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postgraduate thesis: STD-NMR as a novel method to study influenza virus-receptor interactions

TitleSTD-NMR as a novel method to study influenza virus-receptor interactions
Authors
Advisors
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Lai, C. [黎振昌]. (2011). STD-NMR as a novel method to study influenza virus-receptor interactions. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4784974
AbstractInfluenza infections continue to be a global health concern that causing both seasonal epidemics and unpredictable pandemics. Hemagglutinin (HA) and Neuraminidase (NA) are the two major surface glycoproteins of influenza viruses, which are important for their host cell sialic acid (Sia) receptor binding and cleaving activities. Although numerous methods have been developed to study the HA and NA interactions with sialic acid, x-ray crystallography remained the only method to provide detailed information at atomic resolution. The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate a novel strategy for the investigation of influenza virus-receptor interactions, which is able to provide information about an interaction down to atomic resolution. Influenza virus-like particles (VLPs) containing HA and NA separately were developed and it was reported here for the first time that sole expression of NA in mammalian cell led to VLP formation. Characterization of these VLPs demonstrated that they are non-infectious, but morphologically and biochemically mimic the native viruses. Therefore the VLPs can be regarded as an ideal research model to study the HA-Sia interaction without the interference of NA, or vice versa. Saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR spectroscopy is a state-of-the-art technology to determine how a binding-ligand interacts with its target protein. Modification of STD-NMR methodology was performed to adapt the technique to influenza VLP system. HA-Sia interaction was investigated in great detail and group epitope mapping of the interacting ligands was performed by analyzing the STD-NMR spectra. The data obtained are in a good agreement with the well established crystallography technique, reflecting the reliability of the STD-NMR technology. Regarding the NA-Sia interaction, my data demonstrated that substrate-hydrolysis specificity of NA is dependent on the binding of NA to those ligands. In addition, using competition experiments with NA inhibitor, a secondary sialic acid binding site was detected. It is the first direct experimental evidence that confirms avian, seasonal human and human pandemic swine-origin influenza virus N1 neuraminidases exhibit a distinct secondary binding site. In conclusion, here I presented a novel interdisciplinary strategy using VLP and NMR technology to study the interaction of influenza virus with its receptor. This method is unique in its ability to provide detailed information on the HA and NA interactions with sialic acid leading to group epitope mapping of the binding ligands, which will help us not only to understand the virus tropism but also to define new therapeutic targets.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectInfluenza viruses.
Viruses - Receptors.
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Dept/ProgramMicrobiology

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorPeiris, JSM-
dc.contributor.advisorNicholls, JM-
dc.contributor.authorLai, Chun-cheong.-
dc.contributor.author黎振昌.-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationLai, C. [黎振昌]. (2011). STD-NMR as a novel method to study influenza virus-receptor interactions. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4784974-
dc.description.abstractInfluenza infections continue to be a global health concern that causing both seasonal epidemics and unpredictable pandemics. Hemagglutinin (HA) and Neuraminidase (NA) are the two major surface glycoproteins of influenza viruses, which are important for their host cell sialic acid (Sia) receptor binding and cleaving activities. Although numerous methods have been developed to study the HA and NA interactions with sialic acid, x-ray crystallography remained the only method to provide detailed information at atomic resolution. The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate a novel strategy for the investigation of influenza virus-receptor interactions, which is able to provide information about an interaction down to atomic resolution. Influenza virus-like particles (VLPs) containing HA and NA separately were developed and it was reported here for the first time that sole expression of NA in mammalian cell led to VLP formation. Characterization of these VLPs demonstrated that they are non-infectious, but morphologically and biochemically mimic the native viruses. Therefore the VLPs can be regarded as an ideal research model to study the HA-Sia interaction without the interference of NA, or vice versa. Saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR spectroscopy is a state-of-the-art technology to determine how a binding-ligand interacts with its target protein. Modification of STD-NMR methodology was performed to adapt the technique to influenza VLP system. HA-Sia interaction was investigated in great detail and group epitope mapping of the interacting ligands was performed by analyzing the STD-NMR spectra. The data obtained are in a good agreement with the well established crystallography technique, reflecting the reliability of the STD-NMR technology. Regarding the NA-Sia interaction, my data demonstrated that substrate-hydrolysis specificity of NA is dependent on the binding of NA to those ligands. In addition, using competition experiments with NA inhibitor, a secondary sialic acid binding site was detected. It is the first direct experimental evidence that confirms avian, seasonal human and human pandemic swine-origin influenza virus N1 neuraminidases exhibit a distinct secondary binding site. In conclusion, here I presented a novel interdisciplinary strategy using VLP and NMR technology to study the interaction of influenza virus with its receptor. This method is unique in its ability to provide detailed information on the HA and NA interactions with sialic acid leading to group epitope mapping of the binding ligands, which will help us not only to understand the virus tropism but also to define new therapeutic targets.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47849745-
dc.subject.lcshInfluenza viruses.-
dc.subject.lcshViruses - Receptors.-
dc.subject.lcshNuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.-
dc.titleSTD-NMR as a novel method to study influenza virus-receptor interactions-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4784974-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMicrobiology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4784974-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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