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Postgraduate Thesis: Retrospective observational study of procalcitonin in oriental intensive care unit patients with suspected nosocomial infection
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TitleRetrospective observational study of procalcitonin in oriental intensive care unit patients with suspected nosocomial infection
 
AuthorsChan, Chin-pang, Ian
陳展鵬
 
Issue Date2012
 
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
AbstractIntroduction Procalcitonin (PCT) was one of the recently described bio-markers in rapid diagnosis of severe sepsis. However, the reported sensitivity and specificity of PCT varied among studies and the results of Oriental population was scanty. The objective of this study was to determine the usefulness of serum procalcitonin level of the Oriental intensive care unit patients in diagnosis of nosocomial infection Materials and methods This was a retrospective observational single-arm cohort review study, which was conducted in a mixed medico-surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a regional public hospital (United Christian Hospital) in Hong Kong SAR, China between 1st January, 2009 and 30th June, 2009, to determine the blood procalcitonin level at early diagnosis (and differentiation) in patients with SIRS and hospital-acquired sepsis, in comparison with other parameters and markers. Results Total 33 patients were recruited in this study. The mean age was 61 years old with nearly 1:1 male to female ratio. The commonest offending organism and involved system in nosocomial sepsis in ICU in this cohort was Gram negative micro-organisms and respiratory tract respectively. The positive likelihood ratios (LR) of nosocomial sepsis in ICU were 4.242 (P = 0.032), 5.711 (P = 0.016) and 8.550 (P = 0.023) with PCT > 0.1 ng/ml, PCT > 0.5 ng/ml and PCT > 5 ng/ml respectively. Good discriminative power of PCT as a test in diagnosing severe sepsis and septicaemia in ICU (AUC of ROC-curve 0.78-0.90) was also demonstrated. In patients with severe sepsis, at serum PCT cut-off point 1.23 ng/ml, the sensitivity and specificity was 89.5% and 71.4% respectively. Conclusion Our study demonstrated the consistent usefulness of PCT, including in diagnosis of severe nosocomial sepsis and septicaemia in oriental ICU patients.
 
DescriptionThesis (P. Dip.)--University of Hong Kong, 2012.
"This work is submitted to Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Postgraduate Diploma in Infectious Diseases, PDipID (HK)."
Includes bibliographical references (p. 33-38).
 
DegreePostgraduate Diploma in Infectious Diseases
 
SubjectNosocomial infections -- Diagnosis.
Calcitonin -- Diagnostic use.
 
Dept/ProgramMicrobiology
 
DC FieldValue
dc.contributor.authorChan, Chin-pang, Ian
 
dc.contributor.author陳展鵬
 
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-01T02:50:31Z
 
dc.date.available2012-11-01T02:50:31Z
 
dc.date.issued2012
 
dc.description.abstractIntroduction Procalcitonin (PCT) was one of the recently described bio-markers in rapid diagnosis of severe sepsis. However, the reported sensitivity and specificity of PCT varied among studies and the results of Oriental population was scanty. The objective of this study was to determine the usefulness of serum procalcitonin level of the Oriental intensive care unit patients in diagnosis of nosocomial infection Materials and methods This was a retrospective observational single-arm cohort review study, which was conducted in a mixed medico-surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a regional public hospital (United Christian Hospital) in Hong Kong SAR, China between 1st January, 2009 and 30th June, 2009, to determine the blood procalcitonin level at early diagnosis (and differentiation) in patients with SIRS and hospital-acquired sepsis, in comparison with other parameters and markers. Results Total 33 patients were recruited in this study. The mean age was 61 years old with nearly 1:1 male to female ratio. The commonest offending organism and involved system in nosocomial sepsis in ICU in this cohort was Gram negative micro-organisms and respiratory tract respectively. The positive likelihood ratios (LR) of nosocomial sepsis in ICU were 4.242 (P = 0.032), 5.711 (P = 0.016) and 8.550 (P = 0.023) with PCT > 0.1 ng/ml, PCT > 0.5 ng/ml and PCT > 5 ng/ml respectively. Good discriminative power of PCT as a test in diagnosing severe sepsis and septicaemia in ICU (AUC of ROC-curve 0.78-0.90) was also demonstrated. In patients with severe sepsis, at serum PCT cut-off point 1.23 ng/ml, the sensitivity and specificity was 89.5% and 71.4% respectively. Conclusion Our study demonstrated the consistent usefulness of PCT, including in diagnosis of severe nosocomial sepsis and septicaemia in oriental ICU patients.
 
