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Article: The determinants of parenting: An epidemiological, multi-informant, retrospective study

TitleThe determinants of parenting: An epidemiological, multi-informant, retrospective study
Authors
Issue Date1997
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSM
Citation
Psychological Medicine, 1997, v. 27 n. 3, p. 549-563 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground. To understand the relationship between parenting and psychopathology in offspring, it is critical to clarify the determinants of parenting behaviour itself. Methods. A 16-item version of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) was administered to parents of epidemiologically sampled adult female-female twin pairs, who reported on the parenting they provided to their twins, and to the twins themselves who reported on the parenting they and their co-twin had received (N = 828 twin families). Using a mixed-model regression, we examined the impact on parenting, as retrospectively reported by parents and twins, of six variable domains: demographic factors, family characteristics, parental symptoms and personality, parental psychopathology, child vulnerability and childhood temperament. Results. The PBI yielded three factors: warmth (W), protectiveness (P) and authoritarianism (A). W was most strongly predicted by parental personality and psychopathology, parental marital quality, and child temperament. P and A were both most strongly predicted by parental educational level and religious fundamentalism. In addition, P was predicted by neurotic/anxious traits in both parent and child. For a number of variables that predicted W, the strength of the association was stronger when twins were reporting than when parents were reporting. Conclusions. Parenting is a complex, multi-determined set of behaviours that is influenced by parental personality, psychopathology, values and marital quality and by a range of child characteristics. W appears to be strongly influenced by parental and childhood temperament and vulnerability to psychiatric illness while P and A are more strongly influenced by 'sociological' factors such as religious affiliation and educational status.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/175770
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.491
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.843
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKendler, KSen_US
dc.contributor.authorSham, PCen_US
dc.contributor.authorMaclean, CJen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-26T09:01:10Z-
dc.date.available2012-11-26T09:01:10Z-
dc.date.issued1997en_US
dc.identifier.citationPsychological Medicine, 1997, v. 27 n. 3, p. 549-563en_US
dc.identifier.issn0033-2917en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/175770-
dc.description.abstractBackground. To understand the relationship between parenting and psychopathology in offspring, it is critical to clarify the determinants of parenting behaviour itself. Methods. A 16-item version of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) was administered to parents of epidemiologically sampled adult female-female twin pairs, who reported on the parenting they provided to their twins, and to the twins themselves who reported on the parenting they and their co-twin had received (N = 828 twin families). Using a mixed-model regression, we examined the impact on parenting, as retrospectively reported by parents and twins, of six variable domains: demographic factors, family characteristics, parental symptoms and personality, parental psychopathology, child vulnerability and childhood temperament. Results. The PBI yielded three factors: warmth (W), protectiveness (P) and authoritarianism (A). W was most strongly predicted by parental personality and psychopathology, parental marital quality, and child temperament. P and A were both most strongly predicted by parental educational level and religious fundamentalism. In addition, P was predicted by neurotic/anxious traits in both parent and child. For a number of variables that predicted W, the strength of the association was stronger when twins were reporting than when parents were reporting. Conclusions. Parenting is a complex, multi-determined set of behaviours that is influenced by parental personality, psychopathology, values and marital quality and by a range of child characteristics. W appears to be strongly influenced by parental and childhood temperament and vulnerability to psychiatric illness while P and A are more strongly influenced by 'sociological' factors such as religious affiliation and educational status.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSMen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Medicineen_US
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshDisease Susceptibilityen_US
dc.subject.meshFamily Characteristicsen_US
dc.subject.meshFamily Healthen_US
dc.subject.meshFather-Child Relationsen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLikelihood Functionsen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMental Disorders - Complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshMother-Child Relationsen_US
dc.subject.meshParentingen_US
dc.subject.meshRegression Analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshReligion And Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshRetrospective Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshSibling Relationsen_US
dc.subject.meshTemperamenten_US
dc.titleThe determinants of parenting: An epidemiological, multi-informant, retrospective studyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailSham, PC: pcsham@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authoritySham, PC=rp00459en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291797004704en_US
dc.identifier.pmid9153676-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0030914994en_US
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0030914994&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume27en_US
dc.identifier.issue3en_US
dc.identifier.spage549en_US
dc.identifier.epage563en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:A1997XD04700007-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKendler, KS=35396760800en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSham, PC=34573429300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridMaclean, CJ=7102972772en_US

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