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Postgraduate Thesis: Disused air raid precaution tunnels: uncovering the underground history of World War II, civil defencetunnels in Hong Kong
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TitleDisused air raid precaution tunnels: uncovering the underground history of World War II, civil defencetunnels in Hong Kong
 
AuthorsWong, Suk-har
黃淑霞
 
Issue Date2010
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractJust prior to the Japanese invasion, the Hong Kong Government embarked on an extensive program of building public shelters by tunneling into hillsides to protect the civilian population against bombing raids. Those air raid precaution tunnels that survive World War II have become part of the very few remaining physical witnesses to the history of Hong Kong in preparation of civil defence against Japanese attack. Tucked away inconspicuously in the bustling parts of the city, the disused shelter tunnels are the 'outsiders' of societal interaction, rarely catching the attention of the people of Hong Kong. Bored deep into the hills leaving only the portals exposed to air, this 'hidden' heritage continues to be lost or damaged without drawing public attention. Ironically, the damage is not from the ravages of war but from redevelopment projects above ground, geotechnical strengthening works and road improvement works, all of which have been carried out post-war, resulting in tunnels being partially or wholly filled in, dug up or forgotten and neglected. As little wartime architecture purposely built for preparation of World War II remains in Hong Kong, there is a need to preserve/ conserve this wartime heritage that once helped shape the city’s history. It is hoped that through this dissertation, both heritage and contemporary values of this forgotten example of wartime architecture be recognized and that a consensus be agreed upon conservation of this World War II heritage, in order to prevent further losses and damages that may only be fully appreciated when it is too late. The dissertation will examine the issues related to the conservation of air raid tunnels through answering the following questions: 1. Where were/ are the tunnels, what purpose did they serve and what are the stories behind them? 2. Are the tunnels a significant heritage, and if so, what are their heritage values? 3. Are the tunnels adequately protected as a heritage in terms of current legislation and policies? 4. What are the threats against the conservation of the tunnels? 5. What are the opportunities for the conservation of the tunnels?
 
DegreeMaster of Science in Conservation
 
SubjectMilitary architecture - China - Hong Kong - Conservation and restoration.
 
Dept/ProgramConservation
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorWong, Suk-har
 
dc.contributor.author黃淑霞
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2010
 
dc.date.issued2010
 
dc.description.abstractJust prior to the Japanese invasion, the Hong Kong Government embarked on an extensive program of building public shelters by tunneling into hillsides to protect the civilian population against bombing raids. Those air raid precaution tunnels that survive World War II have become part of the very few remaining physical witnesses to the history of Hong Kong in preparation of civil defence against Japanese attack. Tucked away inconspicuously in the bustling parts of the city, the disused shelter tunnels are the 'outsiders' of societal interaction, rarely catching the attention of the people of Hong Kong. Bored deep into the hills leaving only the portals exposed to air, this 'hidden' heritage continues to be lost or damaged without drawing public attention. Ironically, the damage is not from the ravages of war but from redevelopment projects above ground, geotechnical strengthening works and road improvement works, all of which have been carried out post-war, resulting in tunnels being partially or wholly filled in, dug up or forgotten and neglected. As little wartime architecture purposely built for preparation of World War II remains in Hong Kong, there is a need to preserve/ conserve this wartime heritage that once helped shape the city’s history. It is hoped that through this dissertation, both heritage and contemporary values of this forgotten example of wartime architecture be recognized and that a consensus be agreed upon conservation of this World War II heritage, in order to prevent further losses and damages that may only be fully appreciated when it is too late. The dissertation will examine the issues related to the conservation of air raid tunnels through answering the following questions: 1. Where were/ are the tunnels, what purpose did they serve and what are the stories behind them? 2. Are the tunnels a significant heritage, and if so, what are their heritage values? 3. Are the tunnels adequately protected as a heritage in terms of current legislation and policies? 4. What are the threats against the conservation of the tunnels? 5. What are the opportunities for the conservation of the tunnels?
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineConservation
 
dc.description.thesislevelmaster's
 
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Science in Conservation
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4758381
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47583812
 
dc.subject.lcshMilitary architecture - China - Hong Kong - Conservation and restoration.
 
dc.titleDisused air raid precaution tunnels: uncovering the underground history of World War II, civil defencetunnels in Hong Kong
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
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<item><contributor.author>Wong, Suk-har</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>&#40643;&#28113;&#38686;</contributor.author>
<date.issued>2010</date.issued>
<description.abstract>&#65279;Just prior to the Japanese invasion, the Hong Kong Government embarked on an extensive program of building public shelters by tunneling into hillsides to protect the civilian population against bombing raids.  Those air raid precaution tunnels that survive World War II have become part of the very few remaining physical witnesses to the history of Hong Kong in preparation of civil defence against Japanese attack.  Tucked away inconspicuously in the bustling parts of the city, the disused shelter tunnels are the &apos;outsiders&apos; of societal interaction, rarely catching the attention of the people of Hong Kong.



Bored deep into the hills leaving only the portals exposed to air, this &apos;hidden&apos; heritage continues to be lost or damaged without drawing public attention.   Ironically, the damage is not from the ravages of war but from redevelopment projects above ground, geotechnical strengthening works and road improvement works, all of which have been carried out post-war, resulting in tunnels being partially or wholly filled in, dug up or forgotten and neglected.  



As little wartime architecture purposely built for preparation of World War II remains in Hong Kong, there is a need to preserve/ conserve this wartime heritage that once helped shape the city&#8217;s history.  It is hoped that through this dissertation, both heritage and contemporary values of this forgotten example of wartime architecture be recognized and that a consensus be agreed upon conservation of this World War II heritage, in order to prevent further losses and damages that may only be fully appreciated when it is too late.



The dissertation will examine the issues related to the conservation of air raid tunnels through answering the following questions:



1. Where were/ are the tunnels, what purpose did they serve and what are the stories behind them?



2. Are the tunnels a significant heritage, and if so, what are their heritage values?



3. Are the tunnels adequately protected as a heritage in terms of current legislation and policies?



4. What are the threats against the conservation of the tunnels?



5. What are the opportunities for the conservation of the tunnels?</description.abstract>
<language>eng</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>HKU Theses Online (HKUTO)</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<source.uri>http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47583812</source.uri>
<subject.lcsh>Military architecture - China - Hong Kong - Conservation and restoration.</subject.lcsh>
<title>Disused air raid precaution tunnels: uncovering the underground history of World War II, civil defencetunnels in Hong Kong</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4758381</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Master of Science in Conservation</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>master&apos;s</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Conservation</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<date.hkucongregation>2010</date.hkucongregation>
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