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Conference Paper: The Health Belief Model Improves OHI Effectiveness in Periodontal Patients

TitleThe Health Belief Model Improves OHI Effectiveness in Periodontal Patients
Authors
KeywordsBehavioral science
Home care
Motivation
Oral hygiene and Periodontics
Issue Date2012
PublisherSage Publications, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925
Citation
The Annual Meeting of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) Southeast Asian Division, Hong Kong, China, 3-4 November 2012. In Journal of Dental Research, 2012, v. 91 n. Special Issue C: abstract no. 169744 How to Cite?
AbstractIntroduction: Various psychological behavioral modification models have been proposed to improve the effectivesness of oral hygiene instruction (OHI) and motivation of patients to perform good oral hygiene practice. The Health Belief Model (HBM) has been shown to improve patient’s oral hygiene practice effectively. Objectives: This study investigated, for the first time, the effectiveness of HBM for improving the outcomes of OHI in Chinese adults with periodontal disease. Methods: Thirty-four Chinese adults, aged 35-65 years old with CPI≥3 in one of the sextants, were recruited for this randomized clinical trial. The patients were randomly assigned into test (20-40 minutes OHI plus HBM intervention approach) and control (20-40 minutes OHI alone) groups, following periodontal examination. The subjects were recalled after 3-month and full-mouth plaque score (FMPS) and full-mouth bleeding score (FMBS) were recorded. Results: The mean FMPS of both test and control group decreased from 89%±8% to 45%±21% and 87%±13% to 57%±20% (p<0.05), respectively. The mean FMBS reduced from 77%±17% to 32%±10% and from 88%± 18% to 44%± 15% (p<0.05), respectively in test and control group. The 3-month mean FMPS and mean FMBS were significantly lower in the test and than in the control group. The reduction of mean FMPS at 3-month was significantly greater in test group than in the control group (44% Vs 30%, p<0.05). Conclusions: Within the limitation of this study, the current findings suggest that the HBM may be useful for improvement of the effectiveness of OHI in Chinese adults with periodontal disease. Further long-term study is warranted to determine the effectiveness of the HBM for increasing patient’s self-awareness of periodontal disease. (Supported by the Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong).
DescriptionSession: Periodontal Research
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/182053
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLin, WSWen_US
dc.contributor.authorJin, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorCorbet, EFen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-17T07:20:41Z-
dc.date.available2013-04-17T07:20:41Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe Annual Meeting of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) Southeast Asian Division, Hong Kong, China, 3-4 November 2012. In Journal of Dental Research, 2012, v. 91 n. Special Issue C: abstract no. 169744en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/182053-
dc.descriptionSession: Periodontal Research-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Various psychological behavioral modification models have been proposed to improve the effectivesness of oral hygiene instruction (OHI) and motivation of patients to perform good oral hygiene practice. The Health Belief Model (HBM) has been shown to improve patient’s oral hygiene practice effectively. Objectives: This study investigated, for the first time, the effectiveness of HBM for improving the outcomes of OHI in Chinese adults with periodontal disease. Methods: Thirty-four Chinese adults, aged 35-65 years old with CPI≥3 in one of the sextants, were recruited for this randomized clinical trial. The patients were randomly assigned into test (20-40 minutes OHI plus HBM intervention approach) and control (20-40 minutes OHI alone) groups, following periodontal examination. The subjects were recalled after 3-month and full-mouth plaque score (FMPS) and full-mouth bleeding score (FMBS) were recorded. Results: The mean FMPS of both test and control group decreased from 89%±8% to 45%±21% and 87%±13% to 57%±20% (p<0.05), respectively. The mean FMBS reduced from 77%±17% to 32%±10% and from 88%± 18% to 44%± 15% (p<0.05), respectively in test and control group. The 3-month mean FMPS and mean FMBS were significantly lower in the test and than in the control group. The reduction of mean FMPS at 3-month was significantly greater in test group than in the control group (44% Vs 30%, p<0.05). Conclusions: Within the limitation of this study, the current findings suggest that the HBM may be useful for improvement of the effectiveness of OHI in Chinese adults with periodontal disease. Further long-term study is warranted to determine the effectiveness of the HBM for increasing patient’s self-awareness of periodontal disease. (Supported by the Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong).-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc.. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Researchen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc..-
dc.subjectBehavioral science-
dc.subjectHome care-
dc.subjectMotivation-
dc.subjectOral hygiene and Periodontics-
dc.titleThe Health Belief Model Improves OHI Effectiveness in Periodontal Patientsen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailJin, L: ljjin@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailCorbet, EF: efcorbet@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityJin, L=rp00028en_US
dc.identifier.authorityCorbet, EF=rp00005en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros213901en_US
dc.identifier.volume91en_US
dc.identifier.issueSpecial Issue C: abstract no. 169744en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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