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Article: State, conservation and ethnicization of Little India in Singapore

TitleState, conservation and ethnicization of Little India in Singapore
Authors
Issue Date1998
Citation
Urban Anthropology, 1998, v. 27 n. 1, p. 1-48 How to Cite?
AbstractUsing the Little India district as an example, this paper explores the relationship between state and ethnicity in Singapore. The Singapore state, since its formation, has established a clear multiracial framework for its population based on the so-called CMIO (Chinese, Malay, Indian and Others) model. This multiracial model has become the guiding principle for the formulation of most of its social and development policies. This paper argues that the operation of the CMIO model is very much in place when the state implements its land planning and conservation policies of Little India. It examines how the state and the Indians themselves see the issue of conservation. The Singapore state sees conservation in an instrumental way: to preserve a little of its history and to commoditize it as a cultural form for the tourist industry. The Indians, on the other hand, see the conservation process as an important avenue to transform and ethnicize the place into their own ethnic space. By engaging in the economic, and especially cultural and socioreligious, activities in a visible way, the Indians have transformed the social landscape and established for themselves a distinct Indian ethno-cultural identity, one which differs greatly from the CMIO-based Indian identity that the state confers upon them. This contest of power between the state and the Indians resulted in two distinct types of Indian ethnicity. First, it is state articulated, based on the CMIO of model Indian identity. Second, it is the culturally based Indian ethnicity that the Indians themselves identify with.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172338
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.115
References

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKuah, KEen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-30T06:21:53Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-30T06:21:53Z-
dc.date.issued1998en_US
dc.identifier.citationUrban Anthropology, 1998, v. 27 n. 1, p. 1-48en_US
dc.identifier.issn0894-6019en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/172338-
dc.description.abstractUsing the Little India district as an example, this paper explores the relationship between state and ethnicity in Singapore. The Singapore state, since its formation, has established a clear multiracial framework for its population based on the so-called CMIO (Chinese, Malay, Indian and Others) model. This multiracial model has become the guiding principle for the formulation of most of its social and development policies. This paper argues that the operation of the CMIO model is very much in place when the state implements its land planning and conservation policies of Little India. It examines how the state and the Indians themselves see the issue of conservation. The Singapore state sees conservation in an instrumental way: to preserve a little of its history and to commoditize it as a cultural form for the tourist industry. The Indians, on the other hand, see the conservation process as an important avenue to transform and ethnicize the place into their own ethnic space. By engaging in the economic, and especially cultural and socioreligious, activities in a visible way, the Indians have transformed the social landscape and established for themselves a distinct Indian ethno-cultural identity, one which differs greatly from the CMIO-based Indian identity that the state confers upon them. This contest of power between the state and the Indians resulted in two distinct types of Indian ethnicity. First, it is state articulated, based on the CMIO of model Indian identity. Second, it is the culturally based Indian ethnicity that the Indians themselves identify with.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofUrban Anthropologyen_US
dc.titleState, conservation and ethnicization of Little India in Singaporeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailKuah, KE: kekuah@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityKuah, KE=rp00567en_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltexten_US
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0344936609en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros34413-
dc.relation.referenceshttp://www.scopus.com/mlt/select.url?eid=2-s2.0-0344936609&selection=ref&src=s&origin=recordpageen_US
dc.identifier.volume27en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.spage1en_US
dc.identifier.epage48en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.identifier.scopusauthoridKuah, KE=7006858605en_US

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