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Article: A review of the petrology of harzburgites at Hess Deep and Garrett Deep: Implications for mantle processes beneath segments of the East Pacific Rise

TitleA review of the petrology of harzburgites at Hess Deep and Garrett Deep: Implications for mantle processes beneath segments of the East Pacific Rise
Authors
Issue Date1996
PublisherGeological Society Publishing House. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/sp
Citation
Geological Society Special Publication, 1996, v. 118, p. 143-156 How to Cite?
AbstractIn recent years a unique set of samples of uppermost mantle at the mantle-crust transition zone have been collected from two different environments along the fastspreading East Pacific Rise (EPR): a 'normal' spreading segment (represented by samples from Hess Deep) and the end of a spreading segment where the EPR meets the Garrett transform fault (represented by samples from Garrett Deep). A review of the petrology of harzburgites from the two sites demonstrates that these rocks were produced by partial melting of adiabatically upwelling mantle and, subsequently, at the top of the mantle, they were impregnated by reactive and crystallizing mid-ocean ridge basaltic (MORB) melts. Despite this similar history, non-impregnated harzburgites at Garrett Deep have a more fertile spinal chemistry than those at Hess Deep, which is consistent with reduced partial melting of shallow mantle as a transform fault is aproached - the 'transform fault effect'. The extent of reaction between melt and harzburgite during the impregnation event suggests that melt arrived in the uppermost mantle in a highly reactive state because along the adiabatic path it had been highly chanelled in spatially restricted conduits. This implies that mantle upwelling below the EPR was, and presumably still is, dominantly two dimensional (sheet-like). Within this framework, the chemical evolution of MORB melt below fast-spreading ridges will be significantly affected by melt-peridotite reaction only when melt reaches the uppermost mantle and mantle-crust transition zone, where along-axis transport of melt may also be important. Although the harzburgites from Hess Deep and Garrett Deep formed and evolved beneath different parts of different first-order segments of the EPR, the petrology of these rocks presents the best analogue available for defining real variations in mantle processes along a single first-order ridge segment in a fast-spreading environment.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178109
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.747
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, SJen_US
dc.contributor.authorFalloon, TJen_US
dc.contributor.authorMalpas, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorPedersen, RBen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-19T09:42:56Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-19T09:42:56Z-
dc.date.issued1996en_US
dc.identifier.citationGeological Society Special Publication, 1996, v. 118, p. 143-156en_US
dc.identifier.issn0305-8719en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/178109-
dc.description.abstractIn recent years a unique set of samples of uppermost mantle at the mantle-crust transition zone have been collected from two different environments along the fastspreading East Pacific Rise (EPR): a 'normal' spreading segment (represented by samples from Hess Deep) and the end of a spreading segment where the EPR meets the Garrett transform fault (represented by samples from Garrett Deep). A review of the petrology of harzburgites from the two sites demonstrates that these rocks were produced by partial melting of adiabatically upwelling mantle and, subsequently, at the top of the mantle, they were impregnated by reactive and crystallizing mid-ocean ridge basaltic (MORB) melts. Despite this similar history, non-impregnated harzburgites at Garrett Deep have a more fertile spinal chemistry than those at Hess Deep, which is consistent with reduced partial melting of shallow mantle as a transform fault is aproached - the 'transform fault effect'. The extent of reaction between melt and harzburgite during the impregnation event suggests that melt arrived in the uppermost mantle in a highly reactive state because along the adiabatic path it had been highly chanelled in spatially restricted conduits. This implies that mantle upwelling below the EPR was, and presumably still is, dominantly two dimensional (sheet-like). Within this framework, the chemical evolution of MORB melt below fast-spreading ridges will be significantly affected by melt-peridotite reaction only when melt reaches the uppermost mantle and mantle-crust transition zone, where along-axis transport of melt may also be important. Although the harzburgites from Hess Deep and Garrett Deep formed and evolved beneath different parts of different first-order segments of the EPR, the petrology of these rocks presents the best analogue available for defining real variations in mantle processes along a single first-order ridge segment in a fast-spreading environment.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherGeological Society Publishing House. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/spen_US
dc.relation.ispartofGeological Society Special Publicationen_US
dc.titleA review of the petrology of harzburgites at Hess Deep and Garrett Deep: Implications for mantle processes beneath segments of the East Pacific Riseen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailMalpas, J: jgmalpas@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityMalpas, J=rp00059en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1144/GSL.SP.1996.118.01.08en_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0008248886en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0008248886&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume118en_US
dc.identifier.spage143en_US
dc.identifier.epage156en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridEdwards, SJ=7401520329en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridFalloon, TJ=6701883184en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMalpas, J=7006136845en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridPedersen, RB=7101996213en_US

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