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Article: Effect of the orienting response on sensory discriminability.

TitleEffect of the orienting response on sensory discriminability.
Authors
Issue Date1985
PublisherAmmons Scientific Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.amsciepub.com/loi/pms
Citation
Perceptual And Motor Skills, 1985, v. 61 n. 3 Pt 1, p. 987-1003 How to Cite?
AbstractThe effects of orienting responses to different types of stimuli on acquisition of information were studied. Subjects underwent a standard habituation series of 15 trials. On Trial 16, they received one of following three stimuli: (a) no-change stimulus--same stimulus as habituation stimulus, (b) innocuous-change stimulus, (c) significant-change stimulus--the subject's own name. These orienting stimuli were followed 500 msec. later by an imperative stimulus (100 msec.) which contained a number of Chinese characters. The subjects were then unexpectedly asked to recall and recognize these characters. Recall and recognition were consistently superior in conditions with significant and innocuous change relative to no change, which indicated that the orienting response to unexpected stimuli is related to a generalized perceptual enhancement. The data pose problems for the position that the orienting response reflects only the passive 'registration' of the eliciting stimulus information. While digital pulse-amplitude data showed no difference among the conditions for the change trial, these conditions were differentiated by electrodermal and cardiac changes.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178152
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.618
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.299
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorShek, DTen_US
dc.contributor.authorSpinks, JAen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-19T09:43:06Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-19T09:43:06Z-
dc.date.issued1985en_US
dc.identifier.citationPerceptual And Motor Skills, 1985, v. 61 n. 3 Pt 1, p. 987-1003en_US
dc.identifier.issn0031-5125en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178152-
dc.description.abstractThe effects of orienting responses to different types of stimuli on acquisition of information were studied. Subjects underwent a standard habituation series of 15 trials. On Trial 16, they received one of following three stimuli: (a) no-change stimulus--same stimulus as habituation stimulus, (b) innocuous-change stimulus, (c) significant-change stimulus--the subject's own name. These orienting stimuli were followed 500 msec. later by an imperative stimulus (100 msec.) which contained a number of Chinese characters. The subjects were then unexpectedly asked to recall and recognize these characters. Recall and recognition were consistently superior in conditions with significant and innocuous change relative to no change, which indicated that the orienting response to unexpected stimuli is related to a generalized perceptual enhancement. The data pose problems for the position that the orienting response reflects only the passive 'registration' of the eliciting stimulus information. While digital pulse-amplitude data showed no difference among the conditions for the change trial, these conditions were differentiated by electrodermal and cardiac changes.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherAmmons Scientific Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.amsciepub.com/loi/pmsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPerceptual and motor skillsen_US
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshArousalen_US
dc.subject.meshAttentionen_US
dc.subject.meshDiscrimination (Psychology)en_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHabituation, Psychophysiologicen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshOrientationen_US
dc.subject.meshVisual Perceptionen_US
dc.titleEffect of the orienting response on sensory discriminability.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSpinks, JA: spinks@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySpinks, JA=rp00063en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.2466/pms.1985.61.3.987-
dc.identifier.pmid4088785-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0022300475en_US
dc.identifier.volume61en_US
dc.identifier.issue3 Pt 1en_US
dc.identifier.spage987en_US
dc.identifier.epage1003en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1985AWH8800052-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridShek, DT=7005710405en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSpinks, JA=6701628658en_US

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