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postgraduate thesis: Modulation of transient outward potassium channels by protein tyrosinekinases and demonstration of TRPC and TRPM channels in human atrialmyocytes

TitleModulation of transient outward potassium channels by protein tyrosinekinases and demonstration of TRPC and TRPM channels in human atrialmyocytes
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Li, GRTse, HF
Issue Date2011
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhang, Y. [张雁惠]. (2011). Modulation of transient outward potassium channels by protein tyrosine kinases and demonstration of TRPC and TRPM channels in human atrial myocytes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4716164
AbstractMy PhD project investigated the regulation of human cardiac transient outward potassium current (Ito) by protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and the functional expression of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in human atrial myocytes to make an advanced understanding of human cardiac electrophysiology and pathophysiology. The modulation of human cardiac Itoby PTKs was studied in human atrial myocytes and HEK 293 cells expressing hKv4.3 (coding human cardiac Ito). We found that the broad-spectrum PTK inhibitor genistein, the selective EGFR kinase inhibitor AG556, and the Src-family kinases inhibitor PP2 inhibited human atrial Itoand the inhibitory effect was countered by the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitor orthovanadate. Similar results were observed in hKv4.3-HEK cells. Interestingly, tyrosine phosphorylation of hKv4.3channels was reduced by genistein, AG556, and PP2,and the reduction was antagonized by orthovanadate. The mutant Y136F of hKv4.3 lost the inhibitory response to AG556, whileY108F lost the response to PP2.The double mutant Y108F-Y136F hKv4.3 failed to respond to both AG556 and PP2, and exhibited a dramatic reduction of tyrosine phosphorylation. These results indicate that native cardiac Itois regulated by both EGFR and Src family kinases. In the second part, we studied whether TRPC channels would mediate the nonselective cation current described previously in human atrial myocytes. It was found that TRPC1 channel activator thapsigargin activated the current, and the effect was suppressed by La3+or prevented by intracellular anti-TRPC1 antibody. Endothelin-1 and angiotensin II stimulated the current, andthe effect was inhibited by La3+and/or 2-APB. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed that in addition to the TRPC1 channels mediating the nonselective cation current, the components of store-operated Ca2+channels (SOCs), STIM1 and Orai1 were abundantly expressed in human atria. The interaction of TRPC1, STIM1, and Orai1 was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation. Interestingly, we found that protein expression of TRPC1 and STIM1, but not Orai1, was up-regulated in human atria with atrial fibrillation. The third part of the project determined whether TRPM7 channels were expressed in human atrial myocytes, since this channel was reported in human atrial fibroblasts, conferring atrial fibrosis in human atria with atrial fibrillation. We found a TRPM7 -like current which was potentiated by acidic pH, and inhibited by La3+and 2-APB, and a Ca2+-activated TRPM4 current. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis confirmed the expression of TRPM7 and TRPM4 channels in human atria. Moreover, we found TRPM7 protein, but not TRPM4 protein was significantly up-regulated in human atria with atrial fibrillation, suggesting the potential participation of TRPM7 channels in atrial remodeling of human atria with atrial fibrillation. Collectively, this PhD thesis project has demonstrated for the first time that human cardiac Itois modulated by EGFR kinase and Src kinases via phosphorylating Y136and Y108, respectively. TRPC1 channels mediate the nonselective cation current and SOCs.TRPM7 channels are expressed in human atrial myocytes. The up-regulation of TRPC1, STIM1, and TRPM7 channels in human atria with atrial fibrillation suggest that they are likely involved in atrial electrical and/or structure remodeling in patients with atrial fibrillation.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectPotassium channels.
Protein-tyrosine kinase.
TRP channels.
Atrial fibrillation.
Dept/ProgramMedicine

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLi, GR-
dc.contributor.advisorTse, HF-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Yanhui-
dc.contributor.author张雁惠-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationZhang, Y. [张雁惠]. (2011). Modulation of transient outward potassium channels by protein tyrosine kinases and demonstration of TRPC and TRPM channels in human atrial myocytes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4716164-
dc.description.abstractMy PhD project investigated the regulation of human cardiac transient outward potassium current (Ito) by protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and the functional expression of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in human atrial myocytes to make an advanced understanding of human cardiac electrophysiology and pathophysiology. The modulation of human cardiac Itoby PTKs was studied in human atrial myocytes and HEK 293 cells expressing hKv4.3 (coding human cardiac Ito). We found that the broad-spectrum PTK inhibitor genistein, the selective EGFR kinase inhibitor AG556, and the Src-family kinases inhibitor PP2 inhibited human atrial Itoand the inhibitory effect was countered by the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitor orthovanadate. Similar results were observed in hKv4.3-HEK cells. Interestingly, tyrosine phosphorylation of hKv4.3channels was reduced by genistein, AG556, and PP2,and the reduction was antagonized by orthovanadate. The mutant Y136F of hKv4.3 lost the inhibitory response to AG556, whileY108F lost the response to PP2.The double mutant Y108F-Y136F hKv4.3 failed to respond to both AG556 and PP2, and exhibited a dramatic reduction of tyrosine phosphorylation. These results indicate that native cardiac Itois regulated by both EGFR and Src family kinases. In the second part, we studied whether TRPC channels would mediate the nonselective cation current described previously in human atrial myocytes. It was found that TRPC1 channel activator thapsigargin activated the current, and the effect was suppressed by La3+or prevented by intracellular anti-TRPC1 antibody. Endothelin-1 and angiotensin II stimulated the current, andthe effect was inhibited by La3+and/or 2-APB. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed that in addition to the TRPC1 channels mediating the nonselective cation current, the components of store-operated Ca2+channels (SOCs), STIM1 and Orai1 were abundantly expressed in human atria. The interaction of TRPC1, STIM1, and Orai1 was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation. Interestingly, we found that protein expression of TRPC1 and STIM1, but not Orai1, was up-regulated in human atria with atrial fibrillation. The third part of the project determined whether TRPM7 channels were expressed in human atrial myocytes, since this channel was reported in human atrial fibroblasts, conferring atrial fibrosis in human atria with atrial fibrillation. We found a TRPM7 -like current which was potentiated by acidic pH, and inhibited by La3+and 2-APB, and a Ca2+-activated TRPM4 current. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis confirmed the expression of TRPM7 and TRPM4 channels in human atria. Moreover, we found TRPM7 protein, but not TRPM4 protein was significantly up-regulated in human atria with atrial fibrillation, suggesting the potential participation of TRPM7 channels in atrial remodeling of human atria with atrial fibrillation. Collectively, this PhD thesis project has demonstrated for the first time that human cardiac Itois modulated by EGFR kinase and Src kinases via phosphorylating Y136and Y108, respectively. TRPC1 channels mediate the nonselective cation current and SOCs.TRPM7 channels are expressed in human atrial myocytes. The up-regulation of TRPC1, STIM1, and TRPM7 channels in human atria with atrial fibrillation suggest that they are likely involved in atrial electrical and/or structure remodeling in patients with atrial fibrillation.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B47161644-
dc.subject.lcshPotassium channels.-
dc.subject.lcshProtein-tyrosine kinase.-
dc.subject.lcshTRP channels.-
dc.subject.lcshAtrial fibrillation.-
dc.titleModulation of transient outward potassium channels by protein tyrosinekinases and demonstration of TRPC and TRPM channels in human atrialmyocytes-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4716164-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4716164-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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