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Postgraduate Thesis: Anti-ageing effects of selected marine microalgae in PC12 cells and drosophila melanogaster
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TitleAnti-ageing effects of selected marine microalgae in PC12 cells and drosophila melanogaster
 
AuthorsHuangfu, Jieqiong.
皇甫洁琼.
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractAgeing is a progressive impairment of function causing decreased defense against environmental challenges and increased risk of many diseases. The development of ageing and ageing-related diseases might be attenuated by nutrients such as carotenoids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. In the present study, for the first time, two nutrient-rich marine microalgae, namely Haematococcus pluvialis (HP) and Schizochytrium mangrovei (SM) were studied for their anti-ageing effects both in vitro and in vivo. Results of nutritional profile analysis confirmed that HP is rich in astaxanthin (AX) (978.9 μg/g). Using rat adrenal medulla pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells as an in vitro model, AX exhibited significant protective effects against oxidative stress induced by H2O2 or amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). To testify whether AX conveys such effects to HP, the anti-ageing property of HP was subsequently investigated on Drosophila melanogaster. In the group of SODn108 mutant fruit flies, lifespan elongation effect was observed, where HP may play as a complement of the defective endogenous antioxidant system to extend the lifespan and ameliorate the age-related decline of locomotor function. On the other hand, a long-term intake of HP (20 mg/mL) induced early mortality of wild type fruit flies, which was associated with the decreased enzymatic activities of CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD2) as well as mRNA down-regulation of SOD1, SOD2, and Catalase (CAT). Further study showed that HP supplementation contributed to the defense of wild type OR fruit flies against chronic but not intensive oxidative stress. The observed ‘bifacial effect’ could be resulted from ‘hormesis’ responses, suggesting the therapeutic instead of the preventive potential of HP against ageing-related diseases. Another microalga SM was found to contain abundant docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (53 mg/g). The in vitro studies showed that SM failed to protect PC12 cells under H2O2-induced oxidative stress due to its poor anti-oxidative activity. However, from in vivo studies, the SM supplementation significantly extended the lifespan of both wild type and SODn108 mutant fruit flies and ameliorated the age-related decline of locomotor function. Further studies revealed that the observed activities were associated with the mRNA up-regulation of endogenous stress-defending genes such as SOD1 and SOD2, as well as the down-regulation of methuselah (MTH) gene. It has been proposed that antioxidants may protect DHA against oxidative damage. To determine whether there is a synergistic effect for HP and SM, a mixture of these two algal samples was evaluated for its effects on the lifespan of D. melanogaster. Results showed that the wild type fruit flies fed with the mixture had no elevated survival rate, tentatively suggesting that the increased nutritional complexity may trigger elevated metabolic rate and lead to shortened lifespan. In conclusion, results of the present study demonstrated the anti-ageing properties of nutrient-rich microalgae both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting SM possesses the potential to be used as a preventive diet supplementation, while HP may be a suitable candidate as therapeutic agents. Based on these findings, the health benefits of nutrient-rich microalgae for the elderly as well as patients with ageing-related diseases were proposed.
 
AdvisorsChen, SF
Wang, M
 
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
 
SubjectAging - Prevention.
Microalgae.
Drosophila melanogaster.
 
Dept/ProgramBiological Sciences
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.advisorChen, SF
 
dc.contributor.advisorWang, M
 
dc.contributor.authorHuangfu, Jieqiong.
 
dc.contributor.author皇甫洁琼.
 
dc.date.hkucongregation2012
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractAgeing is a progressive impairment of function causing decreased defense against environmental challenges and increased risk of many diseases. The development of ageing and ageing-related diseases might be attenuated by nutrients such as carotenoids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. In the present study, for the first time, two nutrient-rich marine microalgae, namely Haematococcus pluvialis (HP) and Schizochytrium mangrovei (SM) were studied for their anti-ageing effects both in vitro and in vivo. Results of nutritional profile analysis confirmed that HP is rich in astaxanthin (AX) (978.9 μg/g). Using rat adrenal medulla pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells as an in vitro model, AX exhibited significant protective effects against oxidative stress induced by H2O2 or amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). To testify whether AX conveys such effects to HP, the anti-ageing property of HP was subsequently investigated on Drosophila melanogaster. In the group of SODn108 mutant fruit flies, lifespan elongation effect was observed, where HP may play as a complement of the defective endogenous antioxidant system to extend the lifespan and ameliorate the age-related decline of locomotor function. On the other hand, a long-term intake of HP (20 mg/mL) induced early mortality of wild type fruit flies, which was associated with the decreased enzymatic activities of CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD2) as well as mRNA down-regulation of SOD1, SOD2, and Catalase (CAT). Further study showed that HP supplementation contributed to the defense of wild type OR fruit flies against chronic but not intensive oxidative stress. The observed ‘bifacial effect’ could be resulted from ‘hormesis’ responses, suggesting the therapeutic instead of the preventive potential of HP against ageing-related diseases. Another microalga SM was found to contain abundant docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (53 mg/g). The in vitro studies showed that SM failed to protect PC12 cells under H2O2-induced oxidative stress due to its poor anti-oxidative activity. However, from in vivo studies, the SM supplementation significantly extended the lifespan of both wild type and SODn108 mutant fruit flies and ameliorated the age-related decline of locomotor function. Further studies revealed that the observed activities were associated with the mRNA up-regulation of endogenous stress-defending genes such as SOD1 and SOD2, as well as the down-regulation of methuselah (MTH) gene. It has been proposed that antioxidants may protect DHA against oxidative damage. To determine whether there is a synergistic effect for HP and SM, a mixture of these two algal samples was evaluated for its effects on the lifespan of D. melanogaster. Results showed that the wild type fruit flies fed with the mixture had no elevated survival rate, tentatively suggesting that the increased nutritional complexity may trigger elevated metabolic rate and lead to shortened lifespan. In conclusion, results of the present study demonstrated the anti-ageing properties of nutrient-rich microalgae both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting SM possesses the potential to be used as a preventive diet supplementation, while HP may be a suitable candidate as therapeutic agents. Based on these findings, the health benefits of nutrient-rich microalgae for the elderly as well as patients with ageing-related diseases were proposed.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBiological Sciences
 
dc.description.thesisleveldoctoral
 
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4832955
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.source.urihttp://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48329551
 
dc.subject.lcshAging - Prevention.
 
dc.subject.lcshMicroalgae.
 
dc.subject.lcshDrosophila melanogaster.
 
dc.titleAnti-ageing effects of selected marine microalgae in PC12 cells and drosophila melanogaster
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
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<item><contributor.advisor>Chen, SF</contributor.advisor>
<contributor.advisor>Wang, M</contributor.advisor>
<contributor.author>Huangfu, Jieqiong.</contributor.author>
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<date.issued>2012</date.issued>
<description.abstract>&#65279;Ageing is a progressive impairment of function causing decreased defense against environmental challenges and increased risk of many diseases. The development of ageing and ageing-related diseases might be attenuated by nutrients such as carotenoids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. In the present study, for the first time, two nutrient-rich marine microalgae, namely Haematococcus pluvialis (HP) and Schizochytrium mangrovei (SM) were studied for their anti-ageing effects both in vitro and in vivo.



Results of nutritional profile analysis confirmed that HP is rich in astaxanthin (AX) (978.9 &#956;g/g). Using rat adrenal medulla pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells as an in vitro model, AX exhibited significant protective effects against oxidative stress induced by H2O2 or amyloid &#946;-peptide (A&#946;). To testify whether AX conveys such effects to HP, the anti-ageing property of HP was subsequently investigated on Drosophila melanogaster. In the group of SODn108 mutant fruit flies, lifespan elongation effect was observed, where HP may play as a complement of the defective endogenous antioxidant system to extend the lifespan and ameliorate the age-related decline of locomotor function. On the other hand, a long-term intake of HP (20 mg/mL) induced early mortality of wild type fruit flies, which was associated with the decreased enzymatic activities of CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD2) as well as mRNA down-regulation of SOD1, SOD2, and Catalase (CAT). Further study showed that HP supplementation contributed to the defense of wild type OR fruit flies against chronic but not intensive oxidative stress. The observed &#8216;bifacial effect&#8217; could be resulted from &#8216;hormesis&#8217; responses, suggesting the therapeutic instead of the preventive potential of HP against ageing-related diseases.



Another microalga SM was found to contain abundant docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (53 mg/g). The in vitro studies showed that SM failed to protect PC12 cells under H2O2-induced oxidative stress due to its poor anti-oxidative activity. However, from in vivo studies, the SM supplementation significantly extended the lifespan of both wild type and SODn108 mutant fruit flies and ameliorated the age-related decline of locomotor function. Further studies revealed that the observed activities were associated with the mRNA up-regulation of endogenous stress-defending genes such as SOD1 and SOD2, as well as the down-regulation of methuselah (MTH) gene.



It has been proposed that antioxidants may protect DHA against oxidative damage. To determine whether there is a synergistic effect for HP and SM, a mixture of these two algal samples was evaluated for its effects on the lifespan of D. melanogaster. Results showed that the wild type fruit flies fed with the mixture had no elevated survival rate, tentatively suggesting that the increased nutritional complexity may trigger elevated metabolic rate and lead to shortened lifespan.

In conclusion, results of the present study demonstrated the anti-ageing properties of nutrient-rich microalgae both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting SM possesses the potential to be used as a preventive diet supplementation, while HP may be a suitable candidate as therapeutic agents. Based on these findings, the health benefits of nutrient-rich microalgae for the elderly as well as patients with ageing-related diseases were proposed.</description.abstract>
<language>eng</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<relation.ispartof>HKU Theses Online (HKUTO)</relation.ispartof>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<source.uri>http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B48329551</source.uri>
<subject.lcsh>Aging - Prevention.</subject.lcsh>
<subject.lcsh>Microalgae.</subject.lcsh>
<subject.lcsh>Drosophila melanogaster.</subject.lcsh>
<title>Anti-ageing effects of selected marine microalgae in PC12 cells and drosophila melanogaster</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4832955</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Doctor of Philosophy</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>doctoral</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Biological Sciences</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<date.hkucongregation>2012</date.hkucongregation>
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