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Article: Neighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countries

TitleNeighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countries
Authors
Issue Date2009
PublisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/amepre
Citation
American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 2009, v. 36 n. 6, p. 484-490 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Understanding environmental correlates of physical activity can inform policy changes. Surveys were conducted in 11 countries using the same self-report environmental variables and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, allowing analyses with pooled data. Methods: The participating countries were Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, China (Hong Kong), Japan, Lithuania, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the U.S., with a combined sample of 11,541 adults living in cities. Samples were reasonably representative, and seasons of data collection were comparable. Participants indicated whether seven environmental attributes were present in their neighborhood. Outcomes were measures of whether health-related guidelines for physical activity were met. Data were collected in 2002-2003 and analyzed in 2007. Logistic regression analyses evaluated associations of physical activity with environmental attributes, adjusted for age, gender, and clustering within country. Results: Five of seven environmental variables were significantly related to meeting physical activity guidelines, ranging from access to low-cost recreation facilities (OR=1.16) to sidewalks on most streets (OR=1.47). A graded association was observed, with the most activity-supportive neighborhoods having 100% higher rates of sufficient physical activity compared to those with no supportive attributes. Conclusions: Results suggest neighborhoods built to support physical activity have a strong potential to contribute to increased physical activity. Designing neighborhoods to support physical activity can now be defined as an international public health issue. © 2009 American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/176055
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.465
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.764
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSallis, JFen_US
dc.contributor.authorBowles, HRen_US
dc.contributor.authorBauman, Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorAinsworth, BEen_US
dc.contributor.authorBull, FCen_US
dc.contributor.authorCraig, CLen_US
dc.contributor.authorSjöström, Men_US
dc.contributor.authorDe Bourdeaudhuij, Ien_US
dc.contributor.authorLefevre, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorMatsudo, Ven_US
dc.contributor.authorMatsudo, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorMacfarlane, DJen_US
dc.contributor.authorGomez, LFen_US
dc.contributor.authorInoue, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorMurase, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorVolbekiene, Ven_US
dc.contributor.authorMclean, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorCarr, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorHeggebo, LKen_US
dc.contributor.authorTomten, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorBergman, Pen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-26T09:04:46Z-
dc.date.available2012-11-26T09:04:46Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.citationAmerican Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 2009, v. 36 n. 6, p. 484-490en_US
dc.identifier.issn0749-3797en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/176055-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Understanding environmental correlates of physical activity can inform policy changes. Surveys were conducted in 11 countries using the same self-report environmental variables and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, allowing analyses with pooled data. Methods: The participating countries were Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, China (Hong Kong), Japan, Lithuania, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the U.S., with a combined sample of 11,541 adults living in cities. Samples were reasonably representative, and seasons of data collection were comparable. Participants indicated whether seven environmental attributes were present in their neighborhood. Outcomes were measures of whether health-related guidelines for physical activity were met. Data were collected in 2002-2003 and analyzed in 2007. Logistic regression analyses evaluated associations of physical activity with environmental attributes, adjusted for age, gender, and clustering within country. Results: Five of seven environmental variables were significantly related to meeting physical activity guidelines, ranging from access to low-cost recreation facilities (OR=1.16) to sidewalks on most streets (OR=1.47). A graded association was observed, with the most activity-supportive neighborhoods having 100% higher rates of sufficient physical activity compared to those with no supportive attributes. Conclusions: Results suggest neighborhoods built to support physical activity have a strong potential to contribute to increased physical activity. Designing neighborhoods to support physical activity can now be defined as an international public health issue. © 2009 American Journal of Preventive Medicine.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/amepreen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicineen_US
dc.rightsAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine . Copyright © Elsevier Inc.-
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshAmericasen_US
dc.subject.meshCitiesen_US
dc.subject.meshData Collectionen_US
dc.subject.meshEnvironmenten_US
dc.subject.meshEuropeen_US
dc.subject.meshExerciseen_US
dc.subject.meshFar Easten_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLogistic Modelsen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshNew Zealanden_US
dc.subject.meshPopulationen_US
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_US
dc.subject.meshResidence Characteristics - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshYoung Adulten_US
dc.titleNeighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countriesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailMacfarlane, DJ: djmac@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityMacfarlane, DJ=rp00934en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.031en_US
dc.identifier.pmid19460656-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-65549159902en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros155919-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-65549159902&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume36en_US
dc.identifier.issue6en_US
dc.identifier.spage484en_US
dc.identifier.epage490en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000266132700004-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSallis, JF=7102766542en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBowles, HR=14521815300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBauman, A=25421265100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridAinsworth, BE=35399560800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBull, FC=7006165716en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCraig, CL=7102239377en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSjöström, M=7005331698en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridDe Bourdeaudhuij, I=35510873600en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLefevre, J=7201749780en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMatsudo, V=6603355462en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMatsudo, S=6507544962en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMacfarlane, DJ=7202978517en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGomez, LF=34770598300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridInoue, S=9742722500en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMurase, N=35240909300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridVolbekiene, V=16833844200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMcLean, G=8982215200en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridCarr, H=8982215100en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHeggebo, LK=26535987300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTomten, H=6508026437en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridBergman, P=12808279500en_US
dc.identifier.citeulike4949000-

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