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Article: Influence of marine reserves on coral disease prevalence

TitleInfluence of marine reserves on coral disease prevalence
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherInter-Research. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.int-res.com/journals/dao/index.html
Citation
Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms, 2009, v. 87 n. 1-2, p. 135-150 How to Cite?
AbstractPredicted increases in disease with climate warming highlight the need for effective management strategies to mitigate disease effects in coral communities. We examined the role of marine protected areas (MPAs) in reducing disease in corals and the hypothesis that the composition of fish communities can influence coral health, by comparing disease prevalence between MPA and non-protected (control) reefs in Palau. Overall, the prevalence of diseases pooled, as well as the prevalence of skeletal eroding band (SEB), brown band disease (BrB) and growth anomalies (GAs) individually in major disease hosts (families Acroporidae and Poritidae), were not significantly reduced within MPAs. In fact, the prevalence of SEB was 2-fold higher within MPAs overall; however, the 4 studied MPAs were ineffective in enhancing coral assemblage or fish stock health. A negative association between the prevalence of SEB and richness of a fish species targeted by fishers in Palau highlights the potential role that well-managed MPAs could play in reducing SEB. The composition of coral communities and their susceptibility to bleaching also influenced the prevalence of disease on the studied reefs. The prevalence of diseases pooled and SEB were positively associated with the cover of major disease hosts (families Acroporidae and Poritidae), and the prevalence of BrB and bleaching were also positively associated. Although our study did not show positive effects of MPAs on coral heath, we did identify the potential for increased fish diversity within MPAs to reduce coral disease. Our study also highlights the complexity of relationships between fish assemblages, coral community composition and coral health on Indo-Pacific reefs. © Inter-Research 2009.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180769
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.77
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.964
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorPage, CAen_US
dc.contributor.authorBaker, DMen_US
dc.contributor.authorHarvell, CDen_US
dc.contributor.authorGolbuu, Yen_US
dc.contributor.authorRaymundo, Len_US
dc.contributor.authorNeale, SJen_US
dc.contributor.authorRosell, KBen_US
dc.contributor.authorRypien, KLen_US
dc.contributor.authorAndras, JPen_US
dc.contributor.authorWillis, BLen_US
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-28T01:43:18Z-
dc.date.available2013-01-28T01:43:18Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.citationDiseases Of Aquatic Organisms, 2009, v. 87 n. 1-2, p. 135-150en_US
dc.identifier.issn0177-5103en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/180769-
dc.description.abstractPredicted increases in disease with climate warming highlight the need for effective management strategies to mitigate disease effects in coral communities. We examined the role of marine protected areas (MPAs) in reducing disease in corals and the hypothesis that the composition of fish communities can influence coral health, by comparing disease prevalence between MPA and non-protected (control) reefs in Palau. Overall, the prevalence of diseases pooled, as well as the prevalence of skeletal eroding band (SEB), brown band disease (BrB) and growth anomalies (GAs) individually in major disease hosts (families Acroporidae and Poritidae), were not significantly reduced within MPAs. In fact, the prevalence of SEB was 2-fold higher within MPAs overall; however, the 4 studied MPAs were ineffective in enhancing coral assemblage or fish stock health. A negative association between the prevalence of SEB and richness of a fish species targeted by fishers in Palau highlights the potential role that well-managed MPAs could play in reducing SEB. The composition of coral communities and their susceptibility to bleaching also influenced the prevalence of disease on the studied reefs. The prevalence of diseases pooled and SEB were positively associated with the cover of major disease hosts (families Acroporidae and Poritidae), and the prevalence of BrB and bleaching were also positively associated. Although our study did not show positive effects of MPAs on coral heath, we did identify the potential for increased fish diversity within MPAs to reduce coral disease. Our study also highlights the complexity of relationships between fish assemblages, coral community composition and coral health on Indo-Pacific reefs. © Inter-Research 2009.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherInter-Research. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.int-res.com/journals/dao/index.htmlen_US
dc.relation.ispartofDiseases of Aquatic Organismsen_US
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen_US
dc.subject.meshAnthozoa - Microbiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshClimate Changeen_US
dc.subject.meshConservation Of Natural Resources - Methodsen_US
dc.subject.meshEcosystemen_US
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Monitoringen_US
dc.subject.meshOceans And Seasen_US
dc.subject.meshPalauen_US
dc.titleInfluence of marine reserves on coral disease prevalenceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailBaker, DM: dmbaker@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityBaker, DM=rp01712en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3354/dao02112en_US
dc.identifier.pmid20095248-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-70450177572en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-70450177572&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume87en_US
dc.identifier.issue1-2en_US
dc.identifier.spage135en_US
dc.identifier.epage150en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000272675600013-
dc.publisher.placeGermanyen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPage, CA=13205167500en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBaker, DM=55449577100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHarvell, CD=7003971964en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGolbuu, Y=16068398300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRaymundo, L=6603137712en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridNeale, SJ=35741351900en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRosell, KB=35741618400en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridRypien, KL=13204566100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAndras, JP=16506208300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWillis, BL=7101749421en_US

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