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Article: Motor ability and weight status are determinants of out-of-school activity participation for children with developmental coordination disorder

TitleMotor ability and weight status are determinants of out-of-school activity participation for children with developmental coordination disorder
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/redevdis
Citation
Research In Developmental Disabilities, 2011, v. 32 n. 6, p. 2614-2623 How to Cite?
AbstractAccording to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model endorsed by the World Health Organization, participation in everyday activities is integral to normal child development. However, little is known about the influence of motor ability and weight status on physical activity participation in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). This study aimed to (1) compare motor performance, weight status and pattern of out-of-school activity participation between children with DCD and those without; and (2) identify whether motor ability and weight status were determinants of participation patterns among children with DCD. We enrolled 81 children with DCD (boys, n= 63; girls, n= 18; mean age, 8.07 ± 1.5 years) and 67 typically developing children (boys, n= 48; girls, n= 19; mean age, 8.25 ± 1.6 years). Participation patterns (diversity, intensity, companionship, location, and enjoyment) were evaluated with the Children Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment. Motor ability was evaluated with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, second edition (MABC-2). Other factors that may influence participation such as age, gender, and body weight were also recorded. Analysis of variance was used to compare outcome variables of the two groups, and significant determinants of activity participation were identified by multiple regression analysis. Children with DCD participated in fewer activities (i.e., limited participation diversity) and participated less frequently (i.e., limited participation intensity) than their typically developing peers; however, companionship, location of participation, and enjoyment level did not differ between the two groups. Children in the DCD group demonstrated significantly worse motor ability as assessed by the MABC-2. Further, a greater proportion of children in the DCD group were in the overweight/obese category compared with their typically developing peers. After accounting for the effects of age and gender, motor ability and weight category explained 7.6% and 5.0% of the variance in participation diversity, respectively, for children with DCD. Children with DCD showed less diverse and less intense out-of-school activity participation than typically developing children. Motor impairment and weight status were independently associated with the lower participation diversity. Interventions aiming at improving participation for children with DCD should target weight control and training in motor proficiency. Further study is needed to identify other factors that may hinder participation in this group of children. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184218
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.877
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.967
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFong, SSMen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, VYLen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, NNCen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, RSHen_US
dc.contributor.authorChak, WKen_US
dc.contributor.authorPang, MYCen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-25T03:02:16Z-
dc.date.available2013-06-25T03:02:16Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.citationResearch In Developmental Disabilities, 2011, v. 32 n. 6, p. 2614-2623en_US
dc.identifier.issn0891-4222en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184218-
dc.description.abstractAccording to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model endorsed by the World Health Organization, participation in everyday activities is integral to normal child development. However, little is known about the influence of motor ability and weight status on physical activity participation in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). This study aimed to (1) compare motor performance, weight status and pattern of out-of-school activity participation between children with DCD and those without; and (2) identify whether motor ability and weight status were determinants of participation patterns among children with DCD. We enrolled 81 children with DCD (boys, n= 63; girls, n= 18; mean age, 8.07 ± 1.5 years) and 67 typically developing children (boys, n= 48; girls, n= 19; mean age, 8.25 ± 1.6 years). Participation patterns (diversity, intensity, companionship, location, and enjoyment) were evaluated with the Children Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment. Motor ability was evaluated with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, second edition (MABC-2). Other factors that may influence participation such as age, gender, and body weight were also recorded. Analysis of variance was used to compare outcome variables of the two groups, and significant determinants of activity participation were identified by multiple regression analysis. Children with DCD participated in fewer activities (i.e., limited participation diversity) and participated less frequently (i.e., limited participation intensity) than their typically developing peers; however, companionship, location of participation, and enjoyment level did not differ between the two groups. Children in the DCD group demonstrated significantly worse motor ability as assessed by the MABC-2. Further, a greater proportion of children in the DCD group were in the overweight/obese category compared with their typically developing peers. After accounting for the effects of age and gender, motor ability and weight category explained 7.6% and 5.0% of the variance in participation diversity, respectively, for children with DCD. Children with DCD showed less diverse and less intense out-of-school activity participation than typically developing children. Motor impairment and weight status were independently associated with the lower participation diversity. Interventions aiming at improving participation for children with DCD should target weight control and training in motor proficiency. Further study is needed to identify other factors that may hinder participation in this group of children. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/redevdisen_US
dc.relation.ispartofResearch in Developmental Disabilitiesen_US
dc.subject.meshActivities Of Daily Livingen_US
dc.subject.meshAsperger Syndrome - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshAttention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshBody Weight - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshComorbidityen_US
dc.subject.meshDyslexia - Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLeisure Activitiesen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMotor Activity - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMotor Skills - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshMotor Skills Disorders - Epidemiology - Physiopathology - Rehabilitationen_US
dc.subject.meshOverweight - Epidemiology - Physiopathology - Rehabilitationen_US
dc.subject.meshPeer Groupen_US
dc.subject.meshSocial Behavioren_US
dc.titleMotor ability and weight status are determinants of out-of-school activity participation for children with developmental coordination disorderen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailFong, SSM: smfong@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityFong, SSM=rp01759en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ridd.2011.06.013en_US
dc.identifier.pmid21767931-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-80053629031en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros228650-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-80053629031&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume32en_US
dc.identifier.issue6en_US
dc.identifier.spage2614en_US
dc.identifier.epage2623en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000296304000068-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFong, SSM=7102255872en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLee, VYL=53986388400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, NNC=36876878500en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChan, RSH=53986207100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridChak, WK=6602179226en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPang, MYC=7102068630en_US

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