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postgraduate thesis: Ab initio relativistic-consistent calculations and charge density and experimental mass-spectroscopic analysis of mono and poly-nuclearclusters of group 11 and 12 transition metals and metal chlorides: ySeyedabdolreza Sadjadi.

TitleAb initio relativistic-consistent calculations and charge density and experimental mass-spectroscopic analysis of mono and poly-nuclearclusters of group 11 and 12 transition metals and metal chlorides: ySeyedabdolreza Sadjadi.
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Sadjadi, S.. (2013). Ab initio relativistic-consistent calculations and charge density and experimental mass-spectroscopic analysis of mono and poly-nuclear clusters of group 11 and 12 transition metals and metal chlorides / y Seyedabdolreza Sadjadi. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5060577
AbstractThe electron density function of molecular systems supplies a package of information. Quantum mechanical methods of producing and analyzing this function have been significantly improved during the past few years. The advent of accurate pseudopotentials and corresponding basis sets for Kohn-Sham density functional and for post-Hartree-Fock electron-correlated approaches have enabled the inclusion of scalar relativistic and spin-orbit coupling effects as well as electron correlation effects into the electron density function. The unpacking of the information embedded in such a function via the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) became possible by utilizing the very new subshell fitting method of reconstructing the density distribution of core electrons that had been replaced by the pseudopotentials. These theoretical advances were applied in this thesis to characterize and explore the topological features of metal-metal bonding as one of the fundamental types of bonds formed between two elements. Group 11 and 12 transition metals which include gold and mercury as the most relativistic elements were the main focus of this work. Mono and poly-nuclear compounds (with up to 4 metal atoms) in both pure metal clusters and chloro-complexes were studied by ab initio MØller-Plesset perturbation calculations followed by QTAIM analysis on the relaxed density. Some of these chloro-complexes of copper, gold, zinc and cadmium metals were identified in the gas phase by mass spectrometric experiments. The general formulas of the set of molecules studied in group 11 were : M2, MCl, MCl+, MCl2, MCl2+, M2Cl+, M2Cl2^(s+), M2Cl3+, M3Cl2+, M3Cl3+, M3Cl5+, M4Cl5+ and M4Cl7+ and in group 12 were : M2, MCl, MCl+, MCl2, M2Cl3+, M3Cl5+, M4Cl7+ and M2^(s+). The topological features of metal-metal bonding were calculated along with atomic properties for each individual local minimum isomer found. The comparison of the metal-metal bonding within the complexes and with the dimers revealed new features of metal-metal bonding in 3d, 4d and 5d transition metal elements of groups 11 and 12. With the aid of strong correlation between bond dissociation energy and electron density at the location of the bond critical points found in the case of dimers, the strength of the metal-metal bonding in the complexes was estimated. The electron density’s basin properties calculated accurately for all the clusters and their isomers in this thesis provided more insight also into the nature of M-Cl bondings in the group 11 and 12 chloride clusters. Ultimately the bonding information was used to predict the viability of these clusters in the gas phase.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectMetal-metal bonds.
Transition metals.
Chlorides.
Dept/ProgramChemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188750

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSadjadi, Seyedabdolreza.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-08T15:07:56Z-
dc.date.available2013-09-08T15:07:56Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationSadjadi, S.. (2013). Ab initio relativistic-consistent calculations and charge density and experimental mass-spectroscopic analysis of mono and poly-nuclear clusters of group 11 and 12 transition metals and metal chlorides / y Seyedabdolreza Sadjadi. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5060577-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188750-
dc.description.abstractThe electron density function of molecular systems supplies a package of information. Quantum mechanical methods of producing and analyzing this function have been significantly improved during the past few years. The advent of accurate pseudopotentials and corresponding basis sets for Kohn-Sham density functional and for post-Hartree-Fock electron-correlated approaches have enabled the inclusion of scalar relativistic and spin-orbit coupling effects as well as electron correlation effects into the electron density function. The unpacking of the information embedded in such a function via the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) became possible by utilizing the very new subshell fitting method of reconstructing the density distribution of core electrons that had been replaced by the pseudopotentials. These theoretical advances were applied in this thesis to characterize and explore the topological features of metal-metal bonding as one of the fundamental types of bonds formed between two elements. Group 11 and 12 transition metals which include gold and mercury as the most relativistic elements were the main focus of this work. Mono and poly-nuclear compounds (with up to 4 metal atoms) in both pure metal clusters and chloro-complexes were studied by ab initio MØller-Plesset perturbation calculations followed by QTAIM analysis on the relaxed density. Some of these chloro-complexes of copper, gold, zinc and cadmium metals were identified in the gas phase by mass spectrometric experiments. The general formulas of the set of molecules studied in group 11 were : M2, MCl, MCl+, MCl2, MCl2+, M2Cl+, M2Cl2^(s+), M2Cl3+, M3Cl2+, M3Cl3+, M3Cl5+, M4Cl5+ and M4Cl7+ and in group 12 were : M2, MCl, MCl+, MCl2, M2Cl3+, M3Cl5+, M4Cl7+ and M2^(s+). The topological features of metal-metal bonding were calculated along with atomic properties for each individual local minimum isomer found. The comparison of the metal-metal bonding within the complexes and with the dimers revealed new features of metal-metal bonding in 3d, 4d and 5d transition metal elements of groups 11 and 12. With the aid of strong correlation between bond dissociation energy and electron density at the location of the bond critical points found in the case of dimers, the strength of the metal-metal bonding in the complexes was estimated. The electron density’s basin properties calculated accurately for all the clusters and their isomers in this thesis provided more insight also into the nature of M-Cl bondings in the group 11 and 12 chloride clusters. Ultimately the bonding information was used to predict the viability of these clusters in the gas phase.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B5060577X-
dc.subject.lcshMetal-metal bonds.-
dc.subject.lcshTransition metals.-
dc.subject.lcshChlorides.-
dc.titleAb initio relativistic-consistent calculations and charge density and experimental mass-spectroscopic analysis of mono and poly-nuclearclusters of group 11 and 12 transition metals and metal chlorides: ySeyedabdolreza Sadjadi.-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5060577-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5060577-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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