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Postgraduate Thesis: Evaluation of real time PCR assays and CHROMagar for laboratory diagnosis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
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TitleEvaluation of real time PCR assays and CHROMagar for laboratory diagnosis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
 
AuthorsFok, Pik-kwan.
霍碧君.
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important and common pathogen causing community- and healthcare-associated infection. Culture methods were used for identification of MRSA for a long period of time, however it spends a lot of time on incubation and 1 to 2 days is needed to obtain the identification and antibiogram. Molecular tests were developed in the past decades and different genes were used. In this study a Staphylococcus aureus-specific gene, sau gene was designed and accompanied with mecA gene to detect the presence of MRSA in 322 nasal swabs from Tuen Mun Hospital. To evaluate the performance of in-house RT-PCR, samples were run in parallel with LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test and BBLTM CHROMagar? MRSA. 75 (23%) of samples were MRSA positive. The sensitivities and specificities of in-house RT-PCR and LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test were 76.7%/ 89.2% and 87.8%/ 96.6% respectively. The mean processing time for a batch of 32 samples by CHROMagar, in-house RT-PCR and LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test were 48.9 hours, 134.4 mins and 149.8 mins. In-house RT-PCR showed comparable performance and short turnaround time. sau gene can be used with mecA gene for the detection of MRSA in nasal swab.
 
DegreeMaster of Medical Sciences
 
SubjectStaphylococcus aureus infections - Molecular diagnosis.
Methicillin resistance.
 
Dept/ProgramMedicine
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorFok, Pik-kwan.
 
dc.contributor.author霍碧君.
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2012
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important and common pathogen causing community- and healthcare-associated infection. Culture methods were used for identification of MRSA for a long period of time, however it spends a lot of time on incubation and 1 to 2 days is needed to obtain the identification and antibiogram. Molecular tests were developed in the past decades and different genes were used. In this study a Staphylococcus aureus-specific gene, sau gene was designed and accompanied with mecA gene to detect the presence of MRSA in 322 nasal swabs from Tuen Mun Hospital. To evaluate the performance of in-house RT-PCR, samples were run in parallel with LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test and BBLTM CHROMagar? MRSA. 75 (23%) of samples were MRSA positive. The sensitivities and specificities of in-house RT-PCR and LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test were 76.7%/ 89.2% and 87.8%/ 96.6% respectively. The mean processing time for a batch of 32 samples by CHROMagar, in-house RT-PCR and LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test were 48.9 hours, 134.4 mins and 149.8 mins. In-house RT-PCR showed comparable performance and short turnaround time. sau gene can be used with mecA gene for the detection of MRSA in nasal swab.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine
 
dc.description.thesislevelmaster's
 
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Medical Sciences
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4833381
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48333815
 
dc.subject.lcshStaphylococcus aureus infections - Molecular diagnosis.
 
dc.subject.lcshMethicillin resistance.
 
dc.titleEvaluation of real time PCR assays and CHROMagar for laboratory diagnosis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
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In this study a Staphylococcus aureus-specific gene, sau gene was designed and accompanied with mecA gene to detect the presence of MRSA in 322 nasal swabs from Tuen Mun Hospital. To evaluate the performance of in-house RT-PCR, samples were run in parallel with LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test and BBLTM CHROMagar? MRSA. 75 (23%) of samples were MRSA positive. The sensitivities and specificities of in-house RT-PCR and LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test were 76.7%/ 89.2% and 87.8%/ 96.6% respectively. The mean processing time for a batch of 32 samples by CHROMagar, in-house RT-PCR and LightCycler? MRSA Advanced test were 48.9 hours, 134.4 mins and 149.8 mins. In-house RT-PCR showed comparable performance and short turnaround time. sau gene can be used with mecA gene for the detection of MRSA in nasal swab.</description.abstract>
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