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postgraduate thesis: Systematic review on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and food additives in children

TitleSystematic review on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and food additives in children
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Shum, C. [沈卓慧]. (2012). Systematic review on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and food additives in children. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842533
AbstractAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. It is the most commonly diagnosed psychosocial problems in childhood with continuing impact into adulthood. This systematic review aims to identify the role of food additives, specifically artificial food coloring, in ADHD and its symptoms. PubMed, Sciencdirect, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar databases (1991-April 2012) were searched, which was supplemented by manual searches of the reference lists. Seven randomized or quasicontrolled trials of elimination diet were summarized. Six of these studies showed artificial food coloring was positively associated with ADHD and its symptoms. This review provides some evidence that artificial food coloring plays a role in ADHD and its symptoms. However, the studies reviewed only showed behavioral improvement after eliminating certain type of artificial food coloring, which does not imply artificial food colorings cause ADHD. Additionally, small sample size, inconsistent definition of artificial food colouring, subjectively reported ADHD using various assessment tools, and possibly publication bias limit the generalizability of the findings. If causal, reducing the intake of artificial food coloring could provide an alternative treatment of ADHD in the future. Understanding the mechanism underlying the association may provide insights into the developmental origins of ADHD.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectAttention-deficit-disordered children.
Food additives - Health aspects.
Dept/ProgramPublic Health

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorShum, Cheuk-wai.-
dc.contributor.author沈卓慧.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationShum, C. [沈卓慧]. (2012). Systematic review on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and food additives in children. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842533-
dc.description.abstractAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. It is the most commonly diagnosed psychosocial problems in childhood with continuing impact into adulthood. This systematic review aims to identify the role of food additives, specifically artificial food coloring, in ADHD and its symptoms. PubMed, Sciencdirect, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar databases (1991-April 2012) were searched, which was supplemented by manual searches of the reference lists. Seven randomized or quasicontrolled trials of elimination diet were summarized. Six of these studies showed artificial food coloring was positively associated with ADHD and its symptoms. This review provides some evidence that artificial food coloring plays a role in ADHD and its symptoms. However, the studies reviewed only showed behavioral improvement after eliminating certain type of artificial food coloring, which does not imply artificial food colorings cause ADHD. Additionally, small sample size, inconsistent definition of artificial food colouring, subjectively reported ADHD using various assessment tools, and possibly publication bias limit the generalizability of the findings. If causal, reducing the intake of artificial food coloring could provide an alternative treatment of ADHD in the future. Understanding the mechanism underlying the association may provide insights into the developmental origins of ADHD.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48425333-
dc.subject.lcshAttention-deficit-disordered children.-
dc.subject.lcshFood additives - Health aspects.-
dc.titleSystematic review on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and food additives in children-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4842533-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4842533-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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