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Article: Characteristics and potential applications of a novel forward osmosis hollow fiber membrane

TitleCharacteristics and potential applications of a novel forward osmosis hollow fiber membrane
Authors
KeywordsForward Osmosis (Fo)
Hollow Fiber
Internal Concentration Polarization (Icp)
Seawater Desalination
Thin Film Composite Membrane (Tfc)
Issue Date2010
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/desal
Citation
Desalination, 2010, v. 261 n. 3, p. 365-372 How to Cite?
AbstractThere has been a resurgence of interest in forward osmosis (FO) as a potential means of desalination, dewatering and in pressure retarded osmosis, which Sidney Loeb was advocating over 3 decades ago. This paper describes the characteristics and potential applications of a newly developed FO hollow fiber membrane, which was fabricated by interfacial polymerization on the inner surface of a polyethersulfone (PES) hollow fiber. This FO membrane presents excellent intrinsic separation properties, with a water flux of 42.6 L/m2 h using 0.5 M NaCl as the draw solution and DI water as the feed with the active layer facing the draw solution orientation at 23 °C. The corresponding ratio of salt flux to water flux was only 0.094 g/L, which is superior to all other FO membranes reported in the open literature. To evaluate different application scenarios, various NaCl solutions (500 ppm (8.6 mM), 1 wt.% (0.17 M) and 3.5 wt.% (0.59 M)) were used as the feed water to test the performance of the FO membrane. The membrane can achieve a water flux of 12.4 L/m2 h with 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution as the feed and 2 M NaCl as the draw solution, suggesting it has good potential for seawater desalination. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/185392
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.412
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.549
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChou, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorShi, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorWang, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorTang, CYen_US
dc.contributor.authorQiu, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorFane, AGen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-30T07:32:10Z-
dc.date.available2013-07-30T07:32:10Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.citationDesalination, 2010, v. 261 n. 3, p. 365-372en_US
dc.identifier.issn0011-9164en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/185392-
dc.description.abstractThere has been a resurgence of interest in forward osmosis (FO) as a potential means of desalination, dewatering and in pressure retarded osmosis, which Sidney Loeb was advocating over 3 decades ago. This paper describes the characteristics and potential applications of a newly developed FO hollow fiber membrane, which was fabricated by interfacial polymerization on the inner surface of a polyethersulfone (PES) hollow fiber. This FO membrane presents excellent intrinsic separation properties, with a water flux of 42.6 L/m2 h using 0.5 M NaCl as the draw solution and DI water as the feed with the active layer facing the draw solution orientation at 23 °C. The corresponding ratio of salt flux to water flux was only 0.094 g/L, which is superior to all other FO membranes reported in the open literature. To evaluate different application scenarios, various NaCl solutions (500 ppm (8.6 mM), 1 wt.% (0.17 M) and 3.5 wt.% (0.59 M)) were used as the feed water to test the performance of the FO membrane. The membrane can achieve a water flux of 12.4 L/m2 h with 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution as the feed and 2 M NaCl as the draw solution, suggesting it has good potential for seawater desalination. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/desalen_US
dc.relation.ispartofDesalinationen_US
dc.subjectForward Osmosis (Fo)en_US
dc.subjectHollow Fiberen_US
dc.subjectInternal Concentration Polarization (Icp)en_US
dc.subjectSeawater Desalinationen_US
dc.subjectThin Film Composite Membrane (Tfc)en_US
dc.titleCharacteristics and potential applications of a novel forward osmosis hollow fiber membraneen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailTang, CY: tangc@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityTang, CY=rp01765en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.desal.2010.06.027en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-78049420671en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-78049420671&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume261en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage365en_US
dc.identifier.epage372en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000282203200020-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChou, S=36019076000en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridShi, L=36079938000en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWang, R=35081334000en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTang, CY=35489259800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridQiu, C=36019493600en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFane, AG=35593963600en_US

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