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postgraduate thesis: Petrogenesis of permian sulfide-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions insoutheast Chinese Altay and east Tianshan, NW China

TitlePetrogenesis of permian sulfide-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions insoutheast Chinese Altay and east Tianshan, NW China
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Zhou, MFSun, M
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Gao, J. [高剑峰]. (2012). Petrogenesis of permian sulfide-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions in southeast Chinese Altay and east Tianshan, NW China. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961780
AbstractThe Central Asia Orogenic Belt is one of the largest accretionary orogenic belts in the world. In this belt, many sulfide‐bearing mafic‐ultramafic intrusions occur along faults, including the Kalatongke complex in southeast Chinese Altay and the Huangshandong intrusion in east Tianshan. The Kalatongke complex is a composite body including ~308Ma dioritic intrusion and 287Ma sulfide‐bearing mafic intrusion. The dioritic intrusion consists of biotite‐hornblende gabbro, diorite and quartz diorite. This intrusion was formed from a mixture of an evolved mantle‐derived magma and a crust‐derived adakitic magma combined with fractional crystallization of clinopyroxene, amphibole and plagioclase. The mafic intrusion is dominantly made up of norite in which sulfide ores, including disseminated, massive Ni‐Cu and massive Cu‐rich ores, are hosted. This intrusion was formed from two different pulses of basaltic magmas that had different magma evolution histories. The early magma pulse reached sulfide‐saturation due to minor crustal contamination and a small amount of sulfide (<0.03%) was removed before the emplacement. The evolved magmas then entered a shallow magma chamber and assimilated crustal materials to attain sulfide‐saturation again. Sulfide liquids segregated from the magma to form massive Ni‐Cu and massive Cu‐rich ores through further fractionation and residual silicate melts formed norites. A second pulse of magma underwent removal of <0.02% sulfides with stronger crustal contamination, and re‐attained S‐saturation during the emplacement and became a phenocryst‐laden magma. This magma then intruded the earlier formed massive sulfide ores and norites, forming the disseminated sulfide ores. The Permian Huangshandong mafic‐ultramafic intrusion hosts the largest magmatic sulfide deposit in east Tianshan. It consists of a layered unit of lherzolite, gabbro and diorite and a massive unit of olivine gabbronorite and gabbronorite. Both units formed from siliceous high magnesium basaltic (SHMB) magmas derived from a hydrous, depleted mantle source. The two units of the Huangshandong intrusion formed from magmas that have undergone different processes through the evolution of the magma plumbing system. The early magma pulse gained sulfur‐saturation before the emplacement and small amounts of sulfide (<0.03%) were removed to result in a PGE‐depleted, high‐Mg magma. This magma achieved sulfide‐saturation again in a staging magma chamber through crustal contamination and fractional crystallization of olivine and Cr‐spinel (an AFC process) to form the layered unit. A second magma pulse underwent fractionation of more olivine +/‐ Cr‐spinel but less sulfide (<0.003%) removal before the emplacement and became evolved, PEG‐undepleted and low‐Mg before the injection into the magma chamber. Mixing of the two magmas triggered sulfide‐saturation to form sulfide ores with variable PGE, Ni and Cu compositions. The study suggests that SHMB‐like magmatism, produced by melting of depleted and hydrous mantle source, may be an important feature of orogenic belts. Mafic‐ultramafic intrusions formed from SHMB‐like magmas may host economic sulfide deposits, particularly sulfide Ni‐Cu sulfide deposits.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectRocks, Ultrabasic - China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu.
Intrusions (Geology) - China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu.
Sulfide minerals - China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu.
Dept/ProgramEarth Sciences
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180960

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorZhou, MF-
dc.contributor.advisorSun, M-
dc.contributor.authorGao, Jianfeng-
dc.contributor.author高剑峰-
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-07T06:21:30Z-
dc.date.available2013-02-07T06:21:30Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationGao, J. [高剑峰]. (2012). Petrogenesis of permian sulfide-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions in southeast Chinese Altay and east Tianshan, NW China. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961780-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180960-
dc.description.abstractThe Central Asia Orogenic Belt is one of the largest accretionary orogenic belts in the world. In this belt, many sulfide‐bearing mafic‐ultramafic intrusions occur along faults, including the Kalatongke complex in southeast Chinese Altay and the Huangshandong intrusion in east Tianshan. The Kalatongke complex is a composite body including ~308Ma dioritic intrusion and 287Ma sulfide‐bearing mafic intrusion. The dioritic intrusion consists of biotite‐hornblende gabbro, diorite and quartz diorite. This intrusion was formed from a mixture of an evolved mantle‐derived magma and a crust‐derived adakitic magma combined with fractional crystallization of clinopyroxene, amphibole and plagioclase. The mafic intrusion is dominantly made up of norite in which sulfide ores, including disseminated, massive Ni‐Cu and massive Cu‐rich ores, are hosted. This intrusion was formed from two different pulses of basaltic magmas that had different magma evolution histories. The early magma pulse reached sulfide‐saturation due to minor crustal contamination and a small amount of sulfide (<0.03%) was removed before the emplacement. The evolved magmas then entered a shallow magma chamber and assimilated crustal materials to attain sulfide‐saturation again. Sulfide liquids segregated from the magma to form massive Ni‐Cu and massive Cu‐rich ores through further fractionation and residual silicate melts formed norites. A second pulse of magma underwent removal of <0.02% sulfides with stronger crustal contamination, and re‐attained S‐saturation during the emplacement and became a phenocryst‐laden magma. This magma then intruded the earlier formed massive sulfide ores and norites, forming the disseminated sulfide ores. The Permian Huangshandong mafic‐ultramafic intrusion hosts the largest magmatic sulfide deposit in east Tianshan. It consists of a layered unit of lherzolite, gabbro and diorite and a massive unit of olivine gabbronorite and gabbronorite. Both units formed from siliceous high magnesium basaltic (SHMB) magmas derived from a hydrous, depleted mantle source. The two units of the Huangshandong intrusion formed from magmas that have undergone different processes through the evolution of the magma plumbing system. The early magma pulse gained sulfur‐saturation before the emplacement and small amounts of sulfide (<0.03%) were removed to result in a PGE‐depleted, high‐Mg magma. This magma achieved sulfide‐saturation again in a staging magma chamber through crustal contamination and fractional crystallization of olivine and Cr‐spinel (an AFC process) to form the layered unit. A second magma pulse underwent fractionation of more olivine +/‐ Cr‐spinel but less sulfide (<0.003%) removal before the emplacement and became evolved, PEG‐undepleted and low‐Mg before the injection into the magma chamber. Mixing of the two magmas triggered sulfide‐saturation to form sulfide ores with variable PGE, Ni and Cu compositions. The study suggests that SHMB‐like magmatism, produced by melting of depleted and hydrous mantle source, may be an important feature of orogenic belts. Mafic‐ultramafic intrusions formed from SHMB‐like magmas may host economic sulfide deposits, particularly sulfide Ni‐Cu sulfide deposits.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B49617801-
dc.subject.lcshRocks, Ultrabasic - China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu.-
dc.subject.lcshIntrusions (Geology) - China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu.-
dc.subject.lcshSulfide minerals - China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu.-
dc.titlePetrogenesis of permian sulfide-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions insoutheast Chinese Altay and east Tianshan, NW China-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4961780-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineEarth Sciences-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4961780-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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