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postgraduate thesis: A comparative assessment of different legal systems and its impact on HIV/AIDS responses: a learning point for HongKong in the unabated fight against HIV/AIDS

TitleA comparative assessment of different legal systems and its impact on HIV/AIDS responses: a learning point for HongKong in the unabated fight against HIV/AIDS
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Lim, W. S. [林煒翔]. (2012). A comparative assessment of different legal systems and its impact on HIV/AIDS responses : a learning point for Hong Kong in the unabated fight against HIV/AIDS. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842463
AbstractAim. This paper reveals key considerations required to reform and enact public health legislation to reduce and maintain the low prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), in light of the growing global transmission of the epidemic. Background. There are a total of 33.3 million people living with HIV/AIDS globally, with 2.7 million becoming newly infected in 2010. Despite an overall global decline in HIV incidence of 19%, the number of newly infected people still exceeds the amount of people placed on antiretroviral drugs. HKSAR experienced a 0.5% increase in incidence in 2011, with 438 new cases reported to the Department of Health. There are currently no protective or punitive laws either for or against people living with HIV/AIDS, Men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers or injecting drug users in HKSAR. Additionally, HIV/AIDS is not reportable under the notifiable disease act. Methods. The data used was collected between 1983 and 2012 and researched using electronic databases: MEDLINE, Google Scholar and Web of Science. Results. Ten studies met the inclusion criteria. The themes identified from the literature are: (1) True prevalence not reflected due to unawareness of serostatus, (2) Low uptake of screening due to the fear of stigmatisation, discrimination and/or prosecution and (3) Protective laws encourage responsibility. The statistics of HIV/AIDS in HKSAR may not be reflective of the true prevalence given the current methods of data collection. Additionally, the legal system in HKSAR fails to protect against discrimination based on an individual’s sexual orientation, which can potentially exacerbate existing stigma and consequently fuel the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Hong Kong. Conclusion. The inclusion of HIV/AIDS under the notifiable disease act can provide a more accurate prevalence and incidence rate. It can also be used as a tool to evaluate ongoing prevention efforts. HIV/AIDS specific laws, with regard to transmission and exposure, are detrimental to public health efforts in managing the epidemic. Instead, protective laws, such as anti-discrimination laws and the furthering of women’s rights, would yield greater benefits.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectAIDS (Disease) - Law and legislation.
Dept/ProgramPublic Health

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLim, Wei Siang.-
dc.contributor.author林煒翔.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationLim, W. S. [林煒翔]. (2012). A comparative assessment of different legal systems and its impact on HIV/AIDS responses : a learning point for Hong Kong in the unabated fight against HIV/AIDS. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4842463-
dc.description.abstractAim. This paper reveals key considerations required to reform and enact public health legislation to reduce and maintain the low prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), in light of the growing global transmission of the epidemic. Background. There are a total of 33.3 million people living with HIV/AIDS globally, with 2.7 million becoming newly infected in 2010. Despite an overall global decline in HIV incidence of 19%, the number of newly infected people still exceeds the amount of people placed on antiretroviral drugs. HKSAR experienced a 0.5% increase in incidence in 2011, with 438 new cases reported to the Department of Health. There are currently no protective or punitive laws either for or against people living with HIV/AIDS, Men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers or injecting drug users in HKSAR. Additionally, HIV/AIDS is not reportable under the notifiable disease act. Methods. The data used was collected between 1983 and 2012 and researched using electronic databases: MEDLINE, Google Scholar and Web of Science. Results. Ten studies met the inclusion criteria. The themes identified from the literature are: (1) True prevalence not reflected due to unawareness of serostatus, (2) Low uptake of screening due to the fear of stigmatisation, discrimination and/or prosecution and (3) Protective laws encourage responsibility. The statistics of HIV/AIDS in HKSAR may not be reflective of the true prevalence given the current methods of data collection. Additionally, the legal system in HKSAR fails to protect against discrimination based on an individual’s sexual orientation, which can potentially exacerbate existing stigma and consequently fuel the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Hong Kong. Conclusion. The inclusion of HIV/AIDS under the notifiable disease act can provide a more accurate prevalence and incidence rate. It can also be used as a tool to evaluate ongoing prevention efforts. HIV/AIDS specific laws, with regard to transmission and exposure, are detrimental to public health efforts in managing the epidemic. Instead, protective laws, such as anti-discrimination laws and the furthering of women’s rights, would yield greater benefits.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48424638-
dc.subject.lcshAIDS (Disease) - Law and legislation.-
dc.titleA comparative assessment of different legal systems and its impact on HIV/AIDS responses: a learning point for HongKong in the unabated fight against HIV/AIDS-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4842463-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4842463-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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