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Article: Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among adolescents after the Wenchuan earthquake in China

TitlePrevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among adolescents after the Wenchuan earthquake in China
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSM
Citation
Psychological Medicine, 2012, v. 42 n. 8, p. 1687-1693 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground The Wenchuan earthquake was a catastrophic earthquake in China. The aim of this study is to explore longitudinally the rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in adolescents after the Wenchuan earthquake, and to identify independent predictors of PTSD. Method PTSD and depression symptoms among adolescents at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated using the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Subjects in this study included 548 high school student survivors in a local boarding high school. Results The rates of PTSD symptoms were 9.7%, 1.3% and 1.6% at the 6-, 12-and 18-month follow-ups, respectively. BDI scores were found to be the best predictor of severity of PTSD at 6, 12 and 18 months. Gender was another variable contributing significantly to PTSD at 6 and 12 months after the earthquake. In the 12-month follow-up, home damage was found to be a predictor of severity of PTSD symptoms. Being a child with siblings was found to be a predictor of severity of PTSD symptoms at 12 and 18 months after the earthquake. Conclusions PTSD symptoms changed gradually at various stages after the earthquake. Depression symptoms were predictive of PTSD symptoms in the 18-month follow-up study. Other predictors of PTSD symptoms included female gender and being a child with siblings. The results of this study may be helpful for further mental health interventions for adolescents after earthquakes. © 2011 Cambridge University Press.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188448
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.491
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.843
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Zen_US
dc.contributor.authorRan, MSen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, YHen_US
dc.contributor.authorOu, GJen_US
dc.contributor.authorGong, RRen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, RHen_US
dc.contributor.authorFan, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Zen_US
dc.contributor.authorFang, DZen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-03T04:07:15Z-
dc.date.available2013-09-03T04:07:15Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationPsychological Medicine, 2012, v. 42 n. 8, p. 1687-1693en_US
dc.identifier.issn0033-2917en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/188448-
dc.description.abstractBackground The Wenchuan earthquake was a catastrophic earthquake in China. The aim of this study is to explore longitudinally the rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in adolescents after the Wenchuan earthquake, and to identify independent predictors of PTSD. Method PTSD and depression symptoms among adolescents at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated using the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Subjects in this study included 548 high school student survivors in a local boarding high school. Results The rates of PTSD symptoms were 9.7%, 1.3% and 1.6% at the 6-, 12-and 18-month follow-ups, respectively. BDI scores were found to be the best predictor of severity of PTSD at 6, 12 and 18 months. Gender was another variable contributing significantly to PTSD at 6 and 12 months after the earthquake. In the 12-month follow-up, home damage was found to be a predictor of severity of PTSD symptoms. Being a child with siblings was found to be a predictor of severity of PTSD symptoms at 12 and 18 months after the earthquake. Conclusions PTSD symptoms changed gradually at various stages after the earthquake. Depression symptoms were predictive of PTSD symptoms in the 18-month follow-up study. Other predictors of PTSD symptoms included female gender and being a child with siblings. The results of this study may be helpful for further mental health interventions for adolescents after earthquakes. © 2011 Cambridge University Press.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Medicineen_US
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshChina - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDepression - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshEarthquakesen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLinear Modelsen_US
dc.subject.meshLongitudinal Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshOnly Child - Psychology - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen_US
dc.subject.meshPsychiatric Status Rating Scalesen_US
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshSeverity Of Illness Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshSex Distributionen_US
dc.subject.meshSiblingsen_US
dc.subject.meshStress Disorders, Post-Traumatic - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshSurvivors - Psychology - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen_US
dc.titlePrevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among adolescents after the Wenchuan earthquake in Chinaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailRan, MS: msran@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityRan, MS=rp01788en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291711002844en_US
dc.identifier.pmid22152150-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84863895817en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros234988-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84863895817&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume42en_US
dc.identifier.issue8en_US
dc.identifier.spage1687en_US
dc.identifier.epage1693en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000306890100011-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridZhang, Z=55721742700en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRan, MS=7006797666en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, YH=39861580100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridOu, GJ=54416332200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGong, RR=55148530700en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, RH=55491332800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFan, M=39861308400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridJiang, Z=55202702400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFang, DZ=7202133781en_US

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