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postgraduate thesis: Expression profile, molecular regulation and immuno-inflammatory function of LPS-binding protein in human oral keratinocytes

TitleExpression profile, molecular regulation and immuno-inflammatory function of LPS-binding protein in human oral keratinocytes
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Jin, L
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Ding, P. [丁佩惠]. (2012). Expression profile, molecular regulation and immuno-inflammatory function of LPS-binding protein in human oral keratinocytes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961779
AbstractLipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (LBP) functions as a crucial molecule in innate immune responses to bacterial challenge. Our recent study shows the expression of LBP in human gingiva and its significant association with periodontal condition. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a keystone periodontopathogen with its LPS as a major virulence factor strongly involved in periodontal pathogenesis. Recent study has discovered that P. gingivalis LPS displays a significant lipid A structural heterogeneity. The present study investigated i) the expression profile of LBP in human oral keratinocytes (HOKs) stimulated by P. gingivalis LPS with penta-acylated (LPS1690) and tetra- (LPS1435/1449) lipid A structures as well as E. coli LPS; ii) the involvement of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and downstream signaling mechanisms in LBP expression; and iii) the effects of LBP and its crosstalk with the two isoforms of P. gingivalis LPS on the expression of cytokines and human β-defensins (hBD-2) in HOKs. The expression of LBP mRNA and peptide was significantly up-regulated by P. gingivalis LPS1690 and E. coli LPS, while not by P. gingivalis LPS1435/1449. P. gingivalis LPS1690-induced LBP expression was through both TLR2 and TLR4, and the relevant down-stream signaling mechanisms were then further investigated. Western blot results showed that P. gingivalis LPS1690 activated the phosphorylation of IκBα, p65, p38 MAPK and SAPK/JNK, whereas E. coli LPS phosphorylated IκBα, p38 MAPK and SAPK/JNK. A nuclear translocation of NF-κB transcription factor was confirmed upon stimulation by both forms of LPS. Further blocking assay revealed that P. gingivalis LPS1690 induction of LBP was through NF-κB and p38 MPAK pathways, while E. coli LPS induction of LBP was mediated by NF-κB, p38 MPAK and JNK pathways. The effects of LBP and its crosstalk with P. gingivalis LPS1690 or LPS1435/1449 on the expression of cytokines and hBD-2 were further investigated. Interestingly, recombinant human LBP (rhLBP) per se could significantly up-regulate the expression of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, while down-regulate hBD-2 expression. P. gingivalis LPS1690 or LPS1435/1449 modulated to different extents the rhLBP-induced cytokine expression. Notably, P. gingivalis LPS1690 significantly down-regulated rhLBP-induced IL-8 expression; whereas, P. gingivalis LPS1435/1449 down-regulated IL-8 expression more intensively (around 80% vs. 40% reduction). The key mediators of TLRs and their adaptors like CD180 and MD-1 were significantly down-regulated by rhLBP (fold changes: -2.44 and -9.62, respectively). Both CD180 and MD-1 mRNAs were up-regulated by P. gingivalis LPS1435/1449 (7.11 and 4.05 folds, respectively); while these two genes were reversely modulated by P. gingivalis LPS1690 (20.86 and -6.93 folds, respectively). The present study demonstrates that P. gingivalis LPS with a lipid A structural heterogeneity differentially modulates LBP expression in HOKs. P. gingivalis LPS1690 promotes LBP expression in HOKs through TLR2 and TLR4 as well as NF-κB and p38 MAPK pathways in a way different from E. coli LPS. rhLBP per se significantly up-regulates the expression of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, while down-regulates hBD-2 expression. P. gingivalis LPS with different lipid A structures down-regulates to different extents the rhLBP-induced expression of cytokines in HOKs, likely through fine-tuning of the CD180-MD1 complex and the relevant TLRs.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectKeratinocytes.
Endotoxins.
