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postgraduate thesis: Uni-axial behavior of normal-strength concrete filled steel tubular columns with external confinement

TitleUni-axial behavior of normal-strength concrete filled steel tubular columns with external confinement
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Ho, JCM
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Luo, L. [罗冽]. (2012). Uni-axial behavior of normal-strength concrete filled steel tubular columns with external confinement. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961821
AbstractThis thesis proposes two forms of external confinement for concrete filled steel tubular (CFST) columns. The confinement efficiency is studied by examining the axial strength enhancement and ductility improvement of the CFST columns with external confinement. Due to the heavy demand of confining steel to restore the column ductility in seismic regions, it is more efficient to confine these columns by hollow steel tube to form CFST column. Compared with transverse reinforcing steel, steel tube provides a stronger and more uniform confining pressure to the concrete core, and reduces the steel congestion problem for better concrete placing quality. The CFST columns are therefore characterised by higher strength, ductility and large energy absorption before failure. However, a major shortcoming of CFST columns is the imperfect steelconcrete interface bonding occurred at the elastic stage as steel dilates more than concrete in compression. This adversely affects the confining effect and decreases the elastic modulus. To resolve the problem, it is proposed in this thesis to use external steel confinement in the forms of rings and ties to restrict the dilation of steel tube. For verification, a series of uni-axial compression test was performed on some CFST columns with external steel rings and ties. From the results, it was found that the external steel rings could improve both the axial strength and stiffness of the CFST columns significantly. However, the steel ties could not improve either the axial strength or elastic stiffness significantly. The confining efficiency was then investigated by comparing the strength of these confined-CFST columns with the reinforced concrete (RC) columns counterparts with the same concrete and steel volume. It is evident that the axial strength of CFST columns is much higher than the RC columns, which suggests that the application of CFST columns can utilise less construction materials and reduce the demolition waste. A theoretical model is also proposed for predicting the axial strength of ring-confined CFST columns. Comparison between the predicted results and the test results obtained by the author and other researchers shows that the proposed model gives good estimation for both unconfined and confined CFST columns.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectReinforced concrete construction.
Tubular steel structures.
Dept/ProgramCivil Engineering
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181493

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorHo, JCM-
dc.contributor.authorLuo, Lie-
dc.contributor.author罗冽-
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-03T03:20:09Z-
dc.date.available2013-03-03T03:20:09Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationLuo, L. [罗冽]. (2012). Uni-axial behavior of normal-strength concrete filled steel tubular columns with external confinement. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961821-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/181493-
dc.description.abstractThis thesis proposes two forms of external confinement for concrete filled steel tubular (CFST) columns. The confinement efficiency is studied by examining the axial strength enhancement and ductility improvement of the CFST columns with external confinement. Due to the heavy demand of confining steel to restore the column ductility in seismic regions, it is more efficient to confine these columns by hollow steel tube to form CFST column. Compared with transverse reinforcing steel, steel tube provides a stronger and more uniform confining pressure to the concrete core, and reduces the steel congestion problem for better concrete placing quality. The CFST columns are therefore characterised by higher strength, ductility and large energy absorption before failure. However, a major shortcoming of CFST columns is the imperfect steelconcrete interface bonding occurred at the elastic stage as steel dilates more than concrete in compression. This adversely affects the confining effect and decreases the elastic modulus. To resolve the problem, it is proposed in this thesis to use external steel confinement in the forms of rings and ties to restrict the dilation of steel tube. For verification, a series of uni-axial compression test was performed on some CFST columns with external steel rings and ties. From the results, it was found that the external steel rings could improve both the axial strength and stiffness of the CFST columns significantly. However, the steel ties could not improve either the axial strength or elastic stiffness significantly. The confining efficiency was then investigated by comparing the strength of these confined-CFST columns with the reinforced concrete (RC) columns counterparts with the same concrete and steel volume. It is evident that the axial strength of CFST columns is much higher than the RC columns, which suggests that the application of CFST columns can utilise less construction materials and reduce the demolition waste. A theoretical model is also proposed for predicting the axial strength of ring-confined CFST columns. Comparison between the predicted results and the test results obtained by the author and other researchers shows that the proposed model gives good estimation for both unconfined and confined CFST columns.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B49618210-
dc.subject.lcshReinforced concrete construction.-
dc.subject.lcshTubular steel structures.-
dc.titleUni-axial behavior of normal-strength concrete filled steel tubular columns with external confinement-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4961821-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCivil Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4961821-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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