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Article: Profiling the poor in a Chinese city: a case study of Nanjing

TitleProfiling the poor in a Chinese city: a case study of Nanjing
Authors
KeywordsPoverty profile
Rural migrants
Chinese cities
Urban poverty
Urban unemployed
Issue Date2008
Citation
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 2008, v. 1, n. 3, p. 193-214 How to Cite?
AbstractWe report on a large-scale household survey conducted in the city of Nanjing, in 2005, which forms a preliminary study for a major ESRC/DFID funded investigation into urban poverty and property rights changes in China. To capture an initial portrait of the urban poor, the Nanjing study focuses on the most essential elements of their daily lives, i.e. demographic characteristics, access to social entitlements, housing conditions, neighbourhood interactions and social networks. It is the first study to comprehensively examine the morphology of urban poverty at the city scale. Urban Hukou (urban citizen rights) households with no unemployed member are found to be better off than working rural migrants. Urban Hukou households with at least one unemployed member have a similar poverty incidence to rural migrants; the latter suffering from a series of interrelated disadvantages. There are distinct groups of urban poor, each being affected by a particular set of impoverishing factors. Poor urban-registered households are typically characterised by unfavourable personal or household characteristics, such as a large number of dependent household members and prior employment in a state owned enterprise. The impoverishment of rural migrants is largely connected with institutional discrimination such as lack of rights to social security benefits and unfavourable employment opportunities.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184047

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHe, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorWu, Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorWebster, CJen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Yen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-20T08:27:35Z-
dc.date.available2013-06-20T08:27:35Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.citationApplied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 2008, v. 1, n. 3, p. 193-214en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/184047-
dc.description.abstractWe report on a large-scale household survey conducted in the city of Nanjing, in 2005, which forms a preliminary study for a major ESRC/DFID funded investigation into urban poverty and property rights changes in China. To capture an initial portrait of the urban poor, the Nanjing study focuses on the most essential elements of their daily lives, i.e. demographic characteristics, access to social entitlements, housing conditions, neighbourhood interactions and social networks. It is the first study to comprehensively examine the morphology of urban poverty at the city scale. Urban Hukou (urban citizen rights) households with no unemployed member are found to be better off than working rural migrants. Urban Hukou households with at least one unemployed member have a similar poverty incidence to rural migrants; the latter suffering from a series of interrelated disadvantages. There are distinct groups of urban poor, each being affected by a particular set of impoverishing factors. Poor urban-registered households are typically characterised by unfavourable personal or household characteristics, such as a large number of dependent household members and prior employment in a state owned enterprise. The impoverishment of rural migrants is largely connected with institutional discrimination such as lack of rights to social security benefits and unfavourable employment opportunities.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Spatial Analysis and Policyen_US
dc.subjectPoverty profile-
dc.subjectRural migrants-
dc.subjectChinese cities-
dc.subjectUrban poverty-
dc.subjectUrban unemployed-
dc.titleProfiling the poor in a Chinese city: a case study of Nanjingen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailWebster, CJ: cwebster@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWebster, CJ=rp01747en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12061-008-9012-6en_US
dc.identifier.volume1en_US
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage193en_US
dc.identifier.epage214en_US

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