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Article: Development of the Mandarin Hearing in Noise Test (MHINT)

TitleDevelopment of the Mandarin Hearing in Noise Test (MHINT)
Authors
Issue Date2007
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.ear-hearing.com
Citation
Ear And Hearing, 2007, v. 28 SUPPL.2, p. 70S-74S How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To develop two versions of the Mandarin Hearing In Noise Test (MHINT). These tests are adaptive tests that measure the reception threshold for sentences (RTSs) in quiet and in noise. The RTS is the presentation level at which half the sentences are correctly recognized. DESIGN: Four studies were undertaken to (1) develop sentence materials, (2) equalize sentence difficulty, (3) create phonemically balanced sentence lists; and (4) evaluate within-list response variability, inter-list reliability, and produce normative data. A total of 137 native Mandarin (Putonghua) speaking subjects in Mainland China and 89 native Mandarin speakers in Taiwan participated. They had normal hearing thresholds at 25 dB HL or better. RTSs were measured under four headphone test conditions: Quiet, and in noise with noise originating from the 0 degree (Noise Front), 90 degrees to the right (Noise Right), and 90 degrees to the left (Noise Left). The speech originated from the front (0 degree) in all conditions. The noise level was fixed at 65 dBA, and the speech was varied adaptively to find the RTS. RESULTS: Two versions of the test materials, consisting of 24, 20-sentence lists each in Mandarin spoken in the Mainland (the MHINT-M) and the dialect of Mandarin spoken in Taiwan (the MHINT-T), were created from two sets of 240 sentences containing 10 syllables per sentence. The mean Quiet RTS was 14.7 dBA, using the MHINT-M, and 19.4 dBA, using the MHINT-T. Using the MHINT-M, the mean RTS for Noise Front was -4.3 dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), -11.7 dB SNR for Noise Right, and -11.7 dB SNR for Noise Left. Using the MHINT-T, the Noise Front RTS was -4.0 dB SNR, -10.7 dB SNR for Noise Right, and -11.0 dB SNR for Noise Left. Results in noise are slightly better than those seen for the English HINT norms. Response variability within list was low, and inter-list reliability was high, indicating that consistent results can be obtained using any list. Confidence intervals are reported. CONCLUSIONS: The two versions of the MHINT are the first standardized Mandarin sentence speech intelligibility tests. Similar to other language versions of the HINT, the MHINT was developed using the same rationale as the English HINT, allowing norm-referenced results for the MHINT to be compared directly with results in other languages. The MHINT would benefit from further evaluation of its validity. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/175296
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.517
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.794
ISI Accession Number ID
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, LLNen_US
dc.contributor.authorSoli, SDen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorHan, Nen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, MWen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-26T08:58:01Z-
dc.date.available2012-11-26T08:58:01Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.identifier.citationEar And Hearing, 2007, v. 28 SUPPL.2, p. 70S-74Sen_US
dc.identifier.issn0196-0202en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/175296-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To develop two versions of the Mandarin Hearing In Noise Test (MHINT). These tests are adaptive tests that measure the reception threshold for sentences (RTSs) in quiet and in noise. The RTS is the presentation level at which half the sentences are correctly recognized. DESIGN: Four studies were undertaken to (1) develop sentence materials, (2) equalize sentence difficulty, (3) create phonemically balanced sentence lists; and (4) evaluate within-list response variability, inter-list reliability, and produce normative data. A total of 137 native Mandarin (Putonghua) speaking subjects in Mainland China and 89 native Mandarin speakers in Taiwan participated. They had normal hearing thresholds at 25 dB HL or better. RTSs were measured under four headphone test conditions: Quiet, and in noise with noise originating from the 0 degree (Noise Front), 90 degrees to the right (Noise Right), and 90 degrees to the left (Noise Left). The speech originated from the front (0 degree) in all conditions. The noise level was fixed at 65 dBA, and the speech was varied adaptively to find the RTS. RESULTS: Two versions of the test materials, consisting of 24, 20-sentence lists each in Mandarin spoken in the Mainland (the MHINT-M) and the dialect of Mandarin spoken in Taiwan (the MHINT-T), were created from two sets of 240 sentences containing 10 syllables per sentence. The mean Quiet RTS was 14.7 dBA, using the MHINT-M, and 19.4 dBA, using the MHINT-T. Using the MHINT-M, the mean RTS for Noise Front was -4.3 dB signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), -11.7 dB SNR for Noise Right, and -11.7 dB SNR for Noise Left. Using the MHINT-T, the Noise Front RTS was -4.0 dB SNR, -10.7 dB SNR for Noise Right, and -11.0 dB SNR for Noise Left. Results in noise are slightly better than those seen for the English HINT norms. Response variability within list was low, and inter-list reliability was high, indicating that consistent results can be obtained using any list. Confidence intervals are reported. CONCLUSIONS: The two versions of the MHINT are the first standardized Mandarin sentence speech intelligibility tests. Similar to other language versions of the HINT, the MHINT was developed using the same rationale as the English HINT, allowing norm-referenced results for the MHINT to be compared directly with results in other languages. The MHINT would benefit from further evaluation of its validity. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.ear-hearing.comen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEar and Hearingen_US
dc.rightsEar and Hearing. Copyright © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.-
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAsian Continental Ancestry Groupen_US
dc.subject.meshCochlear Implantsen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLanguageen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshNoiseen_US
dc.subject.meshPhoneticsen_US
dc.subject.meshSpeech Discrimination Testsen_US
dc.subject.meshSpeech Perceptionen_US
dc.titleDevelopment of the Mandarin Hearing in Noise Test (MHINT)en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, LLN: llnwong@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, LLN=rp00975en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/AUD.0b013e31803154d0en_US
dc.identifier.pmid17496652-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-34247631164en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros130315-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-34247631164&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume28en_US
dc.identifier.issueSUPPL.2en_US
dc.identifier.spage70Sen_US
dc.identifier.epage74Sen_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000245285400018-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWong, LLN=7402091891en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSoli, SD=6603929328en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLiu, S=9745822600en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHan, N=35909908300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridHuang, MW=16245159900en_US

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