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Article: Acoustic characteristics of three-year-olds' correct and incorrect monosyllabic Mandarin lexical tone productions

TitleAcoustic characteristics of three-year-olds' correct and incorrect monosyllabic Mandarin lexical tone productions
Authors
Issue Date2012
Citation
Journal of Phonetics, 2012, v. 40 n. 1, p. 141-151 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study aimed to provide insights into children's development of lexical tone production by combining both perceptual and acoustic analyses. Duration and fundamental frequency analyses were performed on the monosyllabic Mandarin lexical tones produced by the 13 three-year-old children and four female adults reported in Wong, Schwartz, and Jenkins (2005). Seven acoustic parameters that strongly associated with the tonal judgments of 10 Mandarin-speaking judges were identified. Qualitative differences of the seven parameters in adult correct, child correct, and child incorrect tone productions were compared and interpreted with reference to the perception data. The results confirmed that three-year-old children do not produce adult-like tones in isolated monosyllabic words. Even children's tones that are correctly categorized by adult listeners are phonetically different than adults' tones. The four tones from the most to the least adult-like are Tone 4 (Falling), Tone 1 (High Level), Tone 2 (Rising), and Tone 3 (Falling–Rising), perhaps corresponding to the complexity of speech motor control for producing these tones. Children demonstrate more difficulties producing low fundamental frequencies than high fundamental frequencies. The findings support the position that tone acquisition is a protracted process, which may be affected by production complexities.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192205
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.227
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.211
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, Pen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-23T09:28:06Z-
dc.date.available2013-10-23T09:28:06Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Phonetics, 2012, v. 40 n. 1, p. 141-151en_US
dc.identifier.issn0095-4470en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/192205-
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to provide insights into children's development of lexical tone production by combining both perceptual and acoustic analyses. Duration and fundamental frequency analyses were performed on the monosyllabic Mandarin lexical tones produced by the 13 three-year-old children and four female adults reported in Wong, Schwartz, and Jenkins (2005). Seven acoustic parameters that strongly associated with the tonal judgments of 10 Mandarin-speaking judges were identified. Qualitative differences of the seven parameters in adult correct, child correct, and child incorrect tone productions were compared and interpreted with reference to the perception data. The results confirmed that three-year-old children do not produce adult-like tones in isolated monosyllabic words. Even children's tones that are correctly categorized by adult listeners are phonetically different than adults' tones. The four tones from the most to the least adult-like are Tone 4 (Falling), Tone 1 (High Level), Tone 2 (Rising), and Tone 3 (Falling–Rising), perhaps corresponding to the complexity of speech motor control for producing these tones. Children demonstrate more difficulties producing low fundamental frequencies than high fundamental frequencies. The findings support the position that tone acquisition is a protracted process, which may be affected by production complexities.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Phoneticsen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleAcoustic characteristics of three-year-olds' correct and incorrect monosyllabic Mandarin lexical tone productionsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.wocn.2011.10.005en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84455202433en_US
dc.identifier.volume40en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage141en_US
dc.identifier.epage151en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000299195300011-

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