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postgraduate thesis: Properties of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide electrode material in relation to electrochemical generation of ozone

TitleProperties of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide electrode material in relation to electrochemical generation of ozone
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Wang, B. [王滨]. (2013). Properties of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide electrode material in relation to electrochemical generation of ozone. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5043430
AbstractIn this study, the properties of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide (NATO) electrode materials were investigated in relation to the electrochemical generation of ozone. The performance of NATO materials was correlated to ·OH radical generation and oxygen adsorption properties. Long-time ozone generation results suggested that surface property changes, including surface morphology, chemical composition and electro-catalyst thickness, could lead to ozone production rate decreased from 137 to 0 mg·h-1 and the current efficiency declined from 18% to 0. The loss of Ni in the electrode was suggested for the decrease in ozone generation. Moreover, material characterization results indicated the presence of NiOOH and multiple oxidation states of Sb (+3 and +5), which were proposed as the critical sites for the electrochemical generation of ozone. In addition, NATO nanocrystals of 3.5 ~ 7.5 nm in size prepared by the hydrothermal method were used as an alternative route to fabricate electrodes. The highest current efficiency of 41% was achieved on NATO material of 6% Sb in the precursor, which led to the lowest resistivity of 2.38 ± 0.03 Ω·cm in the product NATO material. This further demonstrated the applicability of NATO materials used as electro-catalysts for the electrochemical generation of ozone. Hydroxyl free radicals (·OH) can be regarded as one of the most important intermediates for ozone generation. The presence of ·OH radicals was quantified by fluorescence spectroscopy with terephthalic acid as probes. Quantitative analysis results showed that Ni dopant could significantly enhance ·OH generation, while over-doping of Sb and Ni can decrease the generation of ·OH radicals. An oxygen chemisorption study on NATO materials showed that more active sites available for oxygen chemisorption lead to higher catalytic activity for ozone generation. The highest oxygen chemisorption capacity of 49.76 μmol·g-1 was achieved on NATO-5 (Sn:Sb:Ni=1000:16:2), which showed the highest current efficiency of 43%. In addition, temperature programmed oxygen adsorption and desorption showed different patterns on different NATO materials. This suggested that oxygen adsorption on NATO materials has a correlation to the electrochemical generation of ozone. In addition, oxygen adsorption was further investigated with near ambient oxygen adsorption. Oxygen adsorption isotherm results indicated that both physisorption and chemisorption can occur on the surface of SnO2 based material (NATO-5) with or without hydrogen pretreatment. When NATO-5 was treated with hydrogen, adsorption was mainly in the form of chemisorption. However, it was mainly in the form of physisorption without hydrogen pretreatment. By comparing NATO-6 (Sn:Sb:Ni=1000:16:0) with NATO-7 (Sn:Sb:Ni=1000:0:2), it was found that Sb was more important in the oxygen adsorption ability of NATO materials compared to Ni doping. Based on the findings in this study, two active sites (Sb and Ni sites) were proposed for ·OH generation and oxygen adsorption in order to explain the mechanism of ozone generation on NATO materials. Also, electrochemical generation of ozone was correlated with oxygen adsorption and ·OH generation.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectOzone.
Antimony.
Stannic oxide.
Electrodes.
Dept/ProgramChemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184243

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWang, Bin-
dc.contributor.author王滨-
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-29T15:45:52Z-
dc.date.available2013-06-29T15:45:52Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationWang, B. [王滨]. (2013). Properties of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide electrode material in relation to electrochemical generation of ozone. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5043430-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184243-
dc.description.abstractIn this study, the properties of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide (NATO) electrode materials were investigated in relation to the electrochemical generation of ozone. The performance of NATO materials was correlated to ·OH radical generation and oxygen adsorption properties. Long-time ozone generation results suggested that surface property changes, including surface morphology, chemical composition and electro-catalyst thickness, could lead to ozone production rate decreased from 137 to 0 mg·h-1 and the current efficiency declined from 18% to 0. The loss of Ni in the electrode was suggested for the decrease in ozone generation. Moreover, material characterization results indicated the presence of NiOOH and multiple oxidation states of Sb (+3 and +5), which were proposed as the critical sites for the electrochemical generation of ozone. In addition, NATO nanocrystals of 3.5 ~ 7.5 nm in size prepared by the hydrothermal method were used as an alternative route to fabricate electrodes. The highest current efficiency of 41% was achieved on NATO material of 6% Sb in the precursor, which led to the lowest resistivity of 2.38 ± 0.03 Ω·cm in the product NATO material. This further demonstrated the applicability of NATO materials used as electro-catalysts for the electrochemical generation of ozone. Hydroxyl free radicals (·OH) can be regarded as one of the most important intermediates for ozone generation. The presence of ·OH radicals was quantified by fluorescence spectroscopy with terephthalic acid as probes. Quantitative analysis results showed that Ni dopant could significantly enhance ·OH generation, while over-doping of Sb and Ni can decrease the generation of ·OH radicals. An oxygen chemisorption study on NATO materials showed that more active sites available for oxygen chemisorption lead to higher catalytic activity for ozone generation. The highest oxygen chemisorption capacity of 49.76 μmol·g-1 was achieved on NATO-5 (Sn:Sb:Ni=1000:16:2), which showed the highest current efficiency of 43%. In addition, temperature programmed oxygen adsorption and desorption showed different patterns on different NATO materials. This suggested that oxygen adsorption on NATO materials has a correlation to the electrochemical generation of ozone. In addition, oxygen adsorption was further investigated with near ambient oxygen adsorption. Oxygen adsorption isotherm results indicated that both physisorption and chemisorption can occur on the surface of SnO2 based material (NATO-5) with or without hydrogen pretreatment. When NATO-5 was treated with hydrogen, adsorption was mainly in the form of chemisorption. However, it was mainly in the form of physisorption without hydrogen pretreatment. By comparing NATO-6 (Sn:Sb:Ni=1000:16:0) with NATO-7 (Sn:Sb:Ni=1000:0:2), it was found that Sb was more important in the oxygen adsorption ability of NATO materials compared to Ni doping. Based on the findings in this study, two active sites (Sb and Ni sites) were proposed for ·OH generation and oxygen adsorption in order to explain the mechanism of ozone generation on NATO materials. Also, electrochemical generation of ozone was correlated with oxygen adsorption and ·OH generation.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B50434305-
dc.subject.lcshOzone.-
dc.subject.lcshAntimony.-
dc.subject.lcshStannic oxide.-
dc.subject.lcshElectrodes.-
dc.titleProperties of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide electrode material in relation to electrochemical generation of ozone-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5043430-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5043430-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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