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postgraduate thesis: Microbial electrodes and Cu2O-based photoelectrodes for innovative electricity generation and pollutant degradation

TitleMicrobial electrodes and Cu2O-based photoelectrodes for innovative electricity generation and pollutant degradation
Authors
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Qian, W. [钱伟忠]. (2011). Microbial electrodes and Cu2O-based photoelectrodes for innovative electricity generation and pollutant degradation. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4717028
AbstractPhotoelectrochemical cells (PEC) and microbial fuel cells (MFC) are two promising environmental technologies with the purposes of energy production and pollutant degradation. In this study, p-type Cu2O thin film electrodes were synthesized by electrodeposition on the ITO glass. The influences of various electrodeposition conditions, including the deposition potential, temperature, electrolyte pH, substrates and deposition duration on the morphology and the photoelectrochemical properties of the Cu2O films were investigated. The so-called p-type micro-crystal Cu2O thin film photocathodes were synthesized at -0.4 V, 70 °C and pH 10. An innovative composite Cu2O/TiO2 photoelectrode was developed by dip-coating TiO2 on the surface of the Cu2O film. The outer TiO2 layer would help reduce the electron-hole recombination and hence improve the catalyst stability. The photocatalyst was shown to be capable of photocatalytic degradation of model pollutants. Under simulated solar irradiation, methylene blue, acridine orange, and bromocresso brilliant blue G were effectively degraded in the Cu2O-based PEC. The composite Cu2O/TiO2 photoelectrode could further enhance the photodegradation of the dyes. For the study on MFC with the saline wastewater-inoculated MFCs, an electricity output of 581 mW/m2 could be achieved at a NaCl concentration of 200 mM. Based on the characterization of the bioande using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique, the R(QR)(QR) model, instead of the conventional R(QR) model, was found to fit well with the EIS data of the carbon cloth bioanode. The results support the two-interface-based physical model for the description of the bioanode, including an interface on the flat electrode and the other for the porous biofilm matrix. The new model was employed to monitor the biofilm formation and development on the carbon clothe anode during the MFC start-up. In addition, photocatalytic MFC was developed by using the Cu2O film as the photocathode for the MFC. With the simulated solar light illumination, the PMFC open circuit voltage could be increased by 200 mV comparing to the MFC test. Moreover, the cathode material (Cu2O) is much less expensive than Pt used by common MFCs.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectElectrodes, Oxide.
Thin films.
Copper oxide.
Photoelectrochemistry.
Dept/ProgramCivil Engineering

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorQian, Weizhong.-
dc.contributor.author钱伟忠.-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationQian, W. [钱伟忠]. (2011). Microbial electrodes and Cu2O-based photoelectrodes for innovative electricity generation and pollutant degradation. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4717028-
dc.description.abstractPhotoelectrochemical cells (PEC) and microbial fuel cells (MFC) are two promising environmental technologies with the purposes of energy production and pollutant degradation. In this study, p-type Cu2O thin film electrodes were synthesized by electrodeposition on the ITO glass. The influences of various electrodeposition conditions, including the deposition potential, temperature, electrolyte pH, substrates and deposition duration on the morphology and the photoelectrochemical properties of the Cu2O films were investigated. The so-called p-type micro-crystal Cu2O thin film photocathodes were synthesized at -0.4 V, 70 °C and pH 10. An innovative composite Cu2O/TiO2 photoelectrode was developed by dip-coating TiO2 on the surface of the Cu2O film. The outer TiO2 layer would help reduce the electron-hole recombination and hence improve the catalyst stability. The photocatalyst was shown to be capable of photocatalytic degradation of model pollutants. Under simulated solar irradiation, methylene blue, acridine orange, and bromocresso brilliant blue G were effectively degraded in the Cu2O-based PEC. The composite Cu2O/TiO2 photoelectrode could further enhance the photodegradation of the dyes. For the study on MFC with the saline wastewater-inoculated MFCs, an electricity output of 581 mW/m2 could be achieved at a NaCl concentration of 200 mM. Based on the characterization of the bioande using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique, the R(QR)(QR) model, instead of the conventional R(QR) model, was found to fit well with the EIS data of the carbon cloth bioanode. The results support the two-interface-based physical model for the description of the bioanode, including an interface on the flat electrode and the other for the porous biofilm matrix. The new model was employed to monitor the biofilm formation and development on the carbon clothe anode during the MFC start-up. In addition, photocatalytic MFC was developed by using the Cu2O film as the photocathode for the MFC. With the simulated solar light illumination, the PMFC open circuit voltage could be increased by 200 mV comparing to the MFC test. Moreover, the cathode material (Cu2O) is much less expensive than Pt used by common MFCs.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47170281-
dc.subject.lcshElectrodes, Oxide.-
dc.subject.lcshThin films.-
dc.subject.lcshCopper oxide.-
dc.subject.lcshPhotoelectrochemistry.-
dc.titleMicrobial electrodes and Cu2O-based photoelectrodes for innovative electricity generation and pollutant degradation-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4717028-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCivil Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4717028-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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