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Article: Do trait anxiety and age predict state anxiety of school-age children?

TitleDo trait anxiety and age predict state anxiety of school-age children?
Authors
Issue Date2005
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0962-1067
Citation
Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 2005, v. 14 n. 9, p. 1083-1089 How to Cite?
AbstractAim. The aim of this study was to determine whether the trait anxiety scores and age of children could predict their state anxiety scores under stressful and relaxing situations. Background. Surgery can cause considerable stress and anxiety that can have a profound effect on children. It is crucial for nurses to differentiate preoperative anxiety levels in children and to identify those children who are most likely to exhibit high levels of anxiety when undergoing surgery before any intervention can be appropriately planned, provided and evaluated. Methods. A test-retest within subjects design was used. Five hundred and nineteen primary school-age children were invited to participate in the study. Participants were asked to respond to the Chinese version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children under stressful (pre-academic examination) and relaxing (post-academic examination) situations. Result. Multiple regression analysis showed that the trait anxiety of children was a strong predictor of their state anxiety in a stressful situation but not in a relaxed one. Compared to trait anxiety, age was found to be a weak predictor of the state anxiety of children in either situation. Conclusion. This study confirmed that trait anxiety of children could be predicted from their state anxiety under a stressful situation. Relevance to clinical practice. The trait anxiety scale could be a useful screening tool for nurses to identify those children who are most likely to exhibit high levels of anxiety when undergoing surgery. Understanding the trait anxiety of children in advance could help nurses implement appropriate preoperative psychological intervention that can meet the individual needs of the child and thus promote better recovery. © 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178279
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.384
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.755
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLi, HCWen_US
dc.contributor.authorLopez, Ven_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-19T09:44:59Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-19T09:44:59Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Clinical Nursing, 2005, v. 14 n. 9, p. 1083-1089en_US
dc.identifier.issn0962-1067en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178279-
dc.description.abstractAim. The aim of this study was to determine whether the trait anxiety scores and age of children could predict their state anxiety scores under stressful and relaxing situations. Background. Surgery can cause considerable stress and anxiety that can have a profound effect on children. It is crucial for nurses to differentiate preoperative anxiety levels in children and to identify those children who are most likely to exhibit high levels of anxiety when undergoing surgery before any intervention can be appropriately planned, provided and evaluated. Methods. A test-retest within subjects design was used. Five hundred and nineteen primary school-age children were invited to participate in the study. Participants were asked to respond to the Chinese version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children under stressful (pre-academic examination) and relaxing (post-academic examination) situations. Result. Multiple regression analysis showed that the trait anxiety of children was a strong predictor of their state anxiety in a stressful situation but not in a relaxed one. Compared to trait anxiety, age was found to be a weak predictor of the state anxiety of children in either situation. Conclusion. This study confirmed that trait anxiety of children could be predicted from their state anxiety under a stressful situation. Relevance to clinical practice. The trait anxiety scale could be a useful screening tool for nurses to identify those children who are most likely to exhibit high levels of anxiety when undergoing surgery. Understanding the trait anxiety of children in advance could help nurses implement appropriate preoperative psychological intervention that can meet the individual needs of the child and thus promote better recovery. © 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0962-1067en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Clinical Nursingen_US
dc.subject.meshAge Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshAnxiety - Diagnosis - Etiology - Prevention & Control - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshAttitude To Healthen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshChild Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshChild, Hospitalized - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshChinaen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMass Screening - Methods - Standardsen_US
dc.subject.meshNurse's Roleen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Assessment - Methods - Standardsen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Evaluation Researchen_US
dc.subject.meshPatient Care Planningen_US
dc.subject.meshPediatric Nursingen_US
dc.subject.meshPerioperative Nursingen_US
dc.subject.meshPersonality Inventory - Standardsen_US
dc.subject.meshPredictive Value Of Testsen_US
dc.subject.meshPreoperative Care - Nursing - Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPsychometricsen_US
dc.subject.meshRegression Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshSeverity Of Illness Indexen_US
dc.subject.meshTranslatingen_US
dc.titleDo trait anxiety and age predict state anxiety of school-age children?en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLi, HCW: william3@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLi, HCW=rp00528en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-2702.2005.01223.xen_US
dc.identifier.pmid16164526-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-25844435680en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-25844435680&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume14en_US
dc.identifier.issue9en_US
dc.identifier.spage1083en_US
dc.identifier.epage1089en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLi, HCW=8973660200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLopez, V=7103022537en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike317323-

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