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Article: Cheating experience: Guiding novices to adopt the gaze strategies of experts expedites the learning of technical laparoscopic skills

TitleCheating experience: Guiding novices to adopt the gaze strategies of experts expedites the learning of technical laparoscopic skills
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherMosby, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/surg
Citation
Surgery (United States), 2012, v. 152 n. 1, p. 32-40 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Previous research has demonstrated that trainees can be taught (via explicit verbal instruction) to adopt the gaze strategies of expert laparoscopic surgeons. The current study examined a software template designed to guide trainees to adopt expert gaze control strategies passively, without being provided with explicit instructions. Methods: We examined 27 novices (who had no laparoscopic training) performing 50 learning trials of a laparoscopic training task in either a discovery-learning (DL) group or a gaze-training (GT) group while wearing an eye tracker to assess gaze control. The GT group performed trials using a surgery-training template (STT); software that is designed to guide expert-like gaze strategies by highlighting the key locations on the monitor screen. The DL group had a normal, unrestricted view of the scene on the monitor screen. Both groups then took part in a nondelayed retention test (to assess learning) and a stress test (under social evaluative threat) with a normal view of the scene. Results: The STT was successful in guiding the GT group to adopt an expert-like gaze strategy (displaying more target-locking fixations). Adopting expert gaze strategies led to an improvement in performance for the GT group, which outperformed the DL group in both retention and stress tests (faster completion time and fewer errors). Conclusion: The STT is a practical and cost-effective training interface that automatically promotes an optimal gaze strategy. Trainees who are trained to adopt the efficient target-locking gaze strategy of experts gain a performance advantage over trainees left to discover their own strategies for task completion. © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/176077
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.309
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.620
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorVine, SJen_US
dc.contributor.authorMasters, RSWen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcgrath, JSen_US
dc.contributor.authorBright, Een_US
dc.contributor.authorWilson, MRen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-26T09:04:54Z-
dc.date.available2012-11-26T09:04:54Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.citationSurgery (United States), 2012, v. 152 n. 1, p. 32-40en_US
dc.identifier.issn0039-6060en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/176077-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Previous research has demonstrated that trainees can be taught (via explicit verbal instruction) to adopt the gaze strategies of expert laparoscopic surgeons. The current study examined a software template designed to guide trainees to adopt expert gaze control strategies passively, without being provided with explicit instructions. Methods: We examined 27 novices (who had no laparoscopic training) performing 50 learning trials of a laparoscopic training task in either a discovery-learning (DL) group or a gaze-training (GT) group while wearing an eye tracker to assess gaze control. The GT group performed trials using a surgery-training template (STT); software that is designed to guide expert-like gaze strategies by highlighting the key locations on the monitor screen. The DL group had a normal, unrestricted view of the scene on the monitor screen. Both groups then took part in a nondelayed retention test (to assess learning) and a stress test (under social evaluative threat) with a normal view of the scene. Results: The STT was successful in guiding the GT group to adopt an expert-like gaze strategy (displaying more target-locking fixations). Adopting expert gaze strategies led to an improvement in performance for the GT group, which outperformed the DL group in both retention and stress tests (faster completion time and fewer errors). Conclusion: The STT is a practical and cost-effective training interface that automatically promotes an optimal gaze strategy. Trainees who are trained to adopt the efficient target-locking gaze strategy of experts gain a performance advantage over trainees left to discover their own strategies for task completion. © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherMosby, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/surgen_US
dc.relation.ispartofSurgery (United States)en_US
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshClinical Competenceen_US
dc.subject.meshComputer Simulation - Economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshCost-Benefit Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLaparoscopy - Educationen_US
dc.subject.meshLearningen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshPsychomotor Performance - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshUser-Computer Interfaceen_US
dc.subject.meshVision, Ocular - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten_US
dc.titleCheating experience: Guiding novices to adopt the gaze strategies of experts expedites the learning of technical laparoscopic skillsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailMasters, RSW: mastersr@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityMasters, RSW=rp00935en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.surg.2012.02.002en_US
dc.identifier.pmid22464048-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84862850419en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros207964-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-84862850419&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume152en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage32en_US
dc.identifier.epage40en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000305853800006-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridVine, SJ=36811509000en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMasters, RSW=7102880488en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcGrath, JS=12774961300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBright, E=55143185300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWilson, MR=7408663801en_US

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