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version
 
dc.descriptionThesis (P. Dip.)--University of Hong Kong, 2012.
 
dc.description"This work is submitted to Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Postgraduate Diploma in Infectious Diseases, PDipID (HK)."
 
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p. 33-38).
 
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMicrobiology
 
dc.description.thesislevelPostgraduate diploma
 
dc.description.thesisnamePostgraduate Diploma in Infectious Diseases
 
dc.identifier.hkulb4832035
 
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/173735
 
dc.languageeng
 
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
 
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License
 
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.
 
dc.subject.lcshNosocomial infections -- Diagnosis.
 
dc.subject.lcshCalcitonin -- Diagnostic use.
 
dc.titleRetrospective observational study of procalcitonin in oriental intensive care unit patients with suspected nosocomial infection
 
dc.typePG_Thesis
 
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<item><contributor.author>Chan, Chin-pang, Ian</contributor.author>
<contributor.author>&#38515;&#23637;&#40300;</contributor.author>
<date.accessioned>2012-11-01T02:50:31Z</date.accessioned>
<date.available>2012-11-01T02:50:31Z</date.available>
<date.issued>2012</date.issued>
<identifier.uri>http://hdl.handle.net/10722/173735</identifier.uri>
<description>Thesis (P. Dip.)--University of Hong Kong, 2012.</description>
<description>&quot;This work is submitted to Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Postgraduate Diploma in Infectious Diseases, PDipID (HK).&quot;</description>
<description>Includes bibliographical references (p. 33-38).</description>
<description.abstract>Introduction
Procalcitonin (PCT) was one of the recently described bio-markers in rapid
diagnosis of severe sepsis. However, the reported sensitivity and specificity of
PCT varied among studies and the results of Oriental population was scanty.
The objective of this study was to determine the usefulness of serum
procalcitonin level of the Oriental intensive care unit patients in diagnosis of
nosocomial infection
Materials and methods
This was a retrospective observational single-arm cohort review study, which
was conducted in a mixed medico-surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a
regional public hospital (United Christian Hospital) in Hong Kong SAR, China
between 1st January, 2009 and 30th June, 2009, to determine the blood
procalcitonin level at early diagnosis (and differentiation) in patients with SIRS
and hospital-acquired sepsis, in comparison with other parameters and markers.
Results
Total 33 patients were recruited in this study. The mean age was 61 years old
with nearly 1:1 male to female ratio. The commonest offending organism and
involved system in nosocomial sepsis in ICU in this cohort was Gram negative
micro-organisms and respiratory tract respectively. The positive likelihood
ratios (LR) of nosocomial sepsis in ICU were 4.242 (P = 0.032), 5.711 (P = 0.016)
and 8.550 (P = 0.023) with PCT &gt; 0.1 ng/ml, PCT &gt; 0.5 ng/ml and PCT &gt; 5
ng/ml respectively. Good discriminative power of PCT as a test in diagnosing
severe sepsis and septicaemia in ICU (AUC of ROC-curve 0.78-0.90) was also
demonstrated. In patients with severe sepsis, at serum PCT cut-off point 1.23
ng/ml, the sensitivity and specificity was 89.5% and 71.4% respectively.
Conclusion
Our study demonstrated the consistent usefulness of PCT, including in diagnosis
of severe nosocomial sepsis and septicaemia in oriental ICU patients.</description.abstract>
<language>eng</language>
<publisher>The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)</publisher>
<rights>Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License</rights>
<rights>The author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.</rights>
<subject.lcsh>Nosocomial infections -- Diagnosis.</subject.lcsh>
<subject.lcsh>Calcitonin -- Diagnostic use.</subject.lcsh>
<title>Retrospective observational study of procalcitonin in oriental intensive care unit patients with suspected nosocomial infection</title>
<type>PG_Thesis</type>
<identifier.hkul>b4832035</identifier.hkul>
<description.thesisname>Postgraduate Diploma in Infectious Diseases</description.thesisname>
<description.thesislevel>Postgraduate diploma</description.thesislevel>
<description.thesisdiscipline>Microbiology</description.thesisdiscipline>
<description.nature>published_or_final_version</description.nature>
<bitstream.url>http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/173735/1/FullText.pdf</bitstream.url>
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