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postgraduate thesis: Prenatal ultrasound prediction of homozygous α⁰-thalassemia

TitlePrenatal ultrasound prediction of homozygous α⁰-thalassemia
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Leung, K. [梁國賢]. (2012). Prenatal ultrasound prediction of homozygous α⁰-thalassemia. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4745403
AbstractHomozygous α0-thalassemia is a serious autosomal recessive disorder with poor fetal outcome and severe maternal complications. Conventionally, prenatal diagnosis is performed by an invasive test. A non-invasive approach using serial ultrasonography can effectively reduce the need for invasive tests in unaffected pregnancies. For two-dimensional ultrasound prediction, a total of 777 at-risk fetuses were studied from 12 to 20 weeks between 1995 and 2006. At 12–15 weeks’ gestation, the highest sensitivity (98.3%) was achieved by the combination of fetal cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) and/or middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) at a false-positive rate of 15.8%. At 16–20 weeks’ gestation, the sensitivity of CTR was 100.0%, but the false-positive rate was 5.2%. In contrast, the false-positive rate of MCA-PSV alone was 1.4% and that of the combination of CTR and MCA-PSV was 0%, although their sensitivities were less than 65%. In a cross-sectional retrospective study of 546 samples at-risk and control (268 fetal and 278 neonatal cord blood), the degree of anemia was only mild in 27.5% of the affected fetuses (see chapter 3 for definition of mild anemia). Because MCA-PSV is not very predictive of mild anemia, this may be one of the reasons why MCA-PSV is not very sensitive in predicting an affected pregnancy. A total of 832 at-risk pregnancies were studied using same noninvasive approach at Maternal and Neonatal Hospital of Guangzhou (MNH) and Tsan Yuk Hospital (TYH). The overall sensitivity and specificity of the noninvasive approach was 100% and 95.6% respectively. At MNH, the need for an invasive test was reduced by 78.6%, and all the affected pregnancies were diagnosed before 24 weeks’ gestation. After adequate training and monitoring the quality of the subsequent ultrasound examinations, the results achieved at MNH were comparable to TYH, with at-risk pregnancies including the affected ones being seen at a more advanced gestation at MNH. In a retrospective review of 361 women at risk of carrying an affected fetus, 311 (86.2%) opted for the non-invasive approach using CTR and/or placenta. The cost saving of this non-invasive approach was relatively small (HK$ 2,651) in comparison to the cost of the whole prenatal screening program. On the other hand, the non-invasive approach was more expensive than the direct invasive approach for low MCV couples, as well as couples discordant for α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia. ages. These results support the adoption of non-invasive approach in which routine invasive test or karyotyping is no longer performed. A total of 106 at-risk pregnancies and normal controls were prospectively studied using three-dimensional ultrasonography. Placental volume (PV) at 11-14 weeks, and PV/CRL quotient at 9-14 weeks’ gestation of affected pregnancies were significantly greater than unaffected pregnancies (P<0.05). Using a cut-off point of 1.2ml/mm for PV/CRL quotient to predict an affected pregnancy, the sensitivity, and specificity was 96.2%, and 100.0% respectively.
DegreeDoctor of Medicine
SubjectThalassemia - Diagnosis.
Fetus - Ultrasonic imaging.
Diagnostic ultrasonic imaging.
Dept/ProgramObstetrics and Gynaecology

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, Kwok-yin.-
dc.contributor.author梁國賢.-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationLeung, K. [梁國賢]. (2012). Prenatal ultrasound prediction of homozygous α⁰-thalassemia. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4745403-
dc.description.abstractHomozygous α0-thalassemia is a serious autosomal recessive disorder with poor fetal outcome and severe maternal complications. Conventionally, prenatal diagnosis is performed by an invasive test. A non-invasive approach using serial ultrasonography can effectively reduce the need for invasive tests in unaffected pregnancies. For two-dimensional ultrasound prediction, a total of 777 at-risk fetuses were studied from 12 to 20 weeks between 1995 and 2006. At 12–15 weeks’ gestation, the highest sensitivity (98.3%) was achieved by the combination of fetal cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) and/or middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) at a false-positive rate of 15.8%. At 16–20 weeks’ gestation, the sensitivity of CTR was 100.0%, but the false-positive rate was 5.2%. In contrast, the false-positive rate of MCA-PSV alone was 1.4% and that of the combination of CTR and MCA-PSV was 0%, although their sensitivities were less than 65%. In a cross-sectional retrospective study of 546 samples at-risk and control (268 fetal and 278 neonatal cord blood), the degree of anemia was only mild in 27.5% of the affected fetuses (see chapter 3 for definition of mild anemia). Because MCA-PSV is not very predictive of mild anemia, this may be one of the reasons why MCA-PSV is not very sensitive in predicting an affected pregnancy. A total of 832 at-risk pregnancies were studied using same noninvasive approach at Maternal and Neonatal Hospital of Guangzhou (MNH) and Tsan Yuk Hospital (TYH). The overall sensitivity and specificity of the noninvasive approach was 100% and 95.6% respectively. At MNH, the need for an invasive test was reduced by 78.6%, and all the affected pregnancies were diagnosed before 24 weeks’ gestation. After adequate training and monitoring the quality of the subsequent ultrasound examinations, the results achieved at MNH were comparable to TYH, with at-risk pregnancies including the affected ones being seen at a more advanced gestation at MNH. In a retrospective review of 361 women at risk of carrying an affected fetus, 311 (86.2%) opted for the non-invasive approach using CTR and/or placenta. The cost saving of this non-invasive approach was relatively small (HK$ 2,651) in comparison to the cost of the whole prenatal screening program. On the other hand, the non-invasive approach was more expensive than the direct invasive approach for low MCV couples, as well as couples discordant for α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia. ages. These results support the adoption of non-invasive approach in which routine invasive test or karyotyping is no longer performed. A total of 106 at-risk pregnancies and normal controls were prospectively studied using three-dimensional ultrasonography. Placental volume (PV) at 11-14 weeks, and PV/CRL quotient at 9-14 weeks’ gestation of affected pregnancies were significantly greater than unaffected pregnancies (P<0.05). Using a cut-off point of 1.2ml/mm for PV/CRL quotient to predict an affected pregnancy, the sensitivity, and specificity was 96.2%, and 100.0% respectively.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47454039-
dc.subject.lcshThalassemia - Diagnosis.-
dc.subject.lcshFetus - Ultrasonic imaging.-
dc.subject.lcshDiagnostic ultrasonic imaging.-
dc.titlePrenatal ultrasound prediction of homozygous α⁰-thalassemia-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4745403-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Medicine-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineObstetrics and Gynaecology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4745403-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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