywordsBehavioral science
Biostatistics
Children
Epidemiology and Oral health
Issue Date2013
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925
Citation
The 2nd Meeting of the International Association of Dental Research - Asia Pacific Region (IADR-APR), Bangkok, Thailand, 21-23 August 2013. In Journal of Dental Research, 2013, v. 92 n. Special Issue B: abstract no. 396 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: To investigate the influence of parental factors on the child’s oral health status (OHS). Method: Home visits were made to selected families with a child at age 5-7 years in Hong Kong. The father and mother separately completed a questionnaire regarding his/her own oral health knowledge and attitudes (OHKA) and oral health behaviours (OHB). Another questionnaire about parent’s OHKA towards the child and the child’s OHB was completed by one of the parents. Clinical examinations were conducted by one calibrated examiner to assess the OHS of all subjects including oral hygiene, tooth, and periodontal status. Structural Equation model (SEM) was used to assess the influence of parental factors on the child’s OHS. Result: 432 families with 359 fathers, 419 mothers and 432 children participated. Since the OHKA, OHB and OHS between the father and mother were highly correlated, only data of one parent was used to assess their influence on the child’s OHS. In order to obtain a larger sample size, data from the mother-child pair was used. From the SEM, it was found that better socio-economic status of mothers (MSES) led to better OHKA towards themselves (γ=0.75, p<0.05) and also towards their children (POHKA) (γ=0.44, p<0.05). Better POHKA led to more positive oral health behaviors of the children (COHB) (β=0.40, p<0.05). Mothers’ positive oral health behaviors (MOHB) also led to positive COHB (β=0.60, p<0.05). Positive COHB led to better oral health status of the children (COHS) (β=-0.48, p<0.05). The mothers’ oral health status (MOHS) did not show significant relationship with COHS. The explained variance of the child’s OHS was 26.3%. Conclusion: Children’s oral health status was directly affected by their own oral health behaviors and indirectly by their mother’s socio-economic status, oral health knowledge, attitudes, and oral health behaviors.
DescriptionConference Theme: We are the Future
Oral Presentation
Session 19: O14
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192578
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, MCMen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-18T05:06:48Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-18T05:06:48Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 2nd Meeting of the International Association of Dental Research - Asia Pacific Region (IADR-APR), Bangkok, Thailand, 21-23 August 2013. In Journal of Dental Research, 2013, v. 92 n. Special Issue B: abstract no. 396en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192578-
dc.descriptionConference Theme: We are the Future-
dc.descriptionOral Presentation-
dc.descriptionSession 19: O14-
dc.description.abstractObjective: To investigate the influence of parental factors on the child’s oral health status (OHS). Method: Home visits were made to selected families with a child at age 5-7 years in Hong Kong. The father and mother separately completed a questionnaire regarding his/her own oral health knowledge and attitudes (OHKA) and oral health behaviours (OHB). Another questionnaire about parent’s OHKA towards the child and the child’s OHB was completed by one of the parents. Clinical examinations were conducted by one calibrated examiner to assess the OHS of all subjects including oral hygiene, tooth, and periodontal status. Structural Equation model (SEM) was used to assess the influence of parental factors on the child’s OHS. Result: 432 families with 359 fathers, 419 mothers and 432 children participated. Since the OHKA, OHB and OHS between the father and mother were highly correlated, only data of one parent was used to assess their influence on the child’s OHS. In order to obtain a larger sample size, data from the mother-child pair was used. From the SEM, it was found that better socio-economic status of mothers (MSES) led to better OHKA towards themselves (γ=0.75, p<0.05) and also towards their children (POHKA) (γ=0.44, p<0.05). Better POHKA led to more positive oral health behaviors of the children (COHB) (β=0.40, p<0.05). Mothers’ positive oral health behaviors (MOHB) also led to positive COHB (β=0.60, p<0.05). Positive COHB led to better oral health status of the children (COHS) (β=-0.48, p<0.05). The mothers’ oral health status (MOHS) did not show significant relationship with COHS. The explained variance of the child’s OHS was 26.3%. Conclusion: Children’s oral health status was directly affected by their own oral health behaviors and indirectly by their mother’s socio-economic status, oral health knowledge, attitudes, and oral health behaviors.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Researchen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.subjectBehavioral science-
dc.subjectBiostatistics-
dc.subjectChildren-
dc.subjectEpidemiology and Oral health-
dc.titleInfluence of parental factors on children oral health statusen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, MCM: mcmwong@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM: hrdplcm@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, MCM=rp00024en_US
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros226808en_US
dc.identifier.volume92en_US
dc.identifier.issueSpecial Issue B: abstract no. 396en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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