Dept/ProgramDentistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180959

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorJin, L-
dc.contributor.authorDing, Peihui.-
dc.contributor.author丁佩惠.-
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-07T06:21:26Z-
dc.date.available2013-02-07T06:21:26Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationDing, P. [丁佩惠]. (2012). Expression profile, molecular regulation and immuno-inflammatory function of LPS-binding protein in human oral keratinocytes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4961779-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180959-
dc.description.abstractLipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (LBP) functions as a crucial molecule in innate immune responses to bacterial challenge. Our recent study shows the expression of LBP in human gingiva and its significant association with periodontal condition. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a keystone periodontopathogen with its LPS as a major virulence factor strongly involved in periodontal pathogenesis. Recent study has discovered that P. gingivalis LPS displays a significant lipid A structural heterogeneity. The present study investigated i) the expression profile of LBP in human oral keratinocytes (HOKs) stimulated by P. gingivalis LPS with penta-acylated (LPS1690) and tetra- (LPS1435/1449) lipid A structures as well as E. coli LPS; ii) the involvement of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and downstream signaling mechanisms in LBP expression; and iii) the effects of LBP and its crosstalk with the two isoforms of P. gingivalis LPS on the expression of cytokines and human β-defensins (hBD-2) in HOKs. The expression of LBP mRNA and peptide was significantly up-regulated by P. gingivalis LPS1690 and E. coli LPS, while not by P. gingivalis LPS1435/1449. P. gingivalis LPS1690-induced LBP expression was through both TLR2 and TLR4, and the relevant down-stream signaling mechanisms were then further investigated. Western blot results showed that P. gingivalis LPS1690 activated the phosphorylation of IκBα, p65, p38 MAPK and SAPK/JNK, whereas E. coli LPS phosphorylated IκBα, p38 MAPK and SAPK/JNK. A nuclear translocation of NF-κB transcription factor was confirmed upon stimulation by both forms of LPS. Further blocking assay revealed that P. gingivalis LPS1690 induction of LBP was through NF-κB and p38 MPAK pathways, while E. coli LPS induction of LBP was mediated by NF-κB, p38 MPAK and JNK pathways. The effects of LBP and its crosstalk with P. gingivalis LPS1690 or LPS1435/1449 on the expression of cytokines and hBD-2 were further investigated. Interestingly, recombinant human LBP (rhLBP) per se could significantly up-regulate the expression of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, while down-regulate hBD-2 expression. P. gingivalis LPS1690 or LPS1435/1449 modulated to different extents the rhLBP-induced cytokine expression. Notably, P. gingivalis LPS1690 significantly down-regulated rhLBP-induced IL-8 expression; whereas, P. gingivalis LPS1435/1449 down-regulated IL-8 expression more intensively (around 80% vs. 40% reduction). The key mediators of TLRs and their adaptors like CD180 and MD-1 were significantly down-regulated by rhLBP (fold changes: -2.44 and -9.62, respectively). Both CD180 and MD-1 mRNAs were up-regulated by P. gingivalis LPS1435/1449 (7.11 and 4.05 folds, respectively); while these two genes were reversely modulated by P. gingivalis LPS1690 (20.86 and -6.93 folds, respectively). The present study demonstrates that P. gingivalis LPS with a lipid A structural heterogeneity differentially modulates LBP expression in HOKs. P. gingivalis LPS1690 promotes LBP expression in HOKs through TLR2 and TLR4 as well as NF-κB and p38 MAPK pathways in a way different from E. coli LPS. rhLBP per se significantly up-regulates the expression of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, while down-regulates hBD-2 expression. P. gingivalis LPS with different lipid A structures down-regulates to different extents the rhLBP-induced expression of cytokines in HOKs, likely through fine-tuning of the CD180-MD1 complex and the relevant TLRs.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B49617795-
dc.subject.lcshKeratinocytes.-
dc.subject.lcshEndotoxins.-
dc.titleExpression profile, molecular regulation and immuno-inflammatory function of LPS-binding protein in human oral keratinocytes-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4961779-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineDentistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4961779-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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