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Article: Al-TiO2 Composite Modified Single-Layer Graphene as an Efficient Transparent Cathode for Organic Solar Cells

TitleAl-TiO2 Composite Modified Single-Layer Graphene as an Efficient Transparent Cathode for Organic Solar Cells
Authors
Issue Date2013
Citation
ACS Nano, 2013, v. 7, p. 1740–1747 How to Cite?
AbstractWhile there are challenges in tuning the properties of graphene (surface wettability, work function alignment, and carrier transport) for realizing an efficient graphene cathode in organic solar cells (OSCs), we propose and demonstrate using an Al-TiO2 composite to modify single-layer graphene as an efficient cathode for OSCs. To unveil the contributions of the composite in addressing the aforementioned challenges, the evaporated aluminum nanoclusters in the composite benefit the graphene cathode by simultaneously achieving two roles of improving its surface wettability for subsequent TiO2 deposition and reducing its work function to offer better energy alignment. To address challenges related to charge transport, solution-processed TiO2 with excellent electron transport can offer charge extraction enhancement to the graphene cathode, which is essential to efficient devices. However, it is a well-known issue for methods such as spin-coating to produce uniform films on the initially hydrophobic graphene, even with improved wettability. The undesirable morphology of TiO2 by such methods considerably inhibits its effectiveness in enhancing charge extraction. We propose a self-assembly method to deposit the solution-processed TiO2 on the Al-covered graphene for forming the Al-TiO2 composite. Compared with spin-coating, the self-assembly method is found to achieve more uniform coating on the graphene surface, with highly controllable thickness. Consequently, the graphene cathode modified with the Al-TiO2 composite in inverted OSCs gives rise to enhanced power conversion efficiency of 2.58%, which is 2-fold of the previously best reported efficiency (1.27%) for graphene cathode OSCs, reaching 75% performance of control devices using indium tin oxide.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/189028
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZHANG, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorXIE, Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorLin, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorChoy, WCHen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-17T14:24:39Z-
dc.date.available2013-09-17T14:24:39Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationACS Nano, 2013, v. 7, p. 1740–1747en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/189028-
dc.description.abstractWhile there are challenges in tuning the properties of graphene (surface wettability, work function alignment, and carrier transport) for realizing an efficient graphene cathode in organic solar cells (OSCs), we propose and demonstrate using an Al-TiO2 composite to modify single-layer graphene as an efficient cathode for OSCs. To unveil the contributions of the composite in addressing the aforementioned challenges, the evaporated aluminum nanoclusters in the composite benefit the graphene cathode by simultaneously achieving two roles of improving its surface wettability for subsequent TiO2 deposition and reducing its work function to offer better energy alignment. To address challenges related to charge transport, solution-processed TiO2 with excellent electron transport can offer charge extraction enhancement to the graphene cathode, which is essential to efficient devices. However, it is a well-known issue for methods such as spin-coating to produce uniform films on the initially hydrophobic graphene, even with improved wettability. The undesirable morphology of TiO2 by such methods considerably inhibits its effectiveness in enhancing charge extraction. We propose a self-assembly method to deposit the solution-processed TiO2 on the Al-covered graphene for forming the Al-TiO2 composite. Compared with spin-coating, the self-assembly method is found to achieve more uniform coating on the graphene surface, with highly controllable thickness. Consequently, the graphene cathode modified with the Al-TiO2 composite in inverted OSCs gives rise to enhanced power conversion efficiency of 2.58%, which is 2-fold of the previously best reported efficiency (1.27%) for graphene cathode OSCs, reaching 75% performance of control devices using indium tin oxide.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofACS Nanoen_US
dc.titleAl-TiO2 Composite Modified Single-Layer Graphene as an Efficient Transparent Cathode for Organic Solar Cellsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLin, P: linpeng@eee.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChoy, WCH: chchoy@eee.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityChoy, WCH=rp00218en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/nn3058399-
dc.identifier.pmid23327464-
dc.identifier.hkuros222001en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros238586-
dc.identifier.volume7en_US
dc.identifier.spage1740en_US
dc.identifier.epage1747en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000315618700098-

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