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Article: Evolution and variability in fitness test performance of Asian children and adolescents

TitleEvolution and variability in fitness test performance of Asian children and adolescents
Authors
Issue Date2007
PublisherS Karger AG. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.karger.com/MSPSC
Citation
Medicine And Sport Science, 2007, v. 50, p. 143-167 How to Cite?
AbstractAlthough Asia represents well over half of the world's population, the comparative lack of resources and infrastructure in many of these countries is likely to have contributed to only sporadic data being available to examine secular changes and geographical variability in the fitness test performances of Asian children and adolescents. Given the concerns that currently exist in the development of childhood obesity including, in many Asian countries, knowledge on the secular changes in nutrition and physical fitness and activity would seem germane to developing proactive public health strategies. The aim of this study therefore was to summarize existing literature reporting explicitly on secular changes in the fitness test performance of Asian children and adolescents, and where possible, comment on the geographical variability of such performances. Using a meta-analytical strategy, this study summarizes the secular changes in power, speed and cardiovascular endurance test performance of over 23.5 million 6- to 19-yearolds from seven Asian countries, tested between 1917 and 2003. In addition, it summarizes the geographic variability in fitness test performance of Asian children and adolescents within, and outside of, Asia. There has been very little change in the power and speed test performances of Asian children and adolescents in recent decades, yet alarmingly, there have been consistent declines in cardiovascular endurance fitness performance across all studied Asian nations over the past 10-15 years. Given the association between cardiovascular endurance fitness and numerous degenerative conditions (e.g. diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome), recent declines in cardiovascular endurance fitness performance of Asian children and adolescents should be an issue of major concern for public health authorities throughout Asia. Copyright © 2007 S. Karger AG.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/176036
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.380
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMacfarlane, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorTomkinson, Gen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-26T09:04:39Z-
dc.date.available2012-11-26T09:04:39Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.identifier.citationMedicine And Sport Science, 2007, v. 50, p. 143-167en_US
dc.identifier.issn0254-5020en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/176036-
dc.description.abstractAlthough Asia represents well over half of the world's population, the comparative lack of resources and infrastructure in many of these countries is likely to have contributed to only sporadic data being available to examine secular changes and geographical variability in the fitness test performances of Asian children and adolescents. Given the concerns that currently exist in the development of childhood obesity including, in many Asian countries, knowledge on the secular changes in nutrition and physical fitness and activity would seem germane to developing proactive public health strategies. The aim of this study therefore was to summarize existing literature reporting explicitly on secular changes in the fitness test performance of Asian children and adolescents, and where possible, comment on the geographical variability of such performances. Using a meta-analytical strategy, this study summarizes the secular changes in power, speed and cardiovascular endurance test performance of over 23.5 million 6- to 19-yearolds from seven Asian countries, tested between 1917 and 2003. In addition, it summarizes the geographic variability in fitness test performance of Asian children and adolescents within, and outside of, Asia. There has been very little change in the power and speed test performances of Asian children and adolescents in recent decades, yet alarmingly, there have been consistent declines in cardiovascular endurance fitness performance across all studied Asian nations over the past 10-15 years. Given the association between cardiovascular endurance fitness and numerous degenerative conditions (e.g. diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome), recent declines in cardiovascular endurance fitness performance of Asian children and adolescents should be an issue of major concern for public health authorities throughout Asia. Copyright © 2007 S. Karger AG.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherS Karger AG. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.karger.com/MSPSCen_US
dc.relation.ispartofMedicine and Sport Scienceen_US
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshAsiaen_US
dc.subject.meshAsian Continental Ancestry Group - Statistics & Numerical Dataen_US
dc.subject.meshChilden_US
dc.subject.meshChild Welfare - Trendsen_US
dc.subject.meshExercise - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshExercise Testen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshGeographyen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMotor Activityen_US
dc.subject.meshPhysical Endurance - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPhysical Fitness - Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPublic Health - Trendsen_US
dc.titleEvolution and variability in fitness test performance of Asian children and adolescentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailMacFarlane, D: djmac@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityMacFarlane, D=rp00934en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1159/000101358en_US
dc.identifier.pmid17387256-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34250374515en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros129009-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-34250374515&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume50en_US
dc.identifier.spage143en_US
dc.identifier.epage167en_US
dc.publisher.placeSwitzerlanden_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMacFarlane, D=7202978517en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridTomkinson, G=6603283160en_US

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