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Article: Tai-chi for residential patients with schizophrenia on movement coordination, negative symptoms, and functioning: a pilot randomized controlled trial

TitleTai-chi for residential patients with schizophrenia on movement coordination, negative symptoms, and functioning: a pilot randomized controlled trial
Authors
KeywordsRehabilitation care
Residential care
Schizophrenia
Tai Chi
Functional disease
Issue Date2012
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/
Citation
Evidence - Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012, v. 2012, article no. 923925 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective. Patients with schizophrenia residing at institutions often suffer from negative symptoms, motor, and functional impairments more severe than their noninstitutionalized counterparts. Tai-chi emphasizes body relaxation, alertness, and movement coordination with benefits to balance, focus, and stress relief. This pilot study explored the efficacy of Tai-chi on movement coordination, negative symptoms, and functioning disabilities towards schizophrenia. Methods. A randomized waitlist control design was adopted, where participants were randomized to receive either the 6-week Tai-chi program and standard residential care or only the latter. 30 Chinese patients with schizophrenia were recruited from a rehabilitation residency. All were assessed on movement coordination, negative symptoms, and functional disabilities at baseline, following intervention and 6 weeks after intervention. Results. Tai-chi buffered from deteriorations in movement coordination and interpersonal functioning, the latter with sustained effectiveness 6 weeks after the class was ended. Controls showed marked deteriorations in those areas. The Tai-chi group also experienced fewer disruptions to life activities at the 6-week maintenance. There was no significant improvement in negative symptoms after Tai-chi. Conclusions. This study demonstrated encouraging benefits of Tai-chi in preventing deteriorations in movement coordination and interpersonal functioning for residential patients with schizophrenia. The ease of implementation facilitates promotion at institutional psychiatric services.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/177380
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.931
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.615
PubMed Central ID
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, RTHen_US
dc.contributor.authorAu Yeung, FSWen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, PHYen_US
dc.contributor.authorLaw, KYen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, KOKen_US
dc.contributor.authorCheung, IKMen_US
dc.contributor.authorNg, SMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-18T05:06:25Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-18T05:06:25Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationEvidence - Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012, v. 2012, article no. 923925en_US
dc.identifier.issn1741-427X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/177380-
dc.description.abstractObjective. Patients with schizophrenia residing at institutions often suffer from negative symptoms, motor, and functional impairments more severe than their noninstitutionalized counterparts. Tai-chi emphasizes body relaxation, alertness, and movement coordination with benefits to balance, focus, and stress relief. This pilot study explored the efficacy of Tai-chi on movement coordination, negative symptoms, and functioning disabilities towards schizophrenia. Methods. A randomized waitlist control design was adopted, where participants were randomized to receive either the 6-week Tai-chi program and standard residential care or only the latter. 30 Chinese patients with schizophrenia were recruited from a rehabilitation residency. All were assessed on movement coordination, negative symptoms, and functional disabilities at baseline, following intervention and 6 weeks after intervention. Results. Tai-chi buffered from deteriorations in movement coordination and interpersonal functioning, the latter with sustained effectiveness 6 weeks after the class was ended. Controls showed marked deteriorations in those areas. The Tai-chi group also experienced fewer disruptions to life activities at the 6-week maintenance. There was no significant improvement in negative symptoms after Tai-chi. Conclusions. This study demonstrated encouraging benefits of Tai-chi in preventing deteriorations in movement coordination and interpersonal functioning for residential patients with schizophrenia. The ease of implementation facilitates promotion at institutional psychiatric services.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherHindawi Publishing Corporation. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/-
dc.relation.ispartofEvidence - Based Complementary and Alternative Medicineen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectRehabilitation care-
dc.subjectResidential care-
dc.subjectSchizophrenia-
dc.subjectTai Chi-
dc.subjectFunctional disease-
dc.titleTai-chi for residential patients with schizophrenia on movement coordination, negative symptoms, and functioning: a pilot randomized controlled trialen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailHo, RTH: tinho@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, PHY: h0205829@hkusua.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailCheung, IKM: irenech@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailNg, SM: ngsiuman@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityHo, RTH=rp00497en_US
dc.identifier.authorityNg, SM=rp00611en_US
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2012/923925-
dc.identifier.pmid23304224-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3524789-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84871453756-
dc.identifier.hkuros212567en_US
dc.identifier.volume2012, article no. 923925en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000311737900001-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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