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Article: Holistic processing for other-race faces in Chinese participants occurs for upright but not inverted faces

TitleHolistic processing for other-race faces in Chinese participants occurs for upright but not inverted faces
Authors
KeywordsHolistic face processing
Part-whole effect
Other-race effect
Inversion effect
Face recognition
Issue Date2013
Citation
Frontiers in Perception Science, 2013, v. 4, article no. 29 How to Cite?
AbstractRecent evidence suggests stronger holistic processing for own-race faces may underlie the own-race advantage in face memory. In previous studies Caucasian participants have demonstrated larger holistic processing effects for Caucasian over Asian faces. However, Asian participants have consistently shown similar sized effects for both Asian and Caucasian faces. We investigated two proposed explanations for the holistic processing of other-race faces by Asian participants: (1) greater other-race exposure, (2) a general global processing bias. Holistic processing was tested using the part-whole task. Participants were living in predominantly own-race environments and other-race contact was evaluated. Despite reporting significantly greater contact with own-race than other-race people, Chinese participants displayed strong holistic processing for both Asian and Caucasian upright faces. In addition, Chinese participants showed no evidence of holistic processing for inverted faces arguing against a general global processing bias explanation. Caucasian participants, in line with previous studies, displayed stronger holistic processing for Caucasian than Asian upright faces. For inverted faces there were no race-of-face differences. These results are used to suggest that Asians may make more general use of face-specific mechanisms than Caucasians. © 2013 Crookes, Favelle and Hayward.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/187189
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.463
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.244
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCrookes, KFen_US
dc.contributor.authorFavelle, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorHayward, WGen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-20T12:33:08Z-
dc.date.available2013-08-20T12:33:08Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Perception Science, 2013, v. 4, article no. 29en_US
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/187189-
dc.description.abstractRecent evidence suggests stronger holistic processing for own-race faces may underlie the own-race advantage in face memory. In previous studies Caucasian participants have demonstrated larger holistic processing effects for Caucasian over Asian faces. However, Asian participants have consistently shown similar sized effects for both Asian and Caucasian faces. We investigated two proposed explanations for the holistic processing of other-race faces by Asian participants: (1) greater other-race exposure, (2) a general global processing bias. Holistic processing was tested using the part-whole task. Participants were living in predominantly own-race environments and other-race contact was evaluated. Despite reporting significantly greater contact with own-race than other-race people, Chinese participants displayed strong holistic processing for both Asian and Caucasian upright faces. In addition, Chinese participants showed no evidence of holistic processing for inverted faces arguing against a general global processing bias explanation. Caucasian participants, in line with previous studies, displayed stronger holistic processing for Caucasian than Asian upright faces. For inverted faces there were no race-of-face differences. These results are used to suggest that Asians may make more general use of face-specific mechanisms than Caucasians. © 2013 Crookes, Favelle and Hayward.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Perception Scienceen_US
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subjectHolistic face processing-
dc.subjectPart-whole effect-
dc.subjectOther-race effect-
dc.subjectInversion effect-
dc.subjectFace recognition-
dc.titleHolistic processing for other-race faces in Chinese participants occurs for upright but not inverted facesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailCrookes, KF: kcrookes@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailHayward, WG: whayward@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHayward, WG=rp00630en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00029-
dc.identifier.pmid23386840-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84874679035-
dc.identifier.hkuros217083en_US
dc.identifier.volume4en_US
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 29en_US
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 29en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000330778100001-

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