File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: A multi-probe quantitative PCR assay for genotyping of influenza B virus

TitleA multi-probe quantitative PCR assay for genotyping of influenza B virus
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Tsang, C. [曾志豪]. (2012). A multi-probe quantitative PCR assay for genotyping of influenza B virus. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4982859
AbstractInfluenza B virus contributes to a significant portion of influenza disease burden in men. It is structurally similar and replicates in the same manner as the influenza A virus, leading to a comparable clinical presentation between the two viral species. Since 1977, influenza B has caused seasonal epidemics around the world together with A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 subtypes, and has a strong affinity to affect children of school age and young adults. In the 1980s, two antigenically distinct lineages of influenza B virus emerged, one being the B/Yamagata lineage and the other known as B/Victoria lineage. The most significant antigenic difference between the two is located in the HA1 domain of the viral hemagglutinin. Host immunity is not shared between the two viral lineages. Therefore, the global prevalence of the two influenza B lineages is closely monitored by the World Health Organization in order to decide which viral lineage to include in the annual trivalent influenza vaccines. Surprisingly, the current methods used in influenza B viral surveillance and lineage discrimination have not seen much technical advancement in nearly 25 years since the emergence of two viral lineages. The current study presents a novel, asymmetric real-time PCR assay which is able to determine the viral lineage in addition to detecting the presence of influenza B virus in clinical specimens. Asymmetric PCR is performed by deliberately limiting the amount of primers in one side of a PCR reaction. This significantly affects the replication efficiency and sensitivity of the PCR reaction, but at the same time facilitates target sequence detection by hybridization probes, due to an increased number of single stranded products in the reaction. Nevertheless, the use of asymmetric PCR has been avoided in the past. The recent introduction of linear-after-the-exponential (LATE) PCR refines the method by adjusting melting temperature of PCR primers so that TmLimiting – TmExcess ≥ 0°C. The modification is shown to raise the efficiency of asymmetric PCR to those of symmetric PCR, as well as allowing more relaxed criteria for PCR primer and probe design. In the current asymmetric assay, pan-influenza B primers and probes targeting Victoria and Yamagata linage specific regions of the influenza B HA were evaluated against a similar symmetric influenza B assay published by the World Health Organization. HA plasmid standards and 155 clinical specimens were tested by both assays, in which the two had intra-assay CV% of less than 5%. Albeit the efficiency and sensitivity of WHO published assay was slightly higher, LATE-PCR based assay performed influenza B detection and genotyping simultaneously with the use of hydrolysis probes. The overall sensitivity/ specificity of the genotyping assay are 96.81%/100% while the WHO recommended assay is at 98.94%/100% for influenza B detection. The LATE-PCR based genotyping assay also successfully genotyped 89 out of 94 clinical specimens. In conclusion, the influenza B genotyping assay evaluated in this study performed favorably and could serve as an alternative to cumbersome viral culture methods to aid in high-throughput global influenza surveillance.
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
SubjectInfluenza viruses - Genetics.
Dept/ProgramMicrobiology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181863

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTsang, Chi-ho.-
dc.contributor.author曾志豪.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-20T06:29:15Z-
dc.date.available2013-03-20T06:29:15Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationTsang, C. [曾志豪]. (2012). A multi-probe quantitative PCR assay for genotyping of influenza B virus. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4982859-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181863-
dc.description.abstractInfluenza B virus contributes to a significant portion of influenza disease burden in men. It is structurally similar and replicates in the same manner as the influenza A virus, leading to a comparable clinical presentation between the two viral species. Since 1977, influenza B has caused seasonal epidemics around the world together with A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 subtypes, and has a strong affinity to affect children of school age and young adults. In the 1980s, two antigenically distinct lineages of influenza B virus emerged, one being the B/Yamagata lineage and the other known as B/Victoria lineage. The most significant antigenic difference between the two is located in the HA1 domain of the viral hemagglutinin. Host immunity is not shared between the two viral lineages. Therefore, the global prevalence of the two influenza B lineages is closely monitored by the World Health Organization in order to decide which viral lineage to include in the annual trivalent influenza vaccines. Surprisingly, the current methods used in influenza B viral surveillance and lineage discrimination have not seen much technical advancement in nearly 25 years since the emergence of two viral lineages. The current study presents a novel, asymmetric real-time PCR assay which is able to determine the viral lineage in addition to detecting the presence of influenza B virus in clinical specimens. Asymmetric PCR is performed by deliberately limiting the amount of primers in one side of a PCR reaction. This significantly affects the replication efficiency and sensitivity of the PCR reaction, but at the same time facilitates target sequence detection by hybridization probes, due to an increased number of single stranded products in the reaction. Nevertheless, the use of asymmetric PCR has been avoided in the past. The recent introduction of linear-after-the-exponential (LATE) PCR refines the method by adjusting melting temperature of PCR primers so that TmLimiting – TmExcess ≥ 0°C. The modification is shown to raise the efficiency of asymmetric PCR to those of symmetric PCR, as well as allowing more relaxed criteria for PCR primer and probe design. In the current asymmetric assay, pan-influenza B primers and probes targeting Victoria and Yamagata linage specific regions of the influenza B HA were evaluated against a similar symmetric influenza B assay published by the World Health Organization. HA plasmid standards and 155 clinical specimens were tested by both assays, in which the two had intra-assay CV% of less than 5%. Albeit the efficiency and sensitivity of WHO published assay was slightly higher, LATE-PCR based assay performed influenza B detection and genotyping simultaneously with the use of hydrolysis probes. The overall sensitivity/ specificity of the genotyping assay are 96.81%/100% while the WHO recommended assay is at 98.94%/100% for influenza B detection. The LATE-PCR based genotyping assay also successfully genotyped 89 out of 94 clinical specimens. In conclusion, the influenza B genotyping assay evaluated in this study performed favorably and could serve as an alternative to cumbersome viral culture methods to aid in high-throughput global influenza surveillance.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B49828599-
dc.subject.lcshInfluenza viruses - Genetics.-
dc.titleA multi-probe quantitative PCR assay for genotyping of influenza B virus-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4982859-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMicrobiology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4982859-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats