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postgraduate thesis: Facial alveolar bone wall width: a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) study in Asians

TitleFacial alveolar bone wall width: a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) study in Asians
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zekry, A. K. A. A.. (2012). Facial alveolar bone wall width : a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) study in Asians. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4839566
AbstractBackground: The width of the facial alveolar bone wall is crucial for long term successful esthetic outcomes of implants immediately placed into extraction sockets. A threshold of 2 mm is recommended to minimize buccal vertical bone resorption. Aim: To assess the width of the facial alveolar bone wall using cone-beam computed tomography images (CBCT). Methods: Retrospective CBCT images were acquired from a representative sample of Asians using the i-CAT® classic system with a 0.4 mm voxel size. At random, 200 CBCT images were selected according to predefined criteria. The DICOM file was imported into the i-Cat Vision® software. In the panoramic screen, the middle of each tooth was selected and, in the sagittal window, the middle cross section was selected for performing the measurements using a computer. The vertical distance from the alveolar crest (BC) - CEJ was measured. The width of the facial alveolar bone wall was measured at three locations: 1, 3, and 5 mm apical to BC. Descriptive statistics, frequency analyses, and multi-level comparisons were performed. Results: The sample consisted of 74 males and 126 females (mean age of 37.2 years; range 17-82 years). A total of 3618 teeth were assessed. There was no significant difference between the values of right and left sides, or between genders. However, statistically significant differences were observed between age groups at all levels. The distance from CEJ-BC varied from 0.4 to 4mm, with an overall tendency to increase with age. The mean width of the facial alveolar bone wall at anterior teeth was 0.9 mm and increased towards posterior regions. Rarely, a width of 2 mm was yielded (0.6-1.8 % for anterior teeth, 0.7- 30.8 % for posterior teeth). At a 5mm distance from BC, minimal widths of facial alveolar bone were identified for the anterior teeth. The frequency of dehiscence ranged from 9.9- 51.6 % for anterior and 3.1- 53.6 % for posterior teeth, respectively. Conclusion and clinical implications: A thin facial alveolar bone wall was usually present in both jaws. Hence, for most patients, adjunctive bone augmentation may be needed when installing implants in areas of esthetic concern.
DegreeMaster of Dental Surgery
SubjectFacial bones - Tomography.
Teeth - Tomography.
Dept/ProgramDental Surgery

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZekry, Ahmed Khaled Ahmed Abdin.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationZekry, A. K. A. A.. (2012). Facial alveolar bone wall width : a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) study in Asians. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4839566-
dc.description.abstractBackground: The width of the facial alveolar bone wall is crucial for long term successful esthetic outcomes of implants immediately placed into extraction sockets. A threshold of 2 mm is recommended to minimize buccal vertical bone resorption. Aim: To assess the width of the facial alveolar bone wall using cone-beam computed tomography images (CBCT). Methods: Retrospective CBCT images were acquired from a representative sample of Asians using the i-CAT® classic system with a 0.4 mm voxel size. At random, 200 CBCT images were selected according to predefined criteria. The DICOM file was imported into the i-Cat Vision® software. In the panoramic screen, the middle of each tooth was selected and, in the sagittal window, the middle cross section was selected for performing the measurements using a computer. The vertical distance from the alveolar crest (BC) - CEJ was measured. The width of the facial alveolar bone wall was measured at three locations: 1, 3, and 5 mm apical to BC. Descriptive statistics, frequency analyses, and multi-level comparisons were performed. Results: The sample consisted of 74 males and 126 females (mean age of 37.2 years; range 17-82 years). A total of 3618 teeth were assessed. There was no significant difference between the values of right and left sides, or between genders. However, statistically significant differences were observed between age groups at all levels. The distance from CEJ-BC varied from 0.4 to 4mm, with an overall tendency to increase with age. The mean width of the facial alveolar bone wall at anterior teeth was 0.9 mm and increased towards posterior regions. Rarely, a width of 2 mm was yielded (0.6-1.8 % for anterior teeth, 0.7- 30.8 % for posterior teeth). At a 5mm distance from BC, minimal widths of facial alveolar bone were identified for the anterior teeth. The frequency of dehiscence ranged from 9.9- 51.6 % for anterior and 3.1- 53.6 % for posterior teeth, respectively. Conclusion and clinical implications: A thin facial alveolar bone wall was usually present in both jaws. Hence, for most patients, adjunctive bone augmentation may be needed when installing implants in areas of esthetic concern.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48395663-
dc.subject.lcshFacial bones - Tomography.-
dc.subject.lcshTeeth - Tomography.-
dc.titleFacial alveolar bone wall width: a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) study in Asians-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4839566-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Dental Surgery-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineDental Surgery-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4839566-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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