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postgraduate thesis: Migration and the risk of HIV infection: a review in Asia

TitleMigration and the risk of HIV infection: a review in Asia
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Tang, C. [鄧翠瑩]. (2012). Migration and the risk of HIV infection : a review in Asia. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842559
AbstractAsia has populated with the second largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. Under the advancement of transportation, the open up of borders between cities and countries, and the process of globalisation, people move from their place of origin to other places for better living conditions and employment opportunities. Mobile people and migrants are identified as the high risk population of HIV infection. Poverty, discrimination, limited access to healthcare and social services, separation with supports and families, being alienated in resident communities, and gender inequalities are the unfavourable conditions which make the migrant population vulnerable to HIV infection. Existing literatures have investigated and examined the potential risk factors among the mobile population. Inconsistencies were found among research but high risk sexual behaviours and poor knowledge and attitude were observed and reviewed within the migrants. However, literatures which compared the people who migrated with other local people in the same population were not yet reviewed systemically. Therefore, this paper aimed to review the articles which compare the migrant group and the non-migrant group in Asian population to identify the association between migration and the risks of HIV infection. A literature search of five databases (PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang Med Online) was performed and nine articles were eventually selected for review. The migration status of literature was studied as explanatory variable and compared across studies. Outcome variables of interest were grouped into four categories as: demographic characteristics, sexual practices, awareness towards HIV/AIDS, and disease prevalence. To conclude, compared to people who did not migrate, migrants in Asia were more tend to be less educated, have multiple sex partners, engage in high risk sexual intercourse and commercial sex, but their overall condom usage were lower. Also, they had higher risk of sexually transmitted infections and poorer knowledge in HIV/AIDS.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectHIV infections - Asia.
Dept/ProgramPublic Health

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTang, Chui-ying.-
dc.contributor.author鄧翠瑩.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationTang, C. [鄧翠瑩]. (2012). Migration and the risk of HIV infection : a review in Asia. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842559-
dc.description.abstractAsia has populated with the second largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. Under the advancement of transportation, the open up of borders between cities and countries, and the process of globalisation, people move from their place of origin to other places for better living conditions and employment opportunities. Mobile people and migrants are identified as the high risk population of HIV infection. Poverty, discrimination, limited access to healthcare and social services, separation with supports and families, being alienated in resident communities, and gender inequalities are the unfavourable conditions which make the migrant population vulnerable to HIV infection. Existing literatures have investigated and examined the potential risk factors among the mobile population. Inconsistencies were found among research but high risk sexual behaviours and poor knowledge and attitude were observed and reviewed within the migrants. However, literatures which compared the people who migrated with other local people in the same population were not yet reviewed systemically. Therefore, this paper aimed to review the articles which compare the migrant group and the non-migrant group in Asian population to identify the association between migration and the risks of HIV infection. A literature search of five databases (PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang Med Online) was performed and nine articles were eventually selected for review. The migration status of literature was studied as explanatory variable and compared across studies. Outcome variables of interest were grouped into four categories as: demographic characteristics, sexual practices, awareness towards HIV/AIDS, and disease prevalence. To conclude, compared to people who did not migrate, migrants in Asia were more tend to be less educated, have multiple sex partners, engage in high risk sexual intercourse and commercial sex, but their overall condom usage were lower. Also, they had higher risk of sexually transmitted infections and poorer knowledge in HIV/AIDS.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B4842559X-
dc.subject.lcshHIV infections - Asia.-
dc.titleMigration and the risk of HIV infection: a review in Asia-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4842559-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4842559-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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