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Article: Microwave spectral imaging, Hα, and hard X-ray observations of a solar limb flare

TitleMicrowave spectral imaging, Hα, and hard X-ray observations of a solar limb flare
Authors
KeywordsSun: Flares
Sun: Radio Radiation
Sun: X-Rays, Gamma Rays
Issue Date1994
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://iopscience.iop.org/2041-8205
Citation
Astrophysical Journal Letters, 1994, v. 433 n. 1, p. 379-388 How to Cite?
AbstractWe compare the microwave, Hα, and hard X-ray observations for a west limb C7.3 flare that occurred at 17:10 UT, 1992 June 26. Hα movies were obtained at Big Bear Solar Observatory. Before the onset of the flare, overexposed Hα images show the complicated flux loop structure above the limb. Material was observed to descend along the loops toward the site where the flare occurred hours later. Using the five-antenna solar array at Owens Valley Radio Observatory, we obtain two-dimensional maps of flare emission from 1.4 to 14 GHz. In all three temporal peaks of the microwave bursts, the maps show the same characteristics. The peak low-frequency emission comes from the top of one bundle of the Hα loops and gradually shifts to the footpoint of the loops (the location of Hα flare) as the frequency increases. The location of the emission peak shifts 88″ between 1 and 14 GHz. Seventy percent of the shift occurs between 1 and 5 GHz. The locus of the shift of the emission peak follows the shape of an Hα surge that occurred after the flare. For each point along the locus, we create the microwave brightness temperature spectrum and compare the radio-derived electron distribution with that derived from the high-resolution hard X-ray spectra measured with BATSE on board the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. We find that the peak frequency changes from ∼3 GHz at the loop top to ∼7 GHz at the footpoint, presumably due to the increase of the magnetic field from ∼160 G at the loop top to ∼300 G at the footpoint. The high-frequency slope of the microwave power-law spectrum decreases from ∼10 at the loop top to ∼5 at the footpoint due to a change in the energy distribution of the dominant electrons. The microwave brightness temperature spectral index predicted by the BATSE power-law hard X-ray spectra agrees with the measured value only at the footpoint. At the loop top, the emission may be thermal gyrosynchrotron with a temperature of 3.5 × 10 7 K, which is likely to correspond to the superhot component seen in the hard X-ray emission.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/174647
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.487
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.369

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWang, Hen_US
dc.contributor.authorGary, DEen_US
dc.contributor.authorLim, Jen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchwartz, RAen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-26T08:46:41Z-
dc.date.available2012-11-26T08:46:41Z-
dc.date.issued1994en_US
dc.identifier.citationAstrophysical Journal Letters, 1994, v. 433 n. 1, p. 379-388en_US
dc.identifier.issn2041-8205en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/174647-
dc.description.abstractWe compare the microwave, Hα, and hard X-ray observations for a west limb C7.3 flare that occurred at 17:10 UT, 1992 June 26. Hα movies were obtained at Big Bear Solar Observatory. Before the onset of the flare, overexposed Hα images show the complicated flux loop structure above the limb. Material was observed to descend along the loops toward the site where the flare occurred hours later. Using the five-antenna solar array at Owens Valley Radio Observatory, we obtain two-dimensional maps of flare emission from 1.4 to 14 GHz. In all three temporal peaks of the microwave bursts, the maps show the same characteristics. The peak low-frequency emission comes from the top of one bundle of the Hα loops and gradually shifts to the footpoint of the loops (the location of Hα flare) as the frequency increases. The location of the emission peak shifts 88″ between 1 and 14 GHz. Seventy percent of the shift occurs between 1 and 5 GHz. The locus of the shift of the emission peak follows the shape of an Hα surge that occurred after the flare. For each point along the locus, we create the microwave brightness temperature spectrum and compare the radio-derived electron distribution with that derived from the high-resolution hard X-ray spectra measured with BATSE on board the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. We find that the peak frequency changes from ∼3 GHz at the loop top to ∼7 GHz at the footpoint, presumably due to the increase of the magnetic field from ∼160 G at the loop top to ∼300 G at the footpoint. The high-frequency slope of the microwave power-law spectrum decreases from ∼10 at the loop top to ∼5 at the footpoint due to a change in the energy distribution of the dominant electrons. The microwave brightness temperature spectral index predicted by the BATSE power-law hard X-ray spectra agrees with the measured value only at the footpoint. At the loop top, the emission may be thermal gyrosynchrotron with a temperature of 3.5 × 10 7 K, which is likely to correspond to the superhot component seen in the hard X-ray emission.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherInstitute of Physics Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://iopscience.iop.org/2041-8205en_US
dc.relation.ispartofAstrophysical Journal Lettersen_US
dc.subjectSun: Flaresen_US
dc.subjectSun: Radio Radiationen_US
dc.subjectSun: X-Rays, Gamma Raysen_US
dc.titleMicrowave spectral imaging, Hα, and hard X-ray observations of a solar limb flareen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailLim, J: jjlim@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLim, J=rp00745en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0001567729en_US
dc.identifier.volume433en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage379en_US
dc.identifier.epage388en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridWang, H=8856258300en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridGary, DE=7005231589en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridLim, J=7403453870en_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridSchwartz, RA=7404170191en_US